Malnutrition (Kumarasosha)

अत्यह: स्वप्नशीताम्बुश्लैष्मिकस्तन्यसेविन: l
शिशो: कफेन्रुद्धेषुस्रोतस्सुरसवाहिषु ll


Malnutrition refers to the condition where the diet taken does not provide enough nutrients for optimal health. It can occur when a person gets too much or too little of some nutrients. Under-nutrition is a type of malnutrition where the body does not receive enough food. It can lead to delayed growth, reduced body weight etc. Sometimes there will be obesity associated with malnutrition.In some cases, it can become life threatening. In Ayurveda, the malnutrition observed in children is attributed to Kumarasosha. Dr. Gupta’s IAFA is a reliable Ayurvedic institute that provides the best treatment for various diseases. IAFA has a unique Ayurpediatric department focussing on uplifting and improving child health.

Causes of Malnutrition

Important causes of malnutrition include:

  • Inappropriate dietary habit
  • A low economic status
  • Difficulty in obtaining food
  • Various mental conditions like depression, dementia, schizophrenia, anorexia nervosa etc.
  • A low intake of food
  • Chronic illnesses
  • Alcohol Consumption

Some deficiencies can lead to malnutrition and related health problems. They include:

  • Lack of vitamin A
  • Lack of vitamin C
  • Overall deficiency

Ayurvedic reference of Malnutrition-Kumarasosha

Symptoms of Malnutrition

A malnourished person may experience following symptoms:

  • Tiredness
  • Irritability
  • Inability to concentrate
  • Lack of appetite or interest in food or drink
  • Cool feeling of body
  • Depression
  • Loss of fat, muscle mass, and body tissue
  • Longer healing time for wounds
  • Reduced immunity

In children, following symptoms are observed:

  • Lack of growth
  • Reduced body weight
  • Tiredness 
  • Lack of energy
  • Irritability 
  • Anxiety
  • Reduced behavioural and intellectual development

“Dr. Gupta’s IAFA is a genuine institute that provides ultimate Ayurvedic treatment and care. Institute of Applied Food Allergy® is a promising institute that assists its consumers with a complete health service system”. 

Be with IAFA and be a healthy person!!!


-Allergist, Dr. Sahil Gupta

Bachelor of Ayurveda Medicine & Surgery
Master’s in Health Administration

Diet in Malnutrition

Do’s (Pathya) in Malnutrition

  • A healthy, balanced diet
  • Plenty of fruit and vegetables
  • Plenty of rice, potatoes etc.
  • Milk and dairy products
  • Meat, fish, eggs
  • Ginger, lemon & honey
  • Eating goose berry with honey
  • Intake of fiber containing vegetables
  • Always take warm food
  • Light and easily digestible food
  • Frequent intake of lukewarm water
  • Mild exercise

Don’ts (Apathya) in Malnutrition

  • Excess water intake
  • Improperly cooked food
  • Intake of food before digesting previous meal
  • Drinking cold water
  • Bottled soft drinks and artificial juices
  • Intake of unfamiliar food items 
  • Day sleep
  • Mental stress of children
  • Over exercise

Yoga and Pranayama in Malnutrition

Practice of Yoga helps to improve digestive power. Yoga postures will be helpful in dropping the mental stress and also to empower the digestive system

  • Ardhamatsyendrasana
  • Jatara parivrithi
  • Savasana
  • Padmasana
  • Pavana muktasana
  • Marjaryasana
  • Bhujangasana 
  • Ananda Balasana

Pranayama is very effective in strengthening and controlling muscles of digestive system. 

Ayurvedic Treatment of Malnutrition

Ayurveda has detailed protocol for the management of malnutrition in children. It includes internal medicines, treatment procedures and use of single herbs.

Internal Medicines for Malnutrition

  • Indukantha Kashaya
  • Bala kulathadi Kashaya
  • Brahmi drakshadi Kashaya
  • Balamruta Arishta
  • Moolakadyarishta
  • Amalakarishta

  • Rajanyadi choorna
  • Ashta churna 
  • Vaiswanara choorna
  • Ardraka rasayana
  • Vilwadi lehya

External Medicines for Malnutrition

  • Lakshadi taila
  • Shashtika taila
  • Ashtapatradi choornam
  • Jeevanthyadi choornam

Treatment Procedures for Malnutrition

  • Abhyanga (Oil massage)
  • Swedana (sweating therapy)
  • Lepana (application of medicated paste)
  • Ksheera vasti (enema with medicated milk)

Single Herbs in the Management of Malnutrition

  • Aswagandha (Withania somnifera)
  • Vidari (Ipomea tuberosa)
  • Jeevaka (Mycrostylis wallichi)
  • Jeevanti (Leptadenia reticulata)

  • Bala (Sida cordifolia)
  • Ardraka (Zingiber officinale)
  • Amalaki (Emblicaoffcinalis)
  • Vilwa (Aeglemarmelos)

Article Written By: Dr. Sahil Gupta, Ayurvedic Allergist

Frequently Asked Questions

Question: What are the causes of Malnutrition?

Answer: Malnutrition is caused by inadequate nutrient enrichment in the body tissues required for maintaining normal health status.

Question: What are the symptoms of Malnutrition?

Answer: Symptoms of Malnutrition include tiredness, irritability, loss of body weight, reduced appetite, etc.

Question: Is Ayurvedic treatment effective in the management of Malnutrition?

Answer: Yes. Ayurveda provides a lot of medicines that help to increase digestive fire and to improve nutrient absorption by the body tissues. 

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