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Seborrheic dermatitis (Kapalagata roga)

दारुणा कण्डुरा रुक्षाकेशभूमिःप्रपाट्यते|
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Seborrheic dermatitis-Kapalagata roga

Seborrheic Dermatitis (SD) and dandruff are of a continuous spectrum of the same disease that affects the seborrheic areas of the body. Dandruff is restricted to the scalp, and involves itchy, flaking skin without visible inflammation. Seborrheic Dermatitis can affect the scalp as well as other seborrheic areas, and involves itchy and flaking or scaling skin, inflammation and pruritus. Various intrinsic and environmental factors, such as sebaceous secretions, skin surface fungal colonization, individual susceptibility, and interactions between these factors, all contribute to the pathogenesis of Seborrheic Dermatitis.


In Ayurveda, it can be correlated with Darunaka. It is a Kapalagata roga (disease of scalp), but Acharya Sushruta has described this disease as a Kshudraroga (minor diseases) due to the vitiation of Vata and Kapha Doshas with symptoms like Kandu (itching on scalp), Keshachyuti (falling of hair), Swapa (abnormalities of touch sensation on scalp), Rookshata (roughness or dryness of the scalp) and Twaksphutana (breaking or cracking of the scalp skin).


Dr. Gupta’s IAFA successfully address this condition and provides very safe and effective treatment for Dandruff

Causes of Seborrheic dermatitis

The definitive cause of seborrheic dermatitis is unknown. However, proliferation of Malassezia species has been described as a contributing factor

Ayurvedic reference of Seborrheic dermatitis-Kapalagata roga

Symptomsof Seborrheic dermatitis

Symptoms include,

  • Skin flakes (dandruff) on your scalp, hair, eyebrows, beard or mustache
  • Patches of greasy skin covered with flaky white or yellow scales or crust on the scalp, face, sides of the nose, eyebrows, ears, eyelids, chest, armpits, groin area or under the breasts
  • Red skin
  • Itching
  • The signs and symptoms may be more severe if you’re stressed, and they tend to flare in cold, dry seasons.

Dr. Gupta’s IAFA successfully address this condition and provides very safe and effective treatment for Seborrheic dermatitis. Institute of Applied Food Allergy® aspires to be the destination of choice for people seeking authentic Ayurveda healthcare”. 

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-Allergist, Dr. Sahil Gupta

Bachelor of Ayurveda Medicine & Surgery
Master’s in Health Administration

Diet Management in Seborrheic dermatitis

Do’s (Pathya) in Seborrheic dermatitis

  • Food with good nutritive value; include fiber rich foods, salads, fruits and lentils.
  • Adding coconut water to diet and always using healthy fats like ghee in cooking is also recommended
  • Eating sweeter, juicy fresh fruits, cooked greens and leafy green vegetables with a bitter taste will help in hair treatment.
  • fenugreek, turmeric and coriander, cumin, ghee, oil will also help purify fat tissue and strengthen bone tissue.

Don’ts (Apathya) in Seborrheic dermatitis

  • Avoid using hot water for hair wash.
  • Don’t apply heat and direct sunlight on scalp
  • Don’t comb hair before getting dried after wash.
  • Avoid excess sugar, salt, dairy products, meat, acidic food 
  • Avoid spicy, fatty, hot and penetrating foods, junk food, and aerated drinks

Yoga Therapy for Seborrheic dermatitis

Postures include,

  • Pashchimottanasana 
  • Adho Mukha Swanasana 
  • Chakrasana
  • Sarvangasana

Pranayama include,

  • Kapalbhati
  • Nadishodhana Pranayama
  • Bhastrika Pranayama
  • Bhramari

Ayurvedic Treatment for Seborrheic dermatitis

The Ayurvedic line of treatment is to normally modify doshas through internal medicines, diet and lifestyle management along with Panchakarma therapy. Some special herbs are administered to purify the body of accumulated digestive impurities

Internal Medicines forSeborrheic dermatitis

  • Panchatiktaka Kashaya
  • Manjishthadi Kashaya
  • Mahatiktaka Kashaya
  • ArogyavardhiniVati
  • Triphala Rasayana
  • Triphala churna
  • Yashti churna
  • Saptamritaloha 

  • Chandanasava 
  • Bhringaraja Taila 
  • Triphaladya Taila 
  • Brahmi Taila
  • Malathyadi keram
  • Durdurapatradi keram

External therapies forSeborrheic Dermatitis

  • Snehana(Massage)

Purificatory Therapies

  • Raktamokshana: Bloodletting therapy with Jalaukavacharan 
  • Nasya (nasal instillation of medicine) 

Single herbs used in Seborrheic dermatitis

  • Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri
  • Bhringaraj (Eclipta alba

  • Amalaki (Emblica officinalis)

Article Written By: Dr. Sahil Gupta, Ayurvedic Allergist

Frequently Asked Questions

Question: What isSeborrheic dermatitis?

Answer: Seborrheic dermatitis is a common skin condition that mainly affects your scalp. It causes scaly patches, red skin and stubborn dandruff. Seborrheic dermatitis can also affect oily areas of the body, such as the face, sides of the nose, eyebrows, ears, eyelids and chest

Question: What are the causes of Seborrheic dermatitis?

Answer: A yeast (fungus) called malassezia that is in the oil secretion on the skin and an irregular response of the immune system may be the probable causes.

Question: What is the Ayurvedic treatment for Seborrheic dermatitis?

Answer:    Ayurvedic classics have dealt with various procedures and medications including palliative and purificatory treatments to manage the disease Darunaka

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