Bed Wetting (Shayyamutra)
अक्षीणपूर्वकंमूत्रयतिदोषप्रभावात् l l
Bed wetting is an embarrassing habit in some children where they are unable to control urination while asleep. It is also called nighttime incontinence or nocturnal enuresis. It is a part of child’s development and can be considered serious if a child beyond 7 years of age is still having this habit. The condition is slightly more common in boys than in girls. Though this is a distressing situation, a calm and composed approach is required for its management. Dr.Gupta’s IAFA is offering such a serene handling of bed wetting in children through Ayurveda. IAFA is the ultimate destination for such behavioral modifications of children. Ayurveda considers the condition of bed wetting as Shayyamutra. The word means urination on bed.
Causes of Bed Wetting
Though the exact reason is unknown, bedwetting may be caused by a variety of reasons as listed below:
- Genetic – Enuresis can get inherited through family
- Slow development of control over brain-bladder connection
- Reduced bladder capacity
- Increased production of urine by Kidneys.
- Type 1 Diabetes
- Sleep disorders
- Pressure over bladder by constipation
- Mental stress and anxiety
Ayurveda says that the reason for bedwetting is the abnormality with the Apana vata that controls the functions of evacuation of feces and urine. AlsoVata is responsible for controlling the mental functions. So, improper functioning of Vatadosha results in physical and psychological abnormalities.
Ayurvedic Reference of Bed Wetting-Shayyamutra
Types of Bedwetting
There are mainly 2 types of bedwetting. Treatment and care depend on the type of enuresis.
1. Primary nocturnal enuresis
Continuous bedwetting without any periods of dryness.
Causes of Primary Enuresis
- Bladder neck obstruction
- Psychosocial factors
- Genetic factors
- Sleep disorders
2. Secondary nocturnal enuresis
Restarting bedwetting after a break of 6 months of dry nights. It may be caused by some stressful events.
Causes of Secondary Enuresis
- Urinary tract infection
- Emotional and stressful conditions
- Birth of sibling
- Death in family
- Change in house
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Ayurvedic Allergy Specialist
CEO & Founder of IAFAⓇ
Diet in Bedwetting
- Nutritious diet
- Easily digestible food
- Peaceful family atmosphere
- Active games and play
- Proper child care
- Bladder training
- Regular urination before going to sleep
- Inadequate food
- Excess drinking of water at night
- Airconditioned room
- Stressful situations to child
- Unwanted blaming and strictness towards child
- Lack of care and compassion towards child
Yoga and Pranayama for Bedwetting
Certain yoga asanas (postures) help to strengthen the urinary system and to achieve urine control. Practice of such postures helps the children to get relief from bedwetting. Following yoga postures can be helpful:
- Surya namaskar
Pranayama helps to make the vitiated Vata under control. Since vata is directly involved in Bedwetting, pranayama helps a lot to relieve the condition. It also provides calmness to mind that reduces stress and anxiety.
Ayurvedic Treatment of Bedwetting
Bedwetting should be treated by considering the reason. If there are any underlying pathologies related to urinary, digestive or psychological system, it should be corrected. Treatment includes internal medicines as well as physical training to pass urine.
- Brahmi Ghrta
- Abhyanga (Oil massage)
- Avagaha (Hip bath)
- Siro Dhara (Pouring medicated liquids over forehead)
- Siro Pichu (Holding cotton immersed in medicated oil on scalp)
Single Herbs used in Bedwetting as per Ayurveda
- Bimbi moola (Root of Cocciniagrandis)
- Mandukaparni (Centellaasiatica)
- Brahmi (Bacopamonnieri)
- Aswagandha (Withaniasomnifera)
- Shloka No. 177, Rogaganana, Purvakhanta, Sarangadhara Samhita by Sarangadhara.
- Dr. Brahmanand Tripathi., 188. Vol. 7. Varanasi, Tikakar: Chaukhambha Surbharati Prakashan; 2001. Sarangdhara Samhita. Purva khand.
- Nighantu Dhanvantari, Sharma P.V. 1st ed. Varanasi (India): Chaukhambha Orientalia; 2004.
- Child Health and Ayurveda, Edition 2021, by Sahil Gupta, Bed Wetting Chapter No. 16, Page No. 71-74.
Article Written By: Dr. Sahil Gupta (B.A.M.S., M.H.A.)