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    Ayurvedic Treatment for Fungal Infection - Fungal Diseases

    Fungal Diseases

    Fungal Diseases refer to a group of discomforts caused by a fungal infection. Nearly 200 million people have serious fungal diseases, which cause a major impact on their health or life. Due to a lack of clinical approaches and diagnostic test performances, many fungal diseases are not even properly recognized. It is very important for everyone to have a general awareness of fungal infections and their complications. Mycosis the medical term for a fungal invasion in human beings. The fungal disease may limit to the skin only or spread into tissues, bone, and organs or affects the whole body. Moisture is a favorable condition for fungus to hibernate. Usually, skin folds and moist areas of the body like toes, genital area, underarms, and under the breasts are the more prone sites of infection. Dr. Gupta’sInstitute of Applied Food Allergy (IAFA) is a pioneering institute that carries out clinical trials and research processes in the treatment of chronic fungal infections like Aspergillosis in the sinus and lungs. IAFA, by its wide recognition and limitless efforts, has become a primary destination for the management of fungal diseases. Your search related to herbal remedies for fungal diseases, natural treatment for fungal diseases, herbal remedies for fungal infection, natural treatment for fungal infection, alternative treatment for fungal infection, and alternative treatment for fungal diseases end here. Consult with Dr. Sahil Gupta (BAMS, MHA) and follow his guideline, you will be fine soon.

    Causes of Fungal Infection

    Fungus is one of the wide ranges of living organism which live varied habitats like on soil, on plants, household surface even on body skin. Among 1.5 million different species of fungi, only about 300 are harmful to human health. Some of them are beneficial to humans like mushroom, baker’s yeast and some medicines. Fungal infections can be primary in those who are relatively healthy and can be opportunistic such as in a person with weak immune system. People living in damp places like coastal regions where higher concentration of mold is present are at more risk. Some other susceptible conditions are:

    • Chronic illness like Diabetes, Cancer, AIDS etc.
    • Obese person
    • Patients taking antibiotics and corticosteroids from long duration
    • Weakened immune system

    In Ayurveda, a variety of reasons are explained as the cause of fungal infection. It includes improper food, inappropriate regimen and life style, mental stress and tension, unhygienic practices etc.

    Classification of Fungal Infection

    Fungal infection can be either localized or systemic. The infections aggressively spread from one site to the other and sometimes can even be fatal. A few types of fungal infections are listed below which are common in humans.

    A. Aspergillosis

    Aspergillosis is caused by a type of fungus called Aspergillus. Its habitats in stored grain, dead leaves, decaying vegetation, and compost pits. Aspergillosis is a type of opportunistic fungal infection that occurs in people who are suffering from health issues like allergic rhinitis, sinusitis, or asthma for a long duration or those having weakened immune systems. Also, it easily affects immune-compromised patients having HIV or AIDS, Cancer, Lung Abscess, Tuberculosis, and Cystic fibrosis. On the basis of localization of Aspergillus fungus following are the types of Aspergillosis:

    • Aspergillosis Sinusitis
    • Broncho-pulmonary Aspergillosis
    • Cutaneous (skin) Aspergillosis
    • Chronic Pulmonary Aspergillosis

    In Ayurveda the condition called TamakaSwasa is related to Broncho-pulmonary Aspergillosis. The aggravating factors of TamakaSwasa as per Ayurveda includes cloudy climate, exposure to water, cold weather, wind etc. The main symptoms of Tamakaswasa are stiffness of head and neck, cough, hoarseness of voice, tastelessness, runny nose, thirst, increased rate of respiration, sweating etc.

    Ayurvedic reference of Chronic Pulmonary Aspergillosis

    B. Candidiasis

    Candidiasis is the most common type of fungal infectioncaused by the yeast Candidaalbicans. Candida yeast usually resides on the skin, the mucous membrane of mouth, vagina and the digestive tract with no potential harm.  But overgrowth of these microorganisms in favorable environment results in the Candidiasis (a type of yeast infection). Candida Yeast overgrows in:

    • Hot and Humid conditions
    • Poor hygiene
    • Sites of diaper rashes 
    • Tight, synthetic undergarments
    • Obesity
    • Psoriasis and eczematous skin lesions
    • Weakened immune system

    On the basis of body part affected,following are the types of Candida Yeast infection:

    • OropharyngealCandidiasis (Thrush)
    • Genital Candidiasis (Penile and Vulvo-vaginal Candidiasis)
    • Diaper Rash or skin candidiasis
    • Invasive Candidiasis or Candidemia
    • Angular Cheilitis
    • Nail Candidiasis
    • Chronic muco-cutaneous Candidiasis

    In Ayurveda, symptoms similar to Candida infection in different sites are explained. Symptoms of oropharyngeal candidiasis are similar to that of Mukhapaka (Mouth ulcer) caused by vitiation of Kaphadosha. It is mainly manifested as itchy mouth ulcers with sticky discharge, sweetness of mouth etc.

    Ayurvedic references of Candida Yeast infection

    C. Dermatophytosis (Tinea)

    Dermatophytosisincludes fungal infections of the skin and nails caused by molds. Tinea is the Latin term meaning Fungal Infection. Dermatophyte infections are also called ringworm or Tinea. Tinea infections are very common, and it affects any age group.Tinearesults in the circular ring type red patches on the skin, nails, hair and feet.Molds are a type of fungi that need the keratin protein for their growth. Human skin, hair and nails are structured from keratin proteins.That’s the reason why Dermatophyteslive here. Dermatophytosis in humans is caused by Epidermophyton, Microsporum, Trichophyton etc.

    Signs and Symptoms of Tinea Infection

    • Irritation
    • Scaly Skin
    • Redness
    • Itching
    • Swelling
    • Blisters

    Methods of Transmission of Tinea Infection

    • Human to Human: Direct skin to skin contact
    • Object to Human: Using clothing, towels, bed linens, comb etc. of infected person
    • Animal to Human: Via Pet Animals

    Classification of Tinea

    Dermatophytes infect the skin and according to site of infection classification is as follows.

    • TineaCapitis (Ring Worm of the Scalp)
    • TineaPedis (Athletes Foot)
    • TineaCruris (Jock Itch)
    • TineaUnguium (Nail Fungus)
    • TineaBarbae (Beard Infection)
    • TineaVersicolor
    • TineaManuum

    TineaCapitis (Ring Worm of The Scalp)

    TineaCapitis develops inside the hair follicles on the scalp. The fungi attack the outer layer of the scalp and hair shaft. Ring like circular rasheswill appear on the scalp skin.

    Symptoms of TineaCapitis (Ring Worm)

    • Red scaly,Itchy patch
    • Ring shaped Patch
    • Flaky
    • Tender and Sore to Touch
    • Pus filled bumps on the Scalp
    • Bald patches on the Scalp

    Prevention of TineaCapitis (Ring Worm)

    • Keep body clean
    • Wash hands frequently
    • Don’t share personal items with others
    • Keep the skin dry
    • Wash bedding regularly.
    • Shampoo regularly
    • Replace or disinfect hair tools regularly.

    Differential Diagnosis of TineaCapitis

    In Ayurveda, the condition similar to Tineacapitis is mentioned as Arumshika. It is the condition caused by vitiation of Pithadosha, Kaphadosha, Rakta and also by attack of micro-organisms.

    Ayurvedic reference of Tineacapitis-Arumshika

    TineaPedis (Athlete’s Foot)

    It is a fungus infection usually grows in between the toes.Often occurs in people whose feet have become always sweaty with the tight-fitting shoes.It spreads very easily.

     

    The Moccasin variety of Athletes Foot causes chronic dryness and scaling of soles that extend up to the side of the foot. It can affect both feet and can spread to the hands if there is scratch or prick at the infected parts of the feet. It can be mistaken for eczema or dry skin.

    Signs and Symptoms of TineaPedis (Athletes Foot)

    • Scaly rash(Especially in between 4&5th toes)
    • Stinging
    • Burning
    • Blisters
    • lcers

    Triggering Factors of TineaPedis

    • Warm humid conditions
    • By contact with infected person or surfaces
    • Excessive sweating
    • Consumption of immune suppressive medications
    • Poor peripheral circulation
    • Infection can spread through hands, nails (can also infect toenails),groin area (jock itch is caused by same fungus)
    • Damp socks, shoes

    Prevention of TineaPedis

    • Keep feet dry, especially in between the toes.
    • Change socks regularly.
    • Keep personal shoes and socks.
    • Protect feet from public places.
    • Don’t share socks, shoes and belongings.
    • Avoid wearing footwear for long periods.

