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Jalapeno - Capsicum Annuum


One of the most popular types of chili peppers, the jalapeno, has been a staple seasoning for a variety of delectable dishes for centuries. They are indigenous to Mexico and are a powerhouse of antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals. Due to their rich nutritional profile, jalapenos are gaining popularity for their health advantages and are considered a superfood. The capsaicin in jalapenos aids in weight loss, lowers the risk of cancer, strengthens the heart, and guards against liver damage. You may add jalapenos to your favorite foods and they are simple to cook.

Synonyms of Jalapeno

  • Chili pepper.
  • Hot pepper.
  • Red pepper.
  • Long pepper.
  • Capsicum annuum

Nutritional Facts of Jalapeno

One raw jalapeno has


Calories: 4
Protein: 0.1 gram
Fat: 0 grams
Carbohydrates: 1 gram
Fiber: 0.4 gram

Phytochemical Constituents of Jalapeno

  • Rutin 
  • Epicatechin and catechin

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Therapeutic Uses of Jalapeno

  • Helps Weight Loss

Jalapenos may significantly aid in weight loss by boosting metabolism, burning fat, and suppressing hunger. A vast variety of active substances found in jalapenos, including capsaicin and capsaicinoids, have been shown to increase metabolism by 5%, making it simpler to lose those troublesome fats.


  • Fight against cancer

Vitamin C, which is abundant in jalapenos and is known to combat free radicals, which are believed to promote the growth of cancer cells. It contains the plant chemical capsaicin, which can destroy specific cancer cell types.


  • Cure Stomach Ulcers

The majority of people are susceptible to stomach ulcers, which are frequently brought on by the development of the H. Pylori bacteria, an increase in acid production, incorrect blood flow, stress, binge drinking, and smoking. Consuming hot foods like jalapenos is supposed to make stomach ulcers worse, however, studies disprove this claim. In actuality, capsaicin in pepper may prevent stomach ulcers and lessen inflammation in the stomach.


  • Nasal Congestion

The capsaicin-again responsible for the heat in peppers helps to cleanse the sinuses. Clearing the airways, even aids in the battle against sinus infections. In other words, jalapeno peppers help you breathe easier.

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  • Benefits To Make your Bones 

The vitamin in jalapenos is crucial for promoting bone health. Therefore, encouraging bone strength and density can aid in preserving bone health. Yes, it’s not the major food, but you still need to eat high-cilium foods and drinks. Jalapeno, though, is also very tasty.


  • As Anti Acne

It is possible due to the presence of vitamin A in jalapenos, which lowers the creation of excess sebum and lowers the risk of acne.

Ayurvedic Aspects of Jalapeno

In Ayurvedic treatment, jalapeno is known to raise internal heat. It has historically been used to treat disorders involving gut flora as well as respiratory illnesses. Pepper improves bioavailability, which means it makes nutrients more readily absorbed and circulated by the body. It also has cleaning and antioxidant qualities. In addition, jalapeno may assist joint health, boost digestion and circulation, stimulate hunger, and aid the free flow of oxygen to the brain. Jalapeno is utilized to boost the Pitta dosha and weaken the Vata and Kapha doshas due to the plant’s natural capacity to increase heat. The Pitta dosha governs the processes of digestion, metabolism, and energy production, and Pitta-dominant people tend to be fiery in temperament.

Side Effects of Jalapeno

  • Gastrointestinal problems

Consuming an excessive amount of jalapeno may cause nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. As you consume more jalapeno, you can have a worsened burning feeling in your mouth and throat.


  • Heartburn

If you have heartburn, stop eating anything spicy. Consuming a lot of jalapenos would not be a good idea.


  • Kidney damage

Kidney damage can result from consuming excessive amounts of capsaicin over time. Before consuming a lot of jalapenos, you should talk to your health experts if you already have kidney problems.


  1. World Crops: “Jalapeño Pepper / Capsicum Annum.” 
  2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5495727/#:~:text=The%20major%20phenolic%20compounds%2C%20rutin,correlated%20strongly%20with%20capsaicin%20content.

Article Written By: Dr. Sahil Gupta, Ayurvedic Allergy Specialist

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