Mukta (Pearl)

Mukta (Pearl) - The Astrological and Ayurvedic View


Mukta (Pearl) reflects peace and calmness. Mukta is mostly used to bring Mansika Shanti (mental peace) and well-being to the bearer. Mukta can be worn by anybody as it does not have any negative effects on the wearer. Mukta (pearl) strengthens the weakened Chandra (moon) and brings peace to its Dhaaraka (wearer), along with peace it also brings calmness, and courage and is worn especially by those with star signs of Mena, Sinha, Karka, and Dhanu Rashi (Pisces, Leo, Cancer, and Sagittarius). It is mostly used by those who easily get Krodhita (angry) and do not have any control over their Krodha (anger) and it is said to calm the person and lower their anger levels. Mukta (Pearl) has many benefits which are not just restricted to the Greha Shanti (astrological benefits) but also has many medical benefits as well. Some of both types of benefits are: Medically, it is very good for curing sleep diseases such as Anidra (insomnia) or somnambulism (sleepwalking), Kaphaj Kasa, Atisara, Alsaya, Agnimandya (Loss of appetite), Aruchi (Disinterest in food), Kamala (Jaundice), Chitudvega, Grehani, hydrophobia, Fear of animals with horns, problems concerning women, hallucinations. Mukta also helps to maintain body fluids and cure bladder disorders, cure hypertension, tuberculosis, heart problems, etc. Mukta exhibits a calming effect so helps to cure various mental disorders like depression, and stress improves memory, and also helps in enhancing the intelligence of the individuals. Due to its calming effect, it is also advised to wear a pearl as it gives the best result in people with anger issues and bad temper. Mukta provides Aatm Vishvas (self-confidence) to the wearer. Mukta along with helping people in the profession of counselors, psychologists, and public speakers are also considered the carrier of wealth, and fame and provide a luxurious lifestyle to the wearer.

Benefits of Mukta in Astrology

Ratna Indicated as per Astrological Science to Nullify the Maleficent Effect of Various Planets (Grahas) and to Treat the Roga (Disorders) Related to that Particular Planet.

Planet  Gem used
Sun (Surya) Manikya (Ruby)
Moon (Chandra) Mukta (Pearl)
Mars (Mangala) Vidruma (Coral)
Mercury (Buddha) Markat (Emerald)
Jupiter (Guru) Pushapraga (Topaz)
Venus (Shukra) Vajra (Diamond)
Saturn (Shani) Neelam (Blue sapphire)
Rahu  Gomeda (Hessonite)
Ketu  Vaidurya (Cat’s Eye Stone)


Diseases Induced by Maleficent Effects of Planets (Greha Roga) or Diseases Induced by Dushkarma (Sinfuldeeds) Done by the Rogi (Patient) i.e Karma Vipaka Siddhanta

Planet  Diseases Caused
Sun  Shoth (Inflammation in the body), Apsmar (Epilepsy), Paitikavikara, Jawara (Fever), Diseases of the eye, skin, and bone, rational fears, Bites from poisonous reptiles like snakes, weakening the digestive system, constipation causing.
Moon  Sleep diseases such as Anidra (insomnia) or somnambulism (sleepwalking), Kaphaj Kasa, Atisara, Alsaya, Agnimandya (Loss of appetite), Aruchi (Disinterest in food), Kamala (Jaundice), Chitudvega, Grehani, Hydrophobia, Fear of animals with horns, Problems concerning women, Hallucinations
Mars Trishna (Excessive thirst), Bilious disorders, Flatulence, Excessive fear of fire, Gulma, appendicitis, Kustha (Leprosy), eye disorder, Apsmar (Epilepsy), Rakta Vikara, Majja Vikar (Bone marrow diseases), Kandu (Itching), Ruksha Twaka (Rough skin).
Mercury Lack of self-confidence, Gala Rog (Throat problems like goiter, etc.), Nasagata Rog (Nose Diseases), Vata-Kaphaj Roga, Cold and Cough, Flatulence, Poisoning. Twaka Dosha (Skin diseases), Vicharchika. Jaundice.
Jupiter  Gulma, Appendicitis, Karan Vedna (an ear disease), Sanyas.

Frequent litigation, Problems with friends, parents, and relatives.

Venus  Pandu (Anaemia), Netra Roga (Disorders of the eye), Flatulence, Cough, Mutrakrich (Urinary disease), Prameha (Diabetes), Syphilis, Shukra-Vyapati (Low sperm count), Impotence, Dryness of Mouth, Constipation, Irrational fears.
Saturn  Flatulence, Cough, Pain in the legs, Excessive Fatigue, Illusion, Daha (Excessive heat in the body), Mental shocks, Personal calamities, and Accidents causing temporary or lasting wounds.
Rahu  Heart diseases such as an attack, Shotha (Inflammation), Kushtha (Leprosy), illusions, hallucinations, disease due to poisoning, excessive hurt, and wounds.
Ketu  Unknown mysterious diseases, cannot be easily found by doctors.

