Sigru – Moringa oleifera


Sigru, commonly known as Drum stick is one of the most commonly used herb for medicinal purposes. The word “Sigru” indicates that the plant have very potent qualities. Drum stick is also used as a vegetable. The plant Sigru grows upto medium sized tree and is cultivated through out India. The word ‘oleifera’ means oil bearing. Sigru have many therapeutic actions and nowadays used in both Ayurveda and Allopathic sciences as a medicinal herb.

Drum stick have many therapeutic properties and is used as an antioxidant, antiinflammatory agent, antispasmodic, stimulant, expectorant and diuretic. Dr.Gupta’s IAFA experts conducted various experiments to found out the vast usage of Drum stick. The ethanolic extract of flowers of Moringa oleifera have antioxidant potential and can act as antiinflammatory agent. The phyto constituents like Gallic acid aids antioxidant activity. The flowers are mainly used to prevent inflammatory conditions. The seeds of Moringa oleifera contains benzyl isothicocyanate and it can prevent the growth of bacterias like Staphylococcus aurous, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli etc. Our IAFA experts also conducted studies to prove that the seeds have antifungal activities and has succeeded well.

Action of Moringa oleifera or Sigru in Allergies

Our IAFA experts found out that the photo constituents in Drum stick plant like Leucine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, glycine, valine, citric acid, histidine, quercetin etc have anti allergic property. The seeds contains isomeric benzyl isothicocyanate and found to have antibacterial actions. The whole plant can be used to treat skin allergic conditions. The extracts from the leaves are used to cure skin infections by applying the extract on the skin.

Vernacular Names

Hindi name  Sahijan, Munaga
Sanskrit name Shobhanjana, Shigru, Teekshangandha, Aksheeva, Mochaka
English name  Drumstick plant, Moringa, Horse radish tree
Tamil name Murungai
Kannada name Nugge mara, Nuggekayi

Botanical Name

Moringa Oleifera



Morphology of Punarnava – Boerhavia diffusa

  • A spreading diffusely branched pubescent or nearly glabrous herb.
  • Roots stout and often perennial. 
  • leaves rather thick, in unequal pairs, broadly ovate or somewhat circular.
  • Flowers in umbels of 4 -10, arranged in panicles.
  • Fruit 5-ribbed with glands on ribs.

Ayurvedic Reference of Sigru

Ayurvedic Reference of Sigru

Geographical distribution of Punarnava – Boerhavia diffusa

Plant occurs throughout as a common weed almost in all parts of country, generally on flat land and along road sides, also near water course.

Phytoconstituents of Punarnava – Boerhavia diffusa

The plant contains alkaloid punarnavine, punarnavoside, beta sitosterol, tetracosanoic acid, hexacosanoic acid, stearic acid, hentriacontane, ursolic acid, mysristic acid, oxalic acid, potassium nitrate etc.

Parts Used of Moringa oleifera or Sigru

Drumstick is used for therapeutic purposes and is richest source of all vitamins and minerals.

  • root bark, 
  • stem bark
  • leaves
  • fruits
  • seeds 
100 grams of edible portion of Sigru dry and fresh leaves contains
Dried LeavesFresh Leaves
Arginine Histidine Isoleucine Leucine Lysine Methionine Phenylalanine Threonine Tryptophan Valine Carotene (Vitamin A) Thiamin (B1) Riboflavin (B2) Niacin (B3) Vitamin C Calcium Calories Carbohydrates Copper Fat Fiber Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Protein Zinc1,325 mg 613 mg 825 mg 1,950 mg 1,325 mg 350 mg 1,388 mg 1.188 mg 425 mg 1063 18.9 mg 2.64 mg 20.5 mg 8.2 mg 17.3 mg 2,003 mg 205 cal 38.2 g 0.57 mg 2.3 g 19.2 g 28.2 mg 368 mg 204 mg 1,324 mg 27.1 g 3.29 mg406.6 mg 149.8 mg 299.6 mg 492.2 mg 342.4 mg 117.7 mg 310.3 mg 117.7 mg 107 mg 374.5mg 6.78 mg 0.06 mg 0.05 mg 0.8 mg 220 mg 440 mg 92 cal 12.5 g 0.07 mg 1.70 g 0.90 g 0.85 mg 42 mg 70 mg 259 mg 6.70 g 0.16 mg

Preparation and dosage of Moringa oleifera or Sigru

  • Powder (choornam) – 3-5 gm per day
  • Juice (swaras)– 15-30ml per day
  • Decoction (kashayam)-30-60ml per day

Medicinal Properties and Uses of Moringa oleifera or Sigru

  • Analgesic
  • Antioxidant
  • Anti hypertyensive
  • Aphrodisiac
  • Anti flatulence
  • Anti inflammatory
  • Antidiabetic
  • Antallergic
  • Antibacterial
  • Cardiac tonic
  • Increase breast milk production
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Home remedies of Moringa oleifera or Sigru

Sigru alleviates Vata and Kapha doshas and mainly used in the treatment of diseases caused by the combination of both Vata and Kapha doshas.

  • In Eye disorders (Nethra roga) – The tender leaves of Sigru are collected and crushed well to extract the juice. Intake of this juice alleviates eye disorders. 
  • In Worm infestation (Krimi roga) – Decoction made with Moringa oleifera and Embelia ribes (Vidanga) is used to treat Worm infestation. Drinking 60 ml of this decoction along with honey can destroy harmful worms inside the body.
  • In Headache (Sira sula) – The juice of leaