Home Herbs A to Z Maricha (Piper nigrum)

Maricha (Piper nigrum)

Maricha - Piper nigrum

Maricha is commonly known as “Black pepper”. The value of Maricha gave the pet name called “Black gold”. It is a glabrous climber commonly seen all over the South India and Western coast of India. The brown or brownish black dry seeds of this plant in powder form are effectively used in different diseases including worm infestations and allergies.

 

Several experimental studies being conducted by Dr. Gupta’s IAFA on the effects of Maricha and proven that it is a good stimulant, carminative, stomachic, appetizer, vermifuge, anti-oxidant, anti-bacterial, anti-tumor, anti-mutagenic, anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory and antiallergic. White pepper is also used in medicine in clinical conditions like eye diseases and as an anti poisonous drug. Many studies have been conducted to determine the effect of black pepper on allergies. These studies has shown some significant results like the inhibition of histamine release from the mast cells plays an important role in the mechanism of anti-allergic effects. On examination of histamine release inhibitory activity of Piper nigrum extract has shown that Piper nigrum extract has in vivo anti-allergic effect against allergy and in vitro inhibitory activity on histamine release from peritoneal mast cells. Thus this drug can effectively be used in various allergic conditions. 

Action of Piper nigrum or Maricha in Allergies

Phytoconstituents naturally found in Piper nigrum are 5-9% alkaloid, 1-2.5% volatile oil, 6% pungent resin, piperidine and starch. These chemicals do different actions in body like carminative, stomachic, appetizer, vermifuge, anti-oxidant, anti-bacterial, anti-tumor, anti-mutagenic, anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory and anti allergic activities. 

 

Allergic reactions are mediated mainly by Histamine H1 receptor (H1 R) and Histadine Decarboxylase(HDC) genes. It has been known that the inhibition of histamine release from the mast cells plays an important role in the mechanism of anti-allergic effects. Piper nigrum extract contain piperidine and has in vivo anti-allergic effect against allergy and in vitro inhibitory activity on histamine release from rat mast cells. Thus this drug can effectively be used in various allergic conditions. 

Vernacular Names and Botanical Classification

Botanical namePiper Nigrum Linn.
FamilyPiperaceae
Vernacular Names
Hindi name Kali Mirch, Mirch, Gul Mirch, Gol Mirch, Choco mirch
Sanskrit nameUshana, Krishna, Suvrutta, Shakanga, Vantari, Shirovrutta, Kofaka, Village, Dharmapattana, Maricha, Yavanestha
English name Black Pepper, Common Pepper, Pepper
Malayalam name Muthanga
Tamil nameMilagu
Bengali nameGolmarich, Vellajung, Murichung, Kolukung, Maricha, Kala maricha
Marathi nameMirin, Kalamiri
Punjabi nameGalmirch
Kannada nameKari Manesu, Kalu Menasu, Olle Menasu
Telgu nameMiriyalu, maricha, shavyamu
Malayalam nameNalla muluka, Kurumulaku, Lada, Nallamulaku
Urdu nameFilfil Yah, Kali Mirch
Arabian nameFilfil aswad
Persian nameFilfile siyah, Pilpil, Filfile aswad

Ayurvedic Reference of Maricha

Parts Used of Piper nigrum or Maricha

Fruit, Dried Unripe Fruits, known as Peppercorns (Black pepper)

Preparations and Dosage of Piper nigrum or Maricha

  • Powder: 250 mg to 2 grams in divided doses per day.
  • Paste: for external uses as a single ingredients or in combination with other herbs
  • Oil: for external uses
  • Decoction: for external uses as gargles

Medicinal Properties and Uses of Piper nigrum or Maricha

  • Food allergy: because of its Chedana (cutting) and Shoshana) drying effects, it increases digestive fire (agni) and balances Kapha and Vata Dosha
  • Chest and nasal allergy- it alleviates kapha doshas caused due to vitiated vata dosha 
  • Cardiac disorders: helps to prevent blood arthrosclerosis 
  • Hypothyroidism: helps to stimulate thyroid gland along with other herb like trikatu choornam due to its teekshan property. 
  • Colon cleanser: it has scrapping effect over the intestine thus inducing cleansing effect.
  • Obesity management: helps in reduction of weight 
  • Skin Diseases: antifungal, antibacterial and insecticidal

Home remedies of Piper nigrum or Maricha

Natural friendly lifestyle is attracting people to use more herbs in daily life. Pepper is a common herb used all over the world as a spicing up agent to the food. The dry fine powder of Pepper has a general anti-inflammatory and antiallergenic effect.

  • Maricha in dysentery(Pravahika): Fine powder of Pippali (Piper longum) and Maricha are used in curing dysentery. 2 gram each can be added to warm rice soup and taken twice daily for the best results.
  • Maricha in sprue(Grahani): Powder of Maricha, Citraka (Plumbago zeylanica) and Sochal salt are taken with buttermilk. 100 ml butter milk with 2 gram each of herbal powders and required quantity of salt is suggestive for the best results. 
  • Maricha in cough (Kasa): Powder of Maricha with mixed ghee, honey and sugar and taken internally cures cough. Half teaspoon Maricha powder along one teaspoon of above mentioned ingredients, taken once daily for three days is suggestive for fast curing.
  • Maricha in digestive disorders: Maricha powder can be used as a carminative and added to light vegetable soups in case of improper digestion.
  • Maricha in rejuvenation: used as a rejuvenative herb in combination with jaggery or sugar.
  • Maricha in poisoning:  powder can be used against poisoning. In severe poisoning Maricha powder is uses for nasal inhalation. This method should be performed only under the guidance of an Ayurveda specialist.
  • Maricha in eye disorders: Diseases of eye can be cured with unique Maricha powder scraping performed with buds of Hibiscus flower ( Hibiscus rosasinensis). This method should be only performed under the guidance of an experienced specialist.

Article Written By: Dr. Sahil Gupta, Ayurvedic Allergist

Herbs A to Z

Allergies A to Z

Ayurpediatrics A to Z

Superfoods A to Z

Query Form

    Ask Our Ayurvedic Allergist

     

    +91 96121-80000

    [email protected]

     

    Follow Us

    Follow us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter Subscribe us on Youtube Contact us on WhatsApp

    Leave a Reply

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

    Follow Us

    Follow us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter Subscribe us on Youtube Contact us on WhatsApp
    Customer Care : WhatsApp No. +91-921-550-0605 | Email Id - [email protected]
    +