Mukta (Pearl)

Rashi or Zodiac Sign that Can Wear Pearl

According to the astrological sign, the people with the Chandra (moon) in a particular position in the horoscope can wear a Pearl to get maximum benefits.


The people with below mentioned Rashi or zodiac sign are recommended to wear Mukta (Pearls):


  • Karka Rashi (Cancer)
  • Mesha Rashi (Aries)
  • Meena Rashi (Pisces)
  • Vrishchika Rashi (Scorpion)
  • Dhanu Rashi (Saggitarius)

Which Mukta (Pearl) is Best to Use in Astrology (Jyotish Shastra)?

Various types of pearls are used some according to their origin or some according to their color like blue pearl, white pearl, etc. But for astrological use, most astrologers recommend using the Mukta (pearl) which has a saltwater origin. Commonly suggested pearls for astrological uses are as follows:


  • Saltwater Keshi pearls
  • Basra Pearls 
  • South sea pearls


Saltwater Keshi Pearl


Saltwater Keshi pearl is not exactly the type of Mukta (pearl) but it is the form of Mukta (pearl) with a specific shape. Saltwater Keshi is very lustrous and takes about seven to ten years to form.


Check out and buy our rare collection of Natural Seawater Keshi Pearls in Iafa…..


Basra Pearls


Basra pearls are the rarest pearls that are obtained from a specific place i.e from the Basra city of Iraq. Certification and verification of Basra pearl are very essential to get maximum benefits. 


So to get certified and verified Basra Pearl check out and buy our rare collection of Natural Basra Pearls in Iafa…..


South Sea Pearl


South sea pearls are the roundest and largest type of pearls. These pearls come from the seas of the Philippines, Indonesia, and Australia. A single piece of South Sea pearl takes five to seven years to form.


Check out and buy our rare collection of Natural South sea Pearls in Iafa…..

How to Wear Mukta (Pearls)?

As per the top astrologers’ pearls (Mukta) should be worn in such a way that it touches the skin (Tvak) of the wearer and should not be fully enclosed in the metallic part of the jewelry.

buy ayurvedic herbs online

Where to Wear Mukta (Pearl)?

Mukta (pearl) should be worn on the ring finger or in the form of a pendant.


In the old time, only royal people like kings and queens or Aadhya (rich) people wore obnoxiously expensive gemstones. But today over time they are becoming affordable to successful business people, celebrities, and even the regular population also able to buy gemstones. But the certification and verification of Gems are important otherwise one can not get its maximum benefits or it just remains a waste of money. 


So, check out the certified and verified Ratna (gemstones) and Uparatna (semi- precious stones) in the IAFA Store.

Synonyms of Mukta (Pearl)

Reference: Rasa Trangini 23/ 63

मुक्ता मुक्ताफलश्चैव मौक्तिक मौक्तिकेयकम्‌।

शुक्तिजं शौक्तिकियञ्च शशिरत्न शशिप्रियम।। 


Synonyms of Mukta are Mukta Phala, Mouktikeyaka, Suktija, Souktikeya, Sashi Ratna, Sashi Priya, Chandra Ratna, Chandana Priya, Saktmani, Ambhasara, Saumya.

Dr. Sahil Gupta Allergy Specialist

Have A Health Issue?

Consult Online

– Dr. Sahil Gupta (B.A.M.S., M.H.A.)

Ayurvedic Allergy Specialist
CEO & Founder of IAFA®

History of Mukta (Pearl)

For ages, we find references to Ratna and Upratna in Indian history. Mukta (pearl) has lured people of all centuries. We find references to ‘mukta’ in Srimadbhagavata, the stories of Mahabharata, and in the Brihat Samhita. From the period of Samhita, the therapeutic use of mukta was thought about. Later with the development of Rasa Shastra, the purification, incineration, Pishti preparation and the therapeutic utility of all gemstones were in practice. 


Origin of MuktaIt is said in Garuda Purana that when the sun moves into Suatinaksatra, the water drops that fall from the clouds get into the oyster shell and transform into pearls.


Atharva Veda – Mukla (pearl) is defined as a substance that provides the body freedom from diseases and difficulties, according to Atharva Veda. 


Cultured pearls are cultivated in China. The live oyster shells are opened, minute pieces of pearls are kept inside, and they are left into the sea. Later, after some time they are collected (on ripening of the pearl) and the pearls formed inside are obtained. Pearl is formed by pearl worms. They keep forming the layers on the nucleus. These layers are of two varieties i.e., one contains calcium carbonate (Ca Co3) and the other, conchiolin (C30H48N2O2). These are formed alternately one on another. Artificial pearls are made up of scrap from the oyster shell and so on.


भारतीयों का मुक्त विषयक ज्ञान प्राचीनतम है।  श्रीमद  भागवत गीता, महाभारत एवं अन्य पौराणिक  ग्रंथों  में मोती धारण  के अनेक  प्रसंग  उल्लिखित । आयुर्वेदीय चरक संहिता में मोती की पिष्टि बनाकर अनेक रोगों  में देने  का उद्धरण मिलता है। तब से लेकर आज तक इसका पिष्टि एवं भस्म रूप में निरन्तर प्रयोग चला आ  रहा  है। हज़ारों  वर्षों  से  मोती अपनी  शोभा, सौन्दर्य एवं गुणवत्ता की दृष्टि से प्रसिद्ध  है। पौराणिक  दृष्टि  से मोती को बालासुर दैत्य का टूटा हुआ दांत कहां गया है। सीप में स्वाति नक्षत्र की बूँद पड़ने से मोती बनता है।

Books Written by Dr. Sahil Gupta (B.A.M.S, M.H.A.)

Characteristics of Mukta (Pearl)

Mukta (pearl) is an organic gem. Chemically it is calcium carbonate (CaCO3) with a hardness of 2.5 to 3.5 and a specific gravity of 2.67-2.75. Mukta or Moti is a hard object produced within the soft tissue (specifically the mantle) of a living shelled mollusk. A Mukta (pearl) is made up of calcium carbonate in minute crystalline form, which has been deposited in concentric layers just like the shell of a mollusk. The Shreshta / Uttama Mukta (ideal pearl) is perfectly Vritta (round) and smooth, but many other shapes of Mukta (pearls) i.e., baroque pearls occur. The finest quality Prakritika Mukta (natural pearls) have been highly valued as Ratna (gemstones) and objects of beauty for many centuries and because of this, the word Mukta (pearl) has become a metaphor for something very fine, admirable, rare, and valuable.


  • मुक्ता श्वेत चमकदार, इन्द्धनुषी रंग बिखेरने वाला, गोल एवं मूदु प्राणिज रत्न है। यह चन्द्रग्रह का प्रतिनिधि रत्न है। समुद्र एवं बड़े जलाशयों में पलने वाले सीप के खोल के अन्दर के भाग में मौलस्का जाति के जन्तु द्वार उत्तेजनावस्था में निकाले गये स्राव से ही कालान्तर में मोती का निर्माण होता है। यदि सीप के अन्दर दैववशात्‌ कोई सूक्ष्म बालू आदि का कण प्रविष्ट हो जाय तो उसके चारों ओर उस स्राव का स्तर बनने लगता है। 
  • यह स्तर संगमरमर के द्रव्य एवं कांचिओलीन द्रव्य का होता हैं इस निर्माण प्रक्रिया में एक के बाद दूसरा स्तर क्रमशः बनता रहता है। रासायनिक दृष्टि से यह कैल्शियम, कार्बन और ऑक्सीजन तत्त्व होता है। इस प्रकार एक के बाद दूसरे असंख्य स्तरों द्वारा यह बड़े आकार का हो जाता है। जब शुक्ति के अन्दर का जीव मृत हो जाता है तब शुक्ति (सीप) को फाडकर अथवा जीवित ही पकड़ कर उबालकर इसका मांस निकाल कर अन्दर से मोती प्राप्त कर लेते है।
  • मोती के स्तर की संरचना की तुलना प्याज से की जा सकती है। जिसमें एक के ऊपर दूसरा इस प्रकार असंख्य पटल मोती में होते है। इन पटलों पर जब प्रकाश की किरणे पड़ती है तो वे किरणे अलग-अलग स्तरों में परिवर्तित होकर देखने वाले के नेत्र को अत्यन्त प्रभावित करती है। और देखने वाले को यह सुंदर प्रतीत होती  है।  
  • इन स्तरों कि निर्माण काल में मध्य में कोई अपारदर्शक पदार्थ आ जाने से मुक्ता वक्र, विषम आकृति एवं दोषयुक्त हो  जाता  है।  अम्ल  आदि  के संसर्ग  में भी  इनकी  आकृति एवं चमक  विकृत  हो जाती है।  अतः मोती से बने आभूषणों की रेशम, मखमल आदि की बनी गद्दी  की डिब्बियों में रखा जाता है । जिससे अधिक समय तक इनकी सुन्दरता कायम रहती है।

Mukta (Pearl) Yoni (Source)

Reference: Brihat Samhita. 80/ 1

द्विपभुजग शुक्तिशंखा भ्रवेणुतिमिसूकरक्प्रसूतानि। 

मुक्ताफलानि तेषां बहुसाधु च शुक्तिज॑ भवति।। 

Reference: Ayurveda Parkasha. 5/ 13

शुक्ति: शंखो गज: क्रोडः फणी मत्स्यश्च दर्दुर:। 

वेणुश्चाष्टी समाख्याताः सुचैर्मौक्तिकयोनयः।। 


Eight Yoni (Sources) of Mukta are Mentioned in classics depending on their origin:


  • Sukti mukta (from cowry)
  • Sankha mukta (from conch)
  • Gaja mukta (from elephant)
  • Kroda mukta (from swine)
  • Phani mukta (from a snake)
  • Matsya mukta (from fish)
  • Dardura mukta (from frog)
  • Venu mukta (from bamboo)


However, only the first variety Sukti mukta is practically in use.


Two Types of Mukta are also Mentioned Depending on the Source:


  • Natural Pearl (Prakrta Mukta) –
  • Cultured pearl (Samvardhita Mukta) – Cultured pearls are of further two types:
  • Naturally cultured.
  • Prepared from glass or plastic.


मुक्ता की योनि:


  • शुक्ति 
  • शंख
  • गज 
  • सूअर
  • सर्प 
  • मत्स्य
  • मेंढ़क
  • बाँस


ज्योतिष ग्रन्थों एवं रसग्रन्थों में मुक्ता की आठ योनियाँ बतायी है। सम्प्रति सीप से उत्पन्न मोती का ही अधिक प्रचलन है।


मुक्ता के भेद- प्राकृत एवं कृत्रिम भेद से मुक्ता दो प्रकार का होता है:-


  • प्राकृत- प्राकृतिक रूप से छिछले समुद्र में मुक्ताशुक्ति में किन्हीं सूक्ष्मकणों के प्रविष्ट होने से मोती बनते है।
  • कृत्रिम- मुक्ता शुक्ति को पहले से खोलकर उसमें कुछ सूक्ष्म कणों को बाहर से प्रविष्ट कराके, शुक्ति को बन्द करके कुछ काल के लिए समुद्र में छोड़ दिया जाता है। पश्चात्‌ शुक्ति को निकाल के खोलकर मोती पृथक्‌ किये जाते हैं।

Grahaya Lakshana of Mukta (Pearl)

Nine characters of Mukta for selection

Reference: Rasa Ratna Sammuchya. 4/ 13

ह्वादि श्वेत लघु स्निग्धं रश्मिव निर्मलं महत्‌।

ख्यातं तोयप्रभ॑ वृत्तं मौक्तिक नवधाशुभम्‌।।

Reference: Rasa Tarangini. 23/ 64

चन्द्रोदभासि स्थूलमत्यन्तरम्यं स्निग्धं वृत्त निव्रणम निर्मल यत्‌।

धत्ते न्यस्त॑ यतुलायां गुरुत्व॑ प्राज्ञेरुक्त मौक्तिकं तनु जात्यम्‌।। 

Reference: Ayurveda Parkasha. 5/ 95

नक्षत्राभ॑ वृतमत्यन्तमुक्त॑ स्निग्धं स्थूल॑ निर्मल निव्रणम च।

न्यस्त॑ धत्ते गौरवं यततुलायां तन्नि्मौल्य मौक्तिक॑ सौख्यदायि।। 


The Mukta (pearl) which has pleasing radiance (hladi or ahladana) which is Shweta (white) Laghu (light weighted) Snigdha, as bright as sun rays, crystal clean and bigger in size. Pearl which is filled with water, and which possesses a round body such a sample of Mukta with above said nine characters is considered fit and selected for pharmaceutical purposes. 


ग्राह्म मुक्ता- श्वेत, लघु, स्निग्ध, निर्मल, कान्तिमान, देखते ही मन को प्रसन्न करने वाला, बडा, पानीदार एवं वृत्त-इन नव गुणों वाला मोती शुभ एवं ग्राह होता है।

Agrahaya Lakshana of Mukta (Pearl)

Characters for rejection of Mukta (Pearl)

Reference: Rasa Ratna Sammuchya. 4/ 16

रुक्षांग निर्जलं श्याव॑ ताप्राभ॑ लवणोपमम। 

अर्ध शुभ्र्मच विकट ग्रंथिल॑ मौक्तिक त्यजेत।। 

Reference: Rasa Trangini. 23/ 66

दीर्घम पार्श्वकृशं रूक्ष त्यस्त्रं श्यामञ्च स व्रणम्‌।

हतप्रभ॑ क्षुद्रकायं मौक्तिकं हेयमीरितम्‌।। 

Reference: Ayurveda Parkasha. 5/ 96

यद्विच्छायं मौक्तिकं व्यंगकायं शुक्तिस्पर्श रक्‍ततां चाति धत्ते:।

मत्स्याक्षीकं रूक्षमुत्ताननिम्न॑ नैतद्धार्य धीमता असौख्यदायि।। 


The Mukta which has long uneven body and thin edges, which is rough, which possesses many angles, which has blackish shade and aberrations, which has less or no radiance and which is in the form of small particles, such a sample of Mukta is considered unfit for therapeutic purposes and is rejected as Agrahya Mukta.


अग्राह्म मुक्ता:- रूक्ष स्पर्श, निर्जल, श्याव, ताम्र  आभा युक्त ,लवण सदृश , अर्ध शुभ्र, टेढ़ामेढ़ा और गांठ युक्त मुकता त्याज्य होता है।   

Mukta Aayu (Lifespan of Mukta)

Reference: Rasa Jala Niddhi. 3/ 4, Ratna Dhatu Vigyana

न जरां यान्ति रत्नानि मौक्तिकं विद्रुमं बिना।


Though the gemstones of mineral origin are eternal, the Exception is Mukta (pearl) which has a limited lifespan, and also Vidruma – coral. After a few years, it grows old and eventually loses its character.


मुक्ता प्रवाल की आयु- कुछ समय पश्चात्‌ काल प्रभाव से मुक्ता व प्रवाल खराब हो जाते है। किन्तु अन्य रत्नों पर काल का प्रभाव नहीं होता है।

Mukta Aayu After Dharana (Life Span of Mukta After Assumption)

Reference: Astrologer Prakasha Prasada – Jyotish Evam Sadhna Parkasha


Mukta is Gem for the planet moon (Chandra) and its life span after assumption is two and half years, after that it loses its Prabhava on the beholder.

Occurrence or Places of Availability of Mukta (Pearl)

Naturally, pearls (Mukta) have been harvested from the Persian Gulf, The Gulf of Mannar (Indian Ocean), and the red sea for thousands of years. Both freshwater and saltwater pearls are cultivated in China and Japan. Basra in Iraq, Iran, Arabian sea, Persia, Muscat (Shvetam snigidhanativa Bandhu Rataram Syat Parasikodbhavam – The pearl obtained from Parsika is white, smooth, and solid), Australian sea, Sri Lanka, Jamnagar and Rameswaram in India. Hyderabad in A.P. is a good market for pearls.    


मुक्ता के प्राप्ति स्थान- ईरान, ईराक, जापान, श्री लंका, चीन, आस्ट्रेलिया, फिलीपींस, इटली, अफ्रीका, मेक्सिको तथा भारत के रामेश्वर, जामनगर आदि छिछले समुद्रों से अल्पमात्रा में प्राप्त होता है।

buy ayurvedic herbs online

Mridutva (Softness) of Mukta

Reference: Rasa Jala Niddhi. 3/ 4

नायसोल्लिख्यते रत्न॑ हित्वा मौक्तिक विद्रुमौ।

पाषाणेनापि च प्रायः इति रत्नविदो जगुः।। 


मुक्ता का मृदुत्व- मुक्ता एवं प्रवाल को छोड़कर अन्य किसी भी रत्न पर लौह या पत्थर से नहीं लिखा जा सकता है। किन्तु मुक्ता एवं प्रवाल को छोड़करअन्य रत्नो  से लोहों पर लिखा जा सकता है।

Dosha and Dushprabhava of Mukta

Reference: Ayurveda Parkasha. 5/ 62- 63

दोषान्‌ पञ्च लघून गुरूश्च चतुरः षट्चैव दोषेतरान।

छायास्त्रित्वमिता गृणन्ति सुधियो मुक्तामणौ ते पुनः ।

दीर्घ पार्श्वकृशं त्रिवृतमपि च त्रयस्त्रम  ततः कापिल॑

पश्चैते खलु मौक्तिकेषु गदिता दोषास्तु साधारणाः।

नाम्नैवोदितलक्षणाः पुनरमी विच्छिन्तरग्योगिता 

दौर्भाग्य प्रभुता विनाश लघुताकौलीनताकारिण।। 


Mukta has four Maha Dosha and six Sadharana Dosha. Mukta with Dosha originates from pearls with side effects.


Dosha Evam Dusprabhava are as follows: 


  • शुक्ति खण्ड – कष्टदायक 
  • मत्स्याक्ष – पुत्र नाशक
  • जठर – मृत्युदायक 
  • विद्रुम छाया – दारिद्र कारक 
  • त्रिवृत – सौभाग्य नाशक 
  • चिप्पिट – अकीर्तिकर 
  • कृश प्रज्ञा – विध्वंसकार   
  • त्रास – सौभाग्य क्षय कारक    
  • कृश पार्श्व – निरुद्योग कारक   
  • आवर्त – सर्व सम्पति नाशक 

Precautions During Wearing Mukta (Pearl)

Due to the quick effect of ordinary acidic substances on the Mukta, its luster is destroyed. Even a normal rub or hit can break a pearl. Therefore, care should be taken while wearing it.


मुक्ता के लिए सावधानी- मुक्ता पर साधारण अम्ल पदार्थों का शीघ्र प्रभाव होने से उसकी चमक नष्ट हो जाती है। सामान्य रगड या प्रहार से भी मोती टूट जाता है। अतः पहनने पर सावधानी रखनी चाहिए।

Specter of Pearl (Chhaya of Mukta)

Reference: Ayurveda Parkasha. 5/ 65

च्छायास्तु त्रिविधा: स्मृता मधु सिता श्रीखण्ड खण्ड श्रिय:।। 


मोती में मधु सदृश, मिश्री सदृश एवं श्रीखण्ड सदुश तीन प्रकार की छाया होती है। इनमें श्रीखण्ड सदश छाया वाला मोती उत्कृष्ट माना जाता है।

Purification of Pearl (Shodhana of Mukta)

First purification method

Reference: Rasa Trangini. 23/ 67

जयन्ती स्वरसेनेह दोलायन्त्रविधानत: |

यामैक॑ सतत स्विन्न॑ मौक्तिकं शुद्धिमाप्नुयात।। 


The roughly pounded Mukta is tied in a Pottali and subjected for 3 hours (one yama) of Swedana in Dolayantra by keeping Jayanti Swarasa as liquid media. Later the drug is dried and stored in an airtight container as Suddha mukta for use.


मुक्ता का शोधन- दोला यन्त्र विधि से मुक्ता को जयन्ती पत्र स्वरस में 3 घण्टे तक स्वेदन करने पर शुद्ध हो जाता है। फिर इसे स्वच्छ जल से प्रक्षालन कर सुरक्षित रखें।


Second purification method

Reference: Rasa Trangini. 23/ 68

अगस्त्यद्रवयोगेन याम॑ स्विन्रमनारतम्‌ । दोलायन्त्रे पोट्टलीस्थ॑ शुद्धिमायाति मौक्तिकम्‌।। 


The roughly pounded Mukta is tied in a Pottali and subjected for 3 hours (one Yama) of Swedana in Dolayantra by keeping Agastya Patra Swarasa as liquid media. Later the drug is dried and stored in an airtight container as Suddha Mukta for further use.


Third Purification Method

Reference: Rasa Trangini. 23/ 69

सुराप्रदीपवहिंना शरावगं तु मौक्तिकम् सुधोदकेन पाचित॑ विशुद्धिमेत्यनुत्तमाम्।। 


The required quantity of Mukta is taken in a clean glass beaker placed over a tripod stand. It is added with enough quantity of Suddha Jala (lime water). Now an ignited spirit lamp is placed below the tripod stand and the content in the beaker is boiled for two to three hours. Later, when the colon is it’s own the drug is collected, dried, and stored as Suddha Mukta for further use. 

Incineration of Mukta (Pearl) or Bhasmikarana / Marana of Mukta

First Incineration Method

Reference: Rasa Trangini. 23/ 71

मुक्ताफलन्तु तरुणीपरिस्रुतजलान्वितम्‌।

पिष्टं त्रिवारं पुटित॑ मृतिमाप्नोत्यनुत्तमाम।। 

विमलं मौक्तिक गव्यपयसा परिपेषितम्‌।

त्रिधा लघुपुटे पक्‍च॑ मृत स्याच्छशिसुन्दरम्‌।।


The required quantity of Suddha Mukta is taken in a clean Khalva Yantra. It is carefully pounded and triturated to bring it in fine powder form. This powder is added with equal quantities of Gulaba Jala (Tarani ParsitaJala), triturated thoroughly, and later dried under the hot sun. The dry powder obtained is enclosed in Sarava Samputa and subjected to one Laghuputa. This entire procedure is repeated 3 times to obtain an appropriately prepared Mukta Bhasma. Later it is stored in a suitable airtight container for further use.


मुक्ता का मारण- शुद्ध मुक्ता को सिमाक पत्थर के खल्व में रखकर चूर्ण करके गुलाब जल की भावना देकर टिकिया बनाकर सुखायें। फिर शराव सम्पुट कर लघु पुट में पाक करें। इस प्रकार तीन बार करने पर मुक्ता की श्वेतवर्ण की अति सूक्षम भस्म हो जाती है। इसी तरह मुक्ता को गोदुग्ध से भावित कर तीन लघुपुट देने पर श्वेतवर्ण की भस्म हो जाती है।


Second incineration method

Reference: Rasa Trangini. 23/ 70

विमल मौक्तिक गव्यपयसा परिपेषितम्‌ । त्रिधा लघु पुटे पक्वं मृतं स्यात शशि  सुंदरम।।  


The required quantity of Suddha Mukta is taken in a clean Khalva Yantra, It is carefully pounded and triturated to bring it in fine powder form. This powder is added with equal quantities of Godugdha, triturated thoroughly, and later dried under the hot sun. The dry powder obtained is enclosed in Sarava samputa and subjected for one Laghuputa. This entire procedure is repeated 3 times to obtain an appropriately prepared Mukta Bhasma, which will be as bright as the full moon. Later it is stored in a suitable airtight container for further therapeutic use.  

Mukta Pishti

Siddha mukta is taken in a clean Khalva Yantra and triturated to obtain it in fine powder form. It is added with the desired quantity of Gulaba jala (rose water) and triturated thoroughly for 3 days to obtain a very fine white-colored powder with rose fragrance. It is later stored in a suitable airtight container like Mukta Pishti. It is therapeutically more used in comparison with Mukta bhasma.


मुक्ता पिष्टि- शुद्ध मुक्ता को सिमाक पत्थर के खल्व में डालकर चूर्ण करके गुलाब जल के साथ तीन दिनों तक मर्दन करने पर उत्तम पिष्टि बन जाती है। जिससे गुलाब पुष्प की अच्छी महक उठती है। इसकी पिष्टि अधिक उपयोगी है।

Mukta Properties: (Bhasma and Pishti)

Reference: Rasa Tarangini. 23/ 72- 74

मौक्तिकं वृष्यमायुष्यं मधुरं शिशिरं परम ।

दीपनं दाहशमनं नेत्रय॑ वर्ण्य च कीर्तितम्‌।।

जीर्णज्वरप्रशमन त्वस्थिदन्तविवर्द्धनम्‌।

हृद्यं मेहहरम मेध्यं दन्तोद्भेदज्वरापहम्‌।। 

मौक्तिकं क्षयापहम श्वास कास परिकोप नाशनम।   

अस्थिशोषशमनं विषापहं देहवीर्यबलबुद्धि वर्ध्नम।।  


Properly prepared Mukta Bhasma is a good aphrodisiac and provides longevity. It possesses Madhura Rasa and Sita Virya. It improves the appetite, brings down the burning sensation in limbs and the body, improves eyesight, and enhances skin radiance. It is useful in Jirna- Jwara strengthens bones and teeth, strengthens cardiac muscles, and is indicated in Prameha Roga. It improves the intellect and cures the fever during teething time. It is indicated in Kshaya Roga, Swasa, Kasa, and Asthi- Sosha. It nullifies the influence of poisons over the body. It is an aphrodisiac; it improves physical strength and intellect.


रसतरंगिणी के अनुसार मोती वृष्य, आयुष्य, शीत, दीपन, दाहशामक, वर्णकर, हृद्य, बल्य और मेध्य होता है। यह शरीर में वीर्य, बल एवं बुद्धि को बढ़ाने वाला है तथा  जीर्ण ज्वर, प्रमेह, क्षय, श्वास, कास और  विष  नाशक है । अस्थियों एवं दांतो का पोषण करने वाला एवं बच्चों के दन्तोद्धव ज्वर में बहुत सहायक होता है। 

Reference: Rasa Ratna Sammuchya. 4/ 15, 17

मुक्ताफलं लघु हिम॑ मधुरञ्च कान्ति दृष्ट्यिग्निपुष्टिकरण विषहारि भेदि।

वीर्यप्रदं जलनिधेजनिता च शुक्तिर्दीप्त च पक्तिरुजमाशु हरेदवश्यम्‌।।

कफपित्तक्षयध्वंसि कासश्वासाम्निमान्द्यनुत्‌।

पुष्टिद वृष्यमायुष्यं दाहष्न॑ मौक्तिक॑ मतम्‌।।


Mukta is sweet, cold, and light in virtue. It is beneficial for eyesight and stimulates digestive fire. It acts as an antidote for various poisons, semen enhancers, and gastrointestinal stimulators, and quickly destroys the diseases of the digestive system. It is used in Kaphapitta, Kashaya, Kaasa, Shvaas, Agnimand Nashaka, Pushtikar, Vrishya, Ayushya, and Dahanashaka.


यह मधुररस, शीतवीरण एवं लघु होती है। यह दृष्टि एवं अग्नि को पुष्टि देने वाली, विषप्रभावनाशक, दोषदुष्टिभेदक, वीर्य वर्धक, जठरग्नि प्रदीपक, पाचन संस्थान के रोगों को शीघ्र एवं निश्चित रूप से नष्ट करने वाली होती है। यह कफपित्त, क्षय, कास, श्वास, अम्निमांदनाशक, पुष्टिकर, वृष्य, आयुष्य और दाहनाशक होती है।

Dosage and Usage of Mukta (Pearl)

Reference: Rasa Tarangini. 23/ 75

आरभ्य गुज्जापादांशाद गुज्जैकप्रमित॑ मृतम्‌।

मौक्तिक विनि युज्जित बलकालाद्यपेक्षया।।


Quarter Ratti to one Ratti (31 to 125 mg) is the general dose of Mukta Bhasma. However, the dosage has to be finalized after thorough consideration of all the relevant factors that affect the dosage. 


Reference: Rasa Tarangini. 23/ 75- 80


  • Mukla Bhasma / Pishti along with rasa sindura alleviates fever that occurs during the teething stage. 
  • Mukta Bhasma, pravala bhasma, purified mercury, and sulfur are ground along with lemon juice and subjected to mild incineration. The outcome is taken in the dose of 200 mg. for one month regularly, to overcome severe phthisis. 
  • Mukta Bhasma along with an equal quantity of Pravala bhasma is used to strengthen the lungs. Mukta Bhasma taken along with Katuki (Picrorhiza kurroa) and Gairika (ochre) cures severe hiccups.


It is difficult to differentiate Mukta bhasma from other bhasmas of Sudh & Varga material like pravala, sankha, shukti, varatika, etc., Dr. Namburi Hanumanta Rao has found that it can be differentiated separately by the charred smell that comes on heating it which is characteristic only to Mukta bhasma.


मुक्ता भस्म एवं पिष्टि की मात्रा- १/ ४ रत्ती से 1 रत्ती

Anupana (Adjuvant / Vehicle) for Use of Mukta

Honey, butter, cream, or any other suitable medicine.


अनुपान- मधु, घृत, दूधादि ।

Important Formulations of Mukta (Pearl)

Mukta Bhasma, Mukta Pishti, Muktadi churna, Muktapanchamrita Rasa, Chaitanyodaya Rasa, Chintamani Rasa, Suvarnamultadi Gutika, Hikkantaka rasa, Maha kalyanavati, Svasa Kasa chintamani Rasa, Slesmantaka Rasa, Mriganka rasa, Vasantamalati Rasa, Hamsapottali rasa, Hiranyagarbha Pottali Rasa, Yogendra rasa etc.


योग-मुक्ता के प्रमुख 5 योग


  • मुक्ता पंञ्च अमृत  
  • बसन्तमालती रस
  • बृहद कस्तूरी भैरव रस
  • बसन्ततिलक रस 
  • ग्रहणीकपाट रस

Recent Research on Mukta (Pearl)

  • VS, Gawade & MK, Shelar. (2021). A Review on Mukta Ancient Drug. JOURNAL OF PHARMACY AND EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE. 01. 10. 51521/ JPEM. 2021. 1102.   
  • Joshi N, Sharma K, Peter H, Dash MK. Standardization, and quality control parameters for Mukta Bhasma (calcined pearl). Anc Sci Life. 2015 Jul-Sep; 35 (1): 42- 51. doi: 10. 4103/ 0257- 7941. 164542. PMID: 26600667; PMCID: PMC 4623633.
  • Sreejith R Dr; From 5th World Ayurveda Congress 2012 Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India. 7- 10 Dec 2012. PA01. 62. Mukta- Shukti Bhasma; nectar for acid peptic disorders, w. s.  r to its anti-ulcer activity – an experimental study. Anc Sci Life. 2012 Dec; 32 (Suppl 1): S112. PMCID: PMC 3800866.   
  • Sharma R, Prajapati PK. Nanotechnology in medicine: Leads from Ayurveda. J Pharm Bio allied Sci. 2016 Jan- Mar; 8 (1): 80- 1. doi: 10. 4103/ 0975-7406. 171730. PMID: 26957877; PMCID: PMC 4766787.
  • Pal D, Sahu CK, Haldar A. Bhasma: The ancient Indian nanomedicine. J Adv Pharm Technol Res. 2014 Jan; 5 (1): 4- 12. doi: 10. 4103/ 2231- 4040. 126980. PMID: 24696811; PMCID: PMC 3960793.
  • Sangu PK, Kumar VM, Shekhar MS, Chagam MK, Goli PP, Tirupati PK. A study on Tailabindu pariksha – An ancient Ayurvedic method of urine examination as a diagnostic and prognostic tool. Ayu. 2011 Jan; 32 (1): 76-81. doi: 10. 4103/ 0974- 8520. 85735. PMID: 22131762; PMCID: PMC 3215423.
  • Nitin, Dubey & Dubey, Nidhi & Mehta, Rs & Saluja, Ajay Kumar & Jain, Dk & Indore, D. (2009). Antiulcer Activity of a Traditional Pearl Preparation: Mukta Bhasma. Res J Pharm Technology.


  • Dr. Indradeva Tripathi, Rasaratna Samuchhaya of Vagbhatacharya, 4/8, Hindi translation, 3rd edition, published by Chaukhamba Sanskrit Bhawan, K 37/116, Gopal Mandir Lane, Varanasi – 221 001.
  • Dr. Harishankar Pathak, editor, ‘Jatak Parijat’ of Daivagya Vaidyanath, 2/21, Hindi translation, 1st edition, published by Chaukhamba Surabharati, Varanasi – 221001, 2012.
  • Harishankar Pathak, editor, ‘Faladipika’ of Mantreshwara, 2/29, 1st edition, Hindi translation, published by Chaukhamba Surabharati, Varanasi – 221001.
  • Dr. Vilas Dole, Dr. Parkasha Paranjpe, A textbook of Rasa Shastra, reprinted 2016, Chaukambha Sanskrit Pratishthana, Delhi.
  • Dr. Ravinder Angadi, A textbook of Rasa Shastra, Iatro- Chemistry and Ayurveda Pharmaceutics, First edition, Chaukambha Surbharti Parkashana, Varanasi.
  • P. Himsagara Chandra Murthy, Rasa- Shastra, the Mercurial system, Chaukambha Sanskrit series office, Varanasi.
  • Dr. Damodara Joshi, Rasa Amritam, Chaukambha Sanskrit Sansthana, Varanasi.

Article Written By: Dr. Sahil Gupta (B.A.M.S., M.H.A.)

Google Reviews

Based on 97 reviews
powered by Google

Query Form

    Ask Our Ayurvedic Allergist


    +91 96121-80000


    Book on Ayurvedic Aspects of Allergies and Fungal Infections.

    Book on Child Health and Ayurveda.

    Follow Us

    Follow us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter Subscribe us on Youtube Contact us on WhatsApp

    Leave a Reply

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

    Not satisfied with the information? Please send us your feedback at

    Read More Articles

    Read More Articles

    Read More Articles

    Our Products

    No items found

    Read More Articles

    Read More Articles

    Read More Articles

    Read More Articles

    error: Content is protected !!
    Dr. Sahil Gupta's Online Consultation is Available from Morning 5:30 AM to Afternoon 1:00 PM, Monday to Saturday, in accordance with Indian Standard Time (IST).