Seasonal Allergy (Pratisyaya)
Ayurvedic Reference of Pratisyaya (Seasonal allergy)
Symptoms of Seasonal Allergy
Symptoms are mainly those affecting the respiratory system. It includes:
- Post nasal drip
- Itchy eyes, nose and throat
- Redness of eyes
- Watering of eyes
Ayurveda suggests different doshaprakopa (aggravation of factors named Vata, Pitta and Kapha) in different seasons. Varsha (rainy) is the season of aggravation of Vatadosha and results in symptoms like dry cough, restlessness, dry eyes, headache, sneezing etc. Pittadosha is aggravated during Saradrtu (autumn). It causes symptoms like redness and burning of eyes, rashes, head ache etc.During Vasantakala (spring) Kaphadoshaaggravation occurs and results in symptoms like runny nose, nasal congestion, heaviness, watery eyes etc.
Causes of Seasonal Allergy
When molds or pollens enter the body, immune system produces chemicals like histamines that fight against them. These chemicals result in various allergic reactions in the body.Reasons for allergy differ in different seasons. During spring time, pollen from many trees; during summer grasses and weeds; during autumn, pollen from small plants;during winter, indoor allergens like mold, dust mites etc. are the major causes for allergy. Smoke, insect bites, smell of flowers etc. are some of the triggering factors of allergy.
Ayurveda explains that snow, wind, dust, water etc. are some of the reasons of Pratisyaya. These factors are extremely affected by seasonal changes and so can be connected to seasonal allergy.
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Bachelor of Ayurveda Medicine & Surgery
Master’s in Health Administration
Diet in Seasonal Allergy
Practice of following things can greatly help in the prevention and avoidance of recurrence of seasonal allergy.
- Intake of light,warm food
- Food should be of sour taste with salt added.
- Hot, sour and spicy soup
- Use of barley, wheat, pomegranate etc.
- Use of warm water for internal and external purpose
- Wearing heavy clothes like sweater in cold season
- Covering head and throat during winter season
Avoid following things to prevent aggravation of symptoms.
- Cold and refrigerated food
- Heavy and fatty food
- Intake of excess quantity of water
- Use of cold water for internal and external purpose
- Excess bathing time
- Day sleep
- Emotions like anger, sorrow
Yoga and Pranayama for Seasonal Allergy
Yoga provides physical as well as mental fitness. Various asanas (postures) are beneficial to increase body’s immunity. Suryanamskara, savasana, sarvangasana, svanasana etc. help in relaxation of mind and to rejuvenate body tissues. Pranayama is the method of controlling breath. It helps to normalize vitiated doshas and to clear body channels. It is a process by which benefits of mental as well as physical detoxification can be achieved.
Ayurvedic Treatment of Seasonal Allergy
Ayurveda has specific treatment for allergic manifestations. Combination of internal medicines and various treatment procedures are very effective in the management of allergy.
Purification therapies as well as other procedures are beneficial in treating seasonal allergy. Following treatment modalities can be adopted based on the dosha aggravation and patient condition.
- Vamana (emesis)
- Snehapana (Intake of medicated ghee or oil)
- Swedana (Steaming)
- Dhumapana (Intake of medicated smoke)
- Gandusha (Holding of medicated liquids in mouth)
Following single drugs can be taken in suitable forms and with proper adjuvant.
- Shunti (Zingiberofficinale)
- Pippali (Piperlongum)
- Amalaki (Emblicaofficinalis)
- Nimba (Azadirachtaindica)
- Tulsi (Ocimumsanctum)
- Haridra (Curcumalonga)
Article Written By: Dr. Sahil Gupta, Ayurvedic Allergist