Home Herbs A to Z Tila – Sesamum indicum

Tila – Sesamum indicum

Tila – Sesamum indicum

Tila is one of the most commonly used and readily available herbs in India. Tila is commonly known as Sesamum or Gingely seed. Tila is well-known for the oil providing nature of the plant. The name Tila itself means that the seeds have oil in it and the oil if applied over the body will provide unctuousness. The species name indicates that the plant us native to India.

 

Dr. Gupta’s IAFA have been studying on readily available herbs for the purpose of alleviating allergic condition. By experiments, our experts have successfully proven the activities like Antioxidant, Antiallergic, Anti-inflammatory, Hepatoprotective, Hypotensive etc properties of the plant. Sesamum can be used to treat conditions like weakness, vata disorders, Allergic conditions, hairfall, wound etc. The hexane extract of Sesamum plant can be used to treat gastric ulcers. The antioxidant activity of the plant is due to the presence of sesaminol glycosides. The ethanolic extracts of the plant helps in the analgesic properties of the plant.

Action of Tila – Sesamum indicum in Allergies

IAFA experts have successfully proven the antiallergic property of the plant Tila. The plant contains phytoconstituents likes esamolinol, Sesamol, Octanal, Phenol, a-tocopherol, Sitosterol, Campesterol, Stigmasterol, Arginine, Cystine, Histidine, Leucine, Lysine, Methionine, Tyrosine, Valine, a and B-globulins, Ascorbic acid, Pyridoxine, Riboflavine, Thiamine, a and B-tocopherols etc. These phytoconstituents aids in the antiallergic property of Tila. It can be effectively applied on the skin in powder or oil form to alleviate skin allergic conditions.

Vernacular Names and Classification

Botanical nameSesamum indicum
FamilyPedaliaceae
Native Names             
Sanskrit NameTila, Putha, Snehapuraphala
Hindi NameTil
English NameSesamum
Malayalam NameKaru ellu
Kannada NameYellu
Marathi NameTil

Ayurveda Reference of Tila – Sesamum indicum

Morphology of Tila – Sesamum indicum

  • Annual herb
  • Stems are erect pubescent branched
  • Leaves are simple lobed ovate
  • Inflorescence is axillary cymose
  • Flowers are pedicellate
  • Fruits are loculicidal capsule
  • Seeds are endospermic

Geographical Distribution of Tila – Sesamum indicum

Tila grows throughout India, especially in hilly areas.

Phytoconstituents of Tila – Sesamum indicum

The plant contains phytoconstituents like – Seeds contain sesamolinol, Sesamol, Octanal, Phenol, a-tocopherol, Sitosterol, Campesterol, Stigmasterol, Arginine, Cystine, Histidine, Leucine, Lysine, Methionine, Tyrosine, Valine, a and B-globulins, Ascorbic acid, Pyridoxine, Riboflavine, Thiamine, a and B-tocopherols.

Parts Used of Tila – Sesamum indicum

  • Seed

Dosage of Tila – Sesamum indicum

  1. Powder (churna) – 1-2 g
  2. Oil (taila) – 5-15 drops

Medicinal Properties of Tila – Sesamum indicum

  • Balya – increases strength
  • Kesya – promotes hair growth
  • Vranahara – relieves ulcers
  • Dipana – increases digestive capacity
  • Medhya – promotes intelligence
  • Sulahara – analgesic

Home Remedies of Tila – Sesamum indicum

Ayurveda is an ancient system of medicine popular in India. The treatment system adopted by Ayurveda is purely based on naturally available herbs. Tila is one of the most widely seen and used herb. Due to its high medicinal value it is used in treating many diseases like,

  1. In Wounds (Vrna) – Paste of Tila mixed with ghee and honey and applied over the wound.
  2. Weak dentures (Danta dourbalya) – Gargling with milk boiled by adding Tila is very useful in strengthening teeth.
  3. In Disorders of Vata (Vatavyadhi) – Old ghee processed with oil of Tila is useful in alleviating Vata disorders.
  4. As a Digestant (Pacana) – Powder of Tila is taken with hot water after food will increase digestive functions.
  5. In Skin diseases (Kushta) – Oil of Tila is appliedover skin in Vata skin diseases
  6. In hair growth (kesya) – Oil of Tila is used before bathing. Daily usage of Tila oil improve hair growth
  7. As an analgesic (Sulaghna) – Decoction of Tila is taken to alleviate painful conditions caused by Vata.
  8. In indigestion (Ajirna) – Tila is powdered and taken after food.

Article Written By: Dr. Sahil Gupta, Ayurvedic Allergist

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