Constipation (Vibandha)

    विधारणादत्यशनात्अजीर्णाद्ध्यशनात्तथा l
    वर्चोर्वाहिनिदुष्यन्तिदुर्बलाग्ने: कृशस्यच ll

    Constipation - Causes, Symptoms, and Ayurvedic Treatment

    Constipation is a condition manifested by less frequent bowel movements or hard and dry stools. It is more common in children caused mainly by changes in dietary habits. In most of the cases, constipation will be cured by following a proper diet plan and mild exercises. In Ayurveda, the condition of constipation is clearly explained and is said to be treated properly in order to prevent complications. Vibandha or malasanga is the Ayurvedic term corresponding to constipation. Dr. Gupta’s IAFA has effective Ayurvedic treatment for constipation by analyzing the condition of each person. IAFA takes efforts for ensuring complete relief from constipation.

    Causes of Constipation

    Constipation is caused by the slow movement of waste products through the digestive tract. This slow movement makes the stool dry and hard. Then it will be very difficult to expel it out from the body. In children, the following factors are mainly responsible for constipation:

    • Dietary changes: Lack of enough fiber-rich food like fruits and vegetables or sufficient fluid may cause constipation in children. When a child’s diet is changed from liquid to solid foods, there are more chances to get constipated.
    • Allergy to dairy products: Allergy to cow’s milk or having a large number of milk products like cheese, butter, etc. can lead to constipation.
    • Suppression of urge to defecate: The child may avoid the urge to defecate because of fear of toileting or being uninterested to stop playing. Some children may be uncomfortable to use public toilets. Also, an incident of painful bowel movement may lead to withholding. 
    • Changes in daily routine: Changes in routine like travel, climate change or mental tension, etc. can affect bowel function. Children can also experience constipation during the beginning of their schooling.
    • Problems with toilet training:  If toilet training starts too early children may become hesitant and start to withhold the urge to defecate.
    • Family history: If family members are having constipated bowels, children will be more prone to have it.
    • Other clinical conditions: In rare cases, constipation may be a symptom of malformation in excretory organs, a problem with the metabolic or digestive system, or any other medical condition.
    • Use of medications: Certain medicines like antidepressants and others can cause constipation.

    Ayurveda suggests the reasons for constipation as suppression of urge for defecation, intake of food in large quantity, lack of digestive fire, etc. 

    Ayurvedic Reference of Constipation

    Symptoms of Constipation

    Following signs and symptoms may indicate constipation in children:

    • Hard and dry stools
    • Difficulty in passing feces
    • Pain during defecation

    • Abdominal pain
    • Less than three defecations in a week
    • The child may show changes in facial expression and body language while withholding feces

    Ayurveda explains symptoms of constipation as excretion of a small quantity of feces, difficulty in defecation, etc.

    “IAFA has effective Ayurvedic treatment for constipation by analyzing the condition of each person. IAFA takes efforts for ensuring complete relief from constipation. Institute of Applied Food Allergy® aims at spreading the power of genuine Ayurveda in managing various health issues that disturb your physical, mental and emotional life”.

    Keep IAFA close to your heart and experience a life of happiness and good health!!! 


    – Allergist, Dr. Sahil Gupta

    Bachelor of Ayurveda Medicine & Surgery
    Master’s in Health Administration

    Diet in Constipation

    Do’s (Pathya)

    • Old rice & wheat
    • Vegetarian diet with high fiber content
    • Fruits with high fiber content 
    • Gruel with green gram
    • Vegetable salads
    • Adequate intake of warm water
    • Light exercises
    • Enough sleep at night time
    • Toilet training at the proper age

    Don’ts (Apathya)

    • Spicy and fast food
    • Tubers like potato
    • Intake of non-vegetarian food especially chicken  
    • Fried food and bakery items 
    • Suppression of natural urges
    • Late night work
    • Lack of sleep at night
    • Straining during defecation
    • Day sleep

    Yoga and Pranayama in Constipation

    Yoga postures make the body more flexible and increase circulation to all body parts. There are many postures that support normal bowel movement and thereby help in proper defecation. Following Yoga postures will be extremely beneficial in relieving constipation.

    • Ardhamatsyendra asana
    • Salabhasana
    • Paschimottasana
    • Pawanamuktasana
    • Dhanurasana

    Pranayama is having wonderful effects in curing constipation. As physical and mental factors are equally important in the manifestation of constipation, pranayama will be extremely beneficial. Pranayama normalizes movement Vata in the body and helps to get relaxed from haunting stress and anxiety. This helps to get rid of constipation easily.

    Treatment of Constipation

    Ayurveda sees the condition of Constipation as crucial because chronic Constipation may lead to many other severe complications. So Ayurvedic management of Constipation includes effective medicines for internal as well as external purposes.

    Internal medicines include:-

    • Gandharvahasthadi Kashaya
    • Chiruvilwadi Kashaya
    • Indukantham Kashaya
    • Saptasaram Kashya
    • Abhayarishta

    • Pippalyasava
    • Brihat Thriphala Choorna
    • Trivrutleha
    • Kankayana Vati
    • Kalyanagula

    Treatment Procedures that relieves constipation

    • Virechana (Purgation) 
    • Vasti (Enema)
    • Abhyanga (Oil Massage)

    • Swedana (Steaming)
    • Phalavarthi (A type of rectal suppository)

    Single Herbs in the Management of Constipation

    • Hareethaki (Terminalia chebula)
    • Amalaki (Emblica officinalis)
    • Trivrut (Operculina turpethum)
    • Eranda (Ricinus communis)

    • Katuki (Picrorhiza kurroa)
    • Aragwadha (Cassia fistula)
    • Pippali (Piper longum)

    Article Written By: Dr. Sahil Gupta, Ayurvedic Allergist

    Frequently Asked Questions

    Question: What is Constipation?

    Answer: Constipation is a clinical condition manifested by infrequent bowel movement and excretion of dry and hard stools. This is more common in children.

    Question: What are the Causes of Constipation?

    Answer: Constipation is caused by many reasons like suppression of the urge to defecate, allergy to milk and milk products, intake of medications, lack of water intake, etc.

    Question: Does Ayurveda Ensure Cure from Constipation?

    Answer: Yes, Ayurveda has an effective cure for constipation. It includes internal medicines and external therapies to normalize the bowel movement.


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