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Agaru (Aquilaria Agallocha)

Agaru, Eagle Wood (Aquilaria Agallocha) - Benefits and Uses

Agaru is commonly known as Eagle Wood. It is also known as Aloe wood. Agaru is an evergreen large tree having a height of about 20 m. In India, it grows in hilly regions of the North East. The wood is infected by a type of fungi and becomes black in color and aromatic. This part of Agaru has medicinal values. It is also used in the preparation of perfumes and cosmetics.


Dr. Gupta’s IAFA® conducted various studies in Agaru to find out the therapeutic actions of the herb. Experts of IAFA® have successfully proven the actions like ulcer healing, analgesic, rejuvenating, anti-inflammatory properties of Agaru.

Actions of Agaru (Aquilaria Agallocha)

Agaru pacifies Vata dosha and Kapha dosha. As Agaru has aromatic properties, it is used to remove bad smells. It is also useful in various discomforts including allergies affecting ears and eyes. Agaru helps to alleviate pain also. It has an aphrodisiac and rejuvenating property.

Vernacular Names and Botanical Classification

Botanical name Aquilaria Agallocha
Family Thymelaeaceae
Native Names             
Sanskrit Name Agaru
Hindi Name Agar, Kalagar
English Name Eagle Wood, Agarwood, Aloeswood, Eaglewood
Malayalam Name Akil
Tamil Name Agaru, Agali Candana
Telugu Name Agaru, Agaru Chettu

Ayurvedic Reference of Agaru (Aquilaria Agallocha)

Agaru (Aquilaria Agallocha) - Benefits and Uses

Morphology of Agaru (Aquilaria Agallocha)

  • Large-sized tree
  • Leaves – linear-lanceolate and obovate oblong
  • Flowers are peduncled umbels, arising laterally from the younger branches

Geographical Distribution of Agaru (Aquilaria Agallocha)

Eastern Himalaya region, Assam, Manipur, etc.

Phytoconstituents of Agaru (Aquilaria Agallocha)

  • Volatile oils,
  • Resin

Parts Used of Agaru (Aquilaria Agallocha)

  • Heartwood
  • Oils

Dosage of Agaru (Aquilaria Agallocha)

  • Powder – 3-6gm 
  • Oil – 10-40 drops

Medicinal Properties of Agaru (Aquilaria Agallocha)

  • Twachya – Good for Skin
  • Vathaghna – Alleviates Vatha dosha
  • Kaphaghna – Alleviates Kapha dosha
  • Karnarogaghna – Alleviates Ear Diseases
  • Akshirogaghna – Alleviates Eye Diseases
  • Swasaghna – Alleviates Asthma
  • Rasayana – Rejuvenative
  • Dushtavrunaropana – Heals Ulcers
  • Durgandhanasaka – Removes Bad Smell

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Ayurvedic Allergy Specialist
CEO & Founder of IAFA®

Home Remedies of Agaru (Aquilaria Agallocha)

Agaru is used in India since ancient times. According to Acharya Charaka, it is used as a perfume, incense, etc. Agaru is used especially as an anti-microbial agent. Agaru can be used either alone or by combining with other medicinal herbs.  Suitable adjuvants should be added along with Agaru.

  • For Dhupana (fumigation) with Agaru has antimicrobial action – 5-gram Agaru is taken in an earthen pot, mix it with coconut fiber, and burn it. Once the smoke is settled we can fumigate the required area for five to ten minutes. This fumigation provides an antimicrobial activity.
  • Joint Inflammation – Agaru wood is powdered and made into a paste by adding warm water and applied externally.
  • Fever5-gram Agaru powder is taken, boiled in 1.5 glasses of water, and reduced to 1 glass to obtain Kwatha. This can be given internally in fever.
  • Giddiness – Agaru powder can be given with honey internally.
  • Hiccough and Asthma – About 600mg of Agaru powder is given along with Honey.
  • Skin Disorders – Taila (oil) is prepared using Agaru wood and applied externally at the site of skin disease.
  • Headache – Agaru is mixed with Ishwaramula and made into a paste. This is applied over the forehead for headaches.

Article Written By: Dr. Sahil Gupta (B.A.M.S., M.H.A.)

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