We all want to keep our children safe and secure and help them live to their full potential. The job of protecting children most often falls to parents and caregivers, and it is up to them to familiarize themselves with safety risks in and around their homes and communities. Once we know the risks, we can take steps to plan for safety. Knowing how to prevent leading causes of child injury is a step toward this goal.
The main causes of childhood injuries or the safety measures we have to adopt come under the categories as,
Younger children are more likely to sustain injuries from scald burns that are caused by hot liquids or steam, while older children are more likely to sustain injuries from flame burns that are caused by direct contact with fire.
Safety measures include,
- Install and maintain smoke alarms in your home—on every floor and near all rooms family members sleep in.
- Create and practice a family fire escape plan, and involve kids in the planning.
- Use safe cooking practices, such as never leaving food unattended on the stove. Also, supervise or restrict children’s use of stoves, ovens, and especially microwaves.
- Infants and small children may not be able to get away from water that may be too hot, and maintaining a constant thermostat setting can help control the water temperature throughout your home—preventing it from getting too high.
Falls are the leading cause of non-fatal injuries for all children ages 0 to 19.
Falls on the playground are a common cause of injury.
- Make sure that the surfaces under playground equipment are safe, soft, and consist of appropriate materials (such as wood chips or sand, not dirt or grass). The surface materials should be an appropriate depth and well-maintained.
- Use home safety devices, such as guards on windows that are above ground level, stair gates, and guard rails. These devices can help keep a busy, active child from taking a dangerous tumble.
- Wear protective gear during sports and recreation.
- Supervise young children at all times around fall hazards, such as stairs and playground equipment, whether you’re at home or out to play.
Ayurvedic reference of Child Safety
Road Traffic Safety
- Buckle all children aged 12 and under in the back seat.
- Airbags can kill young children riding in the front seat. Never place a rear-facing car seat in front of an air bag.
- Buckle children in the middle of the back seat when possible, because it is the safest spot in the vehicle
- Use Proper Restraints Every Trip
- Parents and Caregivers should always wear a Seat Belt
- Should not cross the street walking between parked vehicles.
- Should always cross the street walking through pedestrian crossing.
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- Everyday items in your home, such as household cleaners and medicines, can be poisonous to children as well. Medication dosing mistakes and unsupervised ingestions are common ways that children are poisoned. Active, curious children will often investigate and sometimes try to eat or drink anything that they can get into.
- Keep medicines and toxic products, such cleaning solutions and detergent pods, in their original packaging where children can’t see or get them.
- Follow label directions carefully and read all warnings when giving medicines to children.
- Safely dispose of unused, unneeded, or expired prescription drugs and over the counter drugs, vitamins, and supplements.
- Check that playgrounds have soft material under them such as wood chips, sand, or much.
- Read playground signs and using playground equipment that is right for your child’s age.
- Make sure there are guardrails in good condition to help prevent falls.
- Look out for things in the play area that can trip your child, like tree stumps or rocks.
Many are aware of the importance of safety around pools and at the beach. Parents also need to supervise their children near bathtubs. Most drowning or near-drowning incidents happen when a child falls into a pool or is left alone in the bathtub. Distractions make for tragedies, and the younger the child, the greater the risk
- Never accept any gifts from a stranger.
- Never hide anything from your parents, always share your feelings, fear and concerns with them.
- Education should be given to differentiate between good touch and bad touch.
Article Written By: Dr. Sahil Gupta, Ayurvedic Allergist