Home Superfoods A to Z Watermelon – Citrullus lanatus – Tarbuj

Watermelon - Citrullus lanatus - Tarbuj


The summer fruit watermelon has 92% water, as the name suggests. Citrullus lanatus is the fruit’s scientific name. In a tropical nation like India, the summertime heat can occasionally become intolerable in most states. Everyone adores them because of their great nutritious content. It can be ranked second only to mangoes in India and one of the best superfoods. This delicious fruit goodness is not only mouthwatering and aesthetically pleasing, but it is also incredibly nutritious. Additionally, it can aid in weight loss and reduce your chance of getting heart disease and asthma attacks.

Synonyms of Watermelon

  • Citrullus lanatus
  • Tarbuj
  • kalinda

Nutritional Facts of Watermelon

One-cup of watermelon includes:-


Calories: 46
Carbohydrates: 11.6 grams
Fat: 0.2 grams
Sugar: 9.5 grams
Fiber: 0.6 gram
Protein: 0.9 gram

Phytochemical Constituents of Watermelon

  • Lycopene
  • Vitamin C
  • β-carotene

Books Written by Dr. Sahil Gupta (B.A.M.S, M.H.A.)

Therapeutic Uses of Watermelon

  • Good vision 

This fruit has a good amount of beta-carotene, which gives them its deep red color and is converted by the body into vitamin A. The formation of pigments within the retina is vital, and vitamin A also guards against age-related macular degeneration and night blindness.


  • Lowers inflammation 

Consuming watermelon also has the added health benefit of reducing inflammation. Lycopene and significant antioxidants like Vitamin C, which reduce oxidative stress and inflammation, are present in it. Since oxidative stress can cause a variety of chronic disorders, it is crucial to reduce it.


  • Fat loss 

Citrulline, an important amino acid found in watermelon, has been demonstrated to significantly reduce the buildup of fat in our cells. This amino acid prevents the body from producing fat by going through several stages. In turn, this prevents the body from storing too much fat.


  • Healthful digestion 

Watermelon can be ingested for healthy digestion because it contains some fiber and a lot of water. Consuming this watery fruit regularly can help your digestion. Another reason to consume watermelon in the summer is that fiber-rich foods aid in digestion.


  • Supplies quick hydration

Since watermelon contains about 92% water, its effectiveness in hydrating humans is apparent.

The name of it is water! It contains beneficial electrolytes like magnesium and potassium that assist rapidly replenishing energy levels. Additionally, this trait guards against heat exhaustion. An amazing diuretic allows you to produce more urine without putting too much strain on your kidneys.

Consult Online with Dr. Sahil Gupta (B.A.M.S., M.H.A.)

Home Remedies Watermelon

  • Glowing Skin

You may get soft, supple skin with watermelon just by mixing yogurt with watermelon juice. This face mask will help your skin soft and younger and healthier if you apply it frequently. simply add half a cup of watermelon juice to a small bowl. Add a tablespoon of yogurt, then thoroughly combine the two ingredients. Apply it to your face and then Leave it on for 10 to 15 minutes then wash it with cold water.


  • Control blood pressure

Citrulline, which has anti-hypertensive properties, is included in the seeds. Nitric oxide production, which aids in regulating blood pressure, is increased while aortic pressure is decreased.


  • Lose weight

The watermelon peel’s high fiber content makes it an ideal supplement for weight loss. To help you achieve your weight loss goal, the white component, which is typically discarded, can be incorporated into salads and curries.

Ayurvedic Aspects of Watermelon

Watermelon has a cooling (Sheetal) and moisturizing effect on the body, according to Ayurveda. It helps with excessive thirst, weariness, burning feeling reduction, edema reduction, and bladder infections, and it also functions as a diuretic. It can impede digestion and result in Ama (digestive toxins).

Daily Dose: One cup of watermelon every day is plenty

Side Effects of Watermelon

  • Digestive Problems

Both water and dietary fiber are abundant in watermelon. Consuming excessive amounts, however, may result in digestive issues like bloating, flatulence, diarrhea and gas.


  • Liver inflammation

Regular alcohol drinkers should not consume a lot of watermelon since the fruit’s high lycopene content could react with alcohol and irritate the liver. Additionally, the liver may suffer injury from severe oxidative stress.


  • Loose Stools

Sorbitol is a unique kind of sugar found in watermelon. Those who are sorbitol intolerant experience loose stools and flatulence after eating watermelon.


  •  Cardiovascular Problems

Potassium is an essential component that plays many roles in maintaining the body’s health, and watermelon is well known for being an excellent supply of this mineral. However, consuming too much potassium might result in heart issues like irregular heartbeat, a weak pulse rate, etc.


  • Water intoxication

Overhydrating or experiencing water intoxication results in a loss of salt concentration in the body. The body’s water content will rise if you eat too much watermelon. The issue comes when extra water is not expelled, which causes the blood volume to expand and, in turn, produces tiredness, and weak kidneys. Additionally, it might cause the body’s salt levels to drop.


  1. National Geographic: “The 5,000-Year Secret History of the Watermelon.”
  2. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10942912.2019.1584212#:~:text=Watermelon%20contains%20phytochemicals%20such%20as,human%20health%20and%20well%2Dbeing.

Article Written By: Dr. Sahil Gupta, Ayurvedic Allergy Specialist

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