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Chronic kidney disease in Children (Vrikka Vikara)

स्त्रोतांसि खलु परिणाममापद्यमानानां धातूनामभिवाहीनि भवन्त्ययनार्थेन|

CKD: Symptoms, Causes, Types, Do's, Don'ts, Yoga, Ayurvedic Reference and Treatment : Complete Ayurveda Details

Chronic Kidney Disease or CKD is one of the most fatal conditions seen in people of all ages and races. It is a chronic condition in which the kidneys are permanently damaged. CKD gets worse over time as functioning of kidney becomes decreased. It is also called Chronic Renal Disease or Chronic Kidney Failure. The causes of CKD are different in children than in the adults. In adults, CKD is mainly caused by other systemic diseases like diabetes, hypertension etc. In children it can occur due to congenital abnormalities of kidney and ureters. Over the past 2 decades, the incidents of CKD in children have increased considerably. Early diagnosis and treatment of CKD is of prime important as kidney function becomes irreversibly worsened with time. 


According to Ayurvedic science, CKD can be correlated to Vrikka Vikara occurring due to dushti of dhathus (tissues) like medas(fat). Acharya Charaka have mentioned about the causes and symptoms of Vrikka Vikara due to Medo vaha srotho dushti(impaired fat metabolism). Vrikka vikara can be controlled through healthy diet habits and intake of Ayurvedic medicines. Ayurvedic teachers have mentioned about many renal protective herbs which are devoid of any sort any side effects.

Causes of Chronic Kidney Disease - Vrikka Vikara

The Causes of CKD in adults and children are different.


In Adults, CKD is caused by diabetes and hypertension. Increased levels of blood pressure do not cause CKD in children. However many of the risk factors for the condition starts in the childhood and may contribute to progressive kidney disease in older ages.


In infants and children the main causes for CKD are birth defects, congenital abnormalities of kidney, hereditary diseases like polycystic kidney etc. Frequent urinary tract infections may also lead to CKD.


In teenagers the main cause of CKD is the inflammation of kidneys known as glomerulonephritis. Other diseases like nephrotic syndrome, lupus nephritis, alport syndrome may also cause CKD.


Other causes include thrombotic microangiopathies, nephrolithiasis, Wilms’ tumour etc.

Risk Factors of Chronic Kidney Disease - Vrikka Vikara

  • Family history of CKD
  • Irregular diet pattern
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Less water intake

Ayurvedic Reference of Chronic Kidney Disease - Vrikka Vikara

Signs and Symptoms of Chronic Kidney Disease - Vrikka Vikara

  • Swelling around the eyes
  • Frequent micturition
  • Prolonged bedwetting
  • Stunted growth
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Fatigue
  • Swelling around legs
  • Severe headache
  • Anemia
  • Cardiovascular complications

Diagnosis of Chronic Kidney Disease - Vrikka Vikara

Early diagnosis of CKD is very important. We can use many diagnostic tools for confirming the condition


  • Ultrasonography
  • Urinalysis – high protein content in urine may indicate kidney damage
  • Blood investigation and
  • Kidney biopsy


As explained earlier, CKD is a condition which permanently affects the kidney function. As it is a condition which needs high effort to be cured, the main treatment goals are to reduce the effect caused by CKD by controlling the symptoms, slowing down progress of CKD etc.

Dr. Sahil Gupta Allergy Specialist

At Dr. Gupta’s IAFA aspires to be the destination of choice for people seeking authentic management of CKD in childrens based on the classical principle of Ayurveda and our research. Institute of Applied Food Allergy® is committed towards providing outstanding service for all the health problems of your children through Ayurveda”.

Changing Medicine, Changing Lives!!! Reach IAFA for your child’s future


– Dr. Sahil Gupta (B.A.M.S., M.H.A.) 

Ayurvedic Allergy Specialist 

CEO & Founder of IAFAⓇ

Diet Management in Chronic Kidney Disease - Vrikka Vikara

Do’s (Pathya) in CKD

  • Mental and physical rest
  • Intake of Pomegranate
  • Ginger and turmeric intake
  • Mild exercises

Don’ts (Apathya) in CKD

  • Sweet food materials and drinks
  • Day sleep and
  • Heavy to digest meals

Yoga and Pranayama for Chronic Kidney Disease - Vrikka Vikara

Kidney is the main organ involved in detoxification of the body. Yoga and pranayama, helps in decreasing the amount of toxins entering the body and thereby can reduce workloads of the kidneys. Yoga also helps in reducing medas(fat). Asanas(postures) like 

  • Vajrasana, 
  • Salabhasana and 
  • Gomukhasana helps in reducing fats and maintains the proper functioning of kidneys.


Ayurvedic Treatment of Chronic Kidney Disease - Vrikka Vikara

Proper management of CKD can be achieved through Ayurvedic system. The complete cure of CKD requires not only internal medicines, but also change in lifestyle and food habits.

Internal Medicines used in CKD

  • Aragwadhadi kashayam
  • Punarnavadi kashayam
  • Tiktaka kashayam
  • Siva gulika or Siva gutika
  • Ardraka swarasa
  • Chandraprabha gulika
  • Slow monitored doses of Shilajit and
  • Guducyadi kashayam

Single herbs used in CKD

  • Amalaki (Emblica officinalis)
  • Ardraka (Zingiber officinale)
  • Haridra (Curcuma longa)


  1. Shloka No. 8, Chapter 5 Srotamsi Vimanam of Charaka Samhita Vimanasthana by Acharaya Agnivesa.
  2. Shloka No. 16, Chapter 5 of Srotamsi Vimanam of Charaka Samhita Vimanasthana by Acharya Agnivesa.
  3. Sharangadhara, Sharangadhara Samhita; Madhyama Khanda, Adhyaya 2/130 – 131.
  4. Agnivesa, Charaka, Dradhabala; Charaka Samhita; Chikitsasthana; Rasayan Chikitsa Adhyaya; 1, 3rd Pada, Shloka 36-40, edited by Vaidya Jadavaji Trikamji Acharaya, p.no. 494 2nd edition, Chaukhambha Sanskrit Sansthan, Varanasi.

Article Written By: Dr. Sahil Gupta (B.A.M.S., M.H.A.)

Frequently Asked Questions

Question: Can Ayurveda help in the management of Chronic kidney disorder or CKD?

Answer: Ayurveda can help in the successful management of CKD through natural friendly measures.

Question: What is the duration of treatment for CKD in Ayurveda for children?

Answer: The duration of CKD treatment is Ayurveda is highly individualistic and it may take days to months for the complete result.

Question: Is there any specific herbs for improving CKD in children?

Answer: Ayurveda has multiple herbs for improving the condition of CKD. The herbs like gooseberry and turmeric are beneficial in CKD.

Question: What is chronic kidney disease (CKD) in children according to Ayurveda?

Answer: In Ayurveda, kidney diseases in children as well as in adults are classified under Mutravaha srotas vikar i.e., the disorders that are caused due to blockage of channels. The formation of urine is hampered due to the vitiation of Vata dosha.

Question: What is the Ayurvedic treatment of chronic kidney disease in children?

Answer: There are various herbs in Ayurveda such as Punarnava, Varun, Gokshur, Kaasni etc. which work on the root cause of the problem and free from any side effects. These herbs can be safely consumed by children under expert supervision.

Question: How Ayurvedic treatment is beneficial in the management of chronic kidney disease in children?

Answer: Proper management of CKD in children can be achieved through Ayurvedic treatment. The complete cure of CKD in children not only requires the use of internal medications but changes in lifestyle and food habits as well.

Question: How yoga and pranayama are helpful in CKD?

Answer: Since kidney is the main organ involved in detoxification process. Yoga and pranayama are quite beneficial as these help in decreasing the accumulated toxins and thereby reduce the workload of the kidneys.

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