    Differential Diagnosis of TineaPedis

    • Foot Eczema
    • Contact Allergic Dermatitis
    • Psoriasis
    • Planter pustulosis
    • Planter Keratoderma.

    Tineapedis is explained in Ayurveda as the condition called Alasa. It is said to occur due to certain worm infestation or microbial attack.

    Ayurvedic reference of Tinea Pedis-Alasa

    TineaCrucis (Jock Itch)

    It’s a Fungal Infection in the skin of genitals, inner thighs and buttocks. It causes itchy, red ring-shaped rash on the warm and moist area of the body, often affects inner thighs and the groin area. It is common in athletes, in people with excess perspiration, overweight persons etc.

    Signs and Symptoms of TineaCrusis (Jock Itch)

    • Reddish Skin Rash
    • Itching
    • Burning
    • Flaky,Scaly Skin
    • Ring shaped rash bordered with a line of small blisters

    Spread of TineaCrusis (Jock Itch)

    • From person to person
    • By sharing belongings like towel, clothing etc.
    • Spreads from feet to groin through hands or towel.

    Risk Factors for TineaCruris

    • Tight Underwear
    • Overweight
    • Excessive sweating
    • Weakened Immune System
    • Diabetes

    Prevention of TineaCrusis (Jock Itch)

    • Stay Dry
    • Wear Clean Clothes
    • Treat Athletes Foot (if any)
    • Don’t share belongings

    Jock Itch can be related to Pama explained in Ayurveda. It is caused by vitiation of Kapha and Pithadosha.

    Ayurvedic reference if Tinea Crusis-Pama

    TineaUnguiums (Nail Fungus)

    It is a fungal infection causing nail brittle, crumbly, and thickened. It is caused by trichophytonrubrum and tineainterdigitale. Fungus may affect one or more toenails.Nail fungus is often confused with non-infected nail dystrophy particularly psoriasis, dermatitis, lichen planus, viral warts, ageing changes etc.

    Patterns of Nail Fungus

    • Lateral Onychomycosis– White, yellow opaque streak appears at one side of the nail.
    • SubungualHyperkeratosis– Scaling occurs under the nail.
    • Distal Onycholysis – End of the nail lifts up, free edge often crumbles.
    • Superficial White Onychomycosis – Flaky white patches & pits appears on top of nail plate.
    • Proximal Onychomycosis – Yellow spots appears in half moon.
    • Complete destruction of nail.

    Signs and Symptoms of Nail Fungus (TineaUngium)

    Nail becomes,

     

    • Thickened
    • Whitish to Yellow brown discolored
    • Distorted in shape
    • Brittle,Crumbly or Ragged
    • Dark Color 
    • Slightly foul smelling

    Risk Factors of Nail Funus

    • Heavy sweating
    • History of Athletes Foot,
    • Walking barefoot,
    • Nail Injury
    • Psoriasis
    • Diabetes
    • Weakened Immune System

    Complications in Nail Fungus

    • In severe cases, may cause permanent damage to nail. It may lead to other serious infections.
    • Diabetic person is at greater risk.
    • In suppressed immune system

    Prevention of Nail Fungus

    • Trim nails
    • Wash and moisturize nails regularly
    • Change socks regularly
    • Use sterilized nail tools.
    • Disinfect shoes

    In Ayurveda, condition similar to Nail Fungus is explained as Kunakha. It is said to be caused by trauma.

    Ayurvedic reference of Tinea Ungium -Kunakha

    TineaBarbae

    TineaBarbae is also known as TineaSycosis or Barber’s Itch. It is fungal infection of the skin, hair, hair follicles of the beard area. It is most common in men, it may also affect women who have dark, coarse hair on face or neck. It is mostly seen in adult males and older teens. Most common locations of TineaBarbae are chin, cheeks, neck, and upper lips.

    Signs and symptoms of TineaBarbae

    • Red Scaly patch
    • Small pus-filled bumps (Pustules)
    • Itching
    • Swelling
    • Hair can be pulled out easily
    • Fever

    Causes of TineaBarbae

    • Warm, humid climate,
    • Can spread from animals to humans,
    • So agricultural workers are most infected due to the direct contact with an infected animal.
    • From cattle (TineaVerrucous)
    • From horses (TineaMentagrophytes)

    Prevention of TineaBarbae

    • Examine all animals for fungal infection and treat them accordingly by a veterinary doctor.

    In Ayurveda Tineabarbae is explained as Indraluptha. It is a condition affecting hair follicles. It is also called Rujya or Chacha.

    Ayurvedic reference of Tinea Barbae-Indraluptha-Rujya

    TineaVersicolor or PityriasisVersicolor

    It is a fungal infection caused by fungus Malassezia furfur (a type of yeast) found on the surface of the skin causes small discolored patches. Tan, brown, salmon or white scaly patches appears on the trunk, neck, and abdomen and occasionally on the facein a typical pattern. Small patches may join to form larger patches. Dark skin people have lighter patches, but fair skin may get darker or lighter patches.  It is most common in younger adults and is not contagious. Yeast like Malasseziausually lives in large communities on the skin to protect from other infections.They live alongside body’s cells in symbiotic relationships with skin cells and tiny organisms supporting and benefiting each other. Sometimes this yeast can grow out of control due to weakened Immune System thus causing chronic relapsing TineaVersicolor.

    Signs and Symptoms of TineaVersicolor

    • Mild Itching
    • Scaling patches
    • Light or dark Skin Discoloration

    Causative Factors of TineaVersicolor

    • Hot, humid weather
    • Excessive sweating
    • Oily skin
    • Hormonal changes
    • Weakened immunity

    Prevention of TineaVersicolor

    • Don’t wear Tight Clothing
    • Reduce Exposure to Sun
    • Avoid using Oily Skin Products

    Differential Diagnosis in TineaVersicolor

    • Rash caused by Pityriasisrosea is similar to Tineaversicolor.
    • Some conditions with symptoms such as Vitiligo are often mistaken for Tineaversicolor.

    Tineaversicolor can be related to Rikshajihva in Ayurveda. It is caused by the vitiation of Vatadosha and Pithadosha.

    Ayurvedic reference of Tinea Versicolor-Rikshajihva

    TineaManuum

    It is a Fungal Infection of hands.It is also called as Ring Worm and is contagious.Manuum means infection is on one or both hands. Red scaly rash that usually has a border that is slightly raised,this border creates a Ring so referred as Ring Worm.

     

    Signs and Symptoms of TineaManuum

    • Itching
    • Dryness
    • Scaly
    • Burning
    • May Peel and Flake

    Risk Factors of TineaManuum

    • Using Public Showers
    • Excessive Sweating
    • Tight Fitting Clothing
    • Human to Human
    • Animals to Human
    • From Hedgehog-TrichophytonErinace
    • Cattle- T. Verrucosum
    • Cat /Dog- MicrosporumCanis
    • From Soil-MannizziaGypsea

    Prevention of TineaManuum

    • Keep Hands Clean and Dry
    • Avoid contact with active case of Tinea
    • Wear disposable gloves when treating Infected Skin.

     

    TineaManuum is often confused withHand Dermatitis

    In Ayurveda, the condition of TineaManuum is described as Dadru. It is caused by the vitiation of Kaphadosha and Pithadosha.

    Ayurvedic reference of Tinea Manuum-Dadru

    Fungal infections are very common yet distressing disease affecting many of the people around us. Dr. Gupta’s IAFA is a trustworthy institution for complete cure of your ailments caused by fungal infections. Institute of Applied Food Allergy® follows genuine Ayurveda to ensure you a healthy living”.

    IAFA welcomes you to a healthy and happy life through Ayurveda!!

     

    -Allergist, Dr. Sahil Gupta

    Bachelor of Ayurveda Medicine & Surgery
    Master’s in Health Administration

    Diet Management in Fungal Infection

    Do’s (Pathya) in Fungal Infection

    • Consume old harvested grains and cereals
    • Include more fruits and vegetables in diet
    • Drink warm water
    • Take easily digestible food
    • Have warm and fresh food always
    •  Drink adequate water
    • Green gram
    • Pomegranate
    • Goose berry
    • Take food only after digestion of previous meal
    • Mild to moderate exercise
    • Use of separate personal items
    • Maintain personal, social and environmental hygiene
    • Use chappals when walk through mud, dust or dirty water
    • Wear loose and dry garments
    •  Change clothes, bed sheets etc. at regular intervals
    • Expose to mild sunlight daily at morning and evening
    • Sleep approximately for 7 hours per day
    • Positive and stress free mind
    • Maintain healthy and happy relation between friends and relatives

    Dont’s (Apathya) in Fungal Infection

    • Excessive sweet, salty, spicy and sour food
    • Fermented food
    • Heavy to digest food
    • Non-vegetarian diet
    • Curd
    • Pappad
    • Black gram
    • Old and refrigerated food
    • Reheated food
    • Taking food before digesting previous meal
    • Day sleep
    • Lack of exercise
    • Lack of enough sleep
    • Stress and mental tension
    • Lack of personal hygiene
    • Exchange of personal items
    • Tight and unclean garments
    • Keeping body parts like folds, genitals etc. wet and moist.

    Yoga and Pranayama in Fungal Infections

    Various yoga postures help to make mind and body relaxed. This reduces the intensity and recurrence of various skin diseases including fungal infection. It helps to increase blood circulation and rejuvenates body cells. Following postures will be especially beneficial in fungal infections:

    • Suryanamaskar
    • SuptaBaddhaKonasana
    • Marichyasana
    • Padmasana
    • Sukhasana
    • Sarvangasana
    • Savasana
    • Vajrasana
    • Paschimothasana

    Pranayama helps to attain relaxation to mind. It promotes healing of ulcers and wounds. Pranayama ensures blood flow to all body parts. It confirms oxygen supply and helps formation of new cells.

    Ayurvedic Treatment for Fungal Infection

    Ayurveda incorporates internal as well as external medicines in the management of fungal infection. The unique Ayurvedic treatment protocol ensures complete cure from various skin infections.

    Internal Medicines

    Following medicines can be advised based on type and site of infection.

    • PanchatiktakamKwatha
    • PatoladiKwatha
    • PatolamooladiKwatha
    • NimbadiKwatha
    • Kaisoraguggulu Tablet
    • Vilwadi Tablet
    • Dooshivishari Tablet

    • ManibhadraGula
    • AvipathiChurna
    • TriphalaChurna
    • Khadirarishta
    • Patolasava
    • Nimbamruthasava

    External Medicines

    External medicines as listed below can be provided based on stage and site of infection.

    • TriphalaChurna
    • NimbadiChurna
    • NalpamaradiChurna
    • AragwadhadiKwatha
    • GuduchyadiKwatha

    • Tuthadi Tablet
    • RasothamadiLepa
    • Dhanyamla
    • DineshavalyadiKera
    • VitpalaKera

    External Therapies

    Following procedures help in easy healing of wounds and ulcers.

    • Swedana (Sweating therapy)
    • Padaavagaha (Foot bath)
    • Lepa (Medicinal paste)

    • Abhyanga (Oil massage)
    • Kshalana (Washing)

    Purification Therapies in Fungal Infection

    • Virechana (Purgation)
    • Vamana (Emesis)

    • Raktamoksha (Blood-letting)

    Single Herbs in Fungal Infection

    Use of following single herbs can be suggested in different forms as per condition of patient and infection.

    • Nimba (Azadirachtaindica)
    • Patola (Tricosanthesdioica)
    • Tila (Sesamumindicum)
    • Pippali (Piper longum)
    • Haritaki (Terminaliachebula)

    • Satavari (Asparagus racemosus)
    • Haridra (Curcuma longa)
    • Kushta (Saussurealappa)
    • Chitraka (Plumbagozeylanica)
    • Amalaki (Emblicaofficinalis

    Article Written By: Dr. Sahil Gupta, Ayurvedic Allergist

    Frequently Asked Questions

    Question: What is Aspergillosis?

    Answer: Aspergillosis is an infection caused by fungus Aspergillus that affects respiratory system and manifested as sinusitis, cough, dyspnea etc.

    Question: What are the symptoms of Athlete’s Foot?

    Answer: Manifestations of Athlete’s Foot include scaly rash, itching, burning, blisters, ulcers etc.

    Question: How Ayurveda helps in the management of Fungal infections?

    Answer: Ayurveda combines internal and external medicines and therapies for the effective and complete cure of various fungal infections. Fungi may affect different body parts and cause varied symptoms and manifestations. Ayurveda suggests unique treatment for each type of infections. 

    Question: What are the risk factors of Jock Itch?

    Answer: People wearing tight under garments, who are over weighed, sweat easily, having diabetes etc. are more prone to have Jock Itch.

    Question: How Nail Fungus can be prevented?

    Answer: Nail fungus can be prevented by trimming nails, changing socks regularly, keeping foot and nails dry and clean, disinfecting shoes etc.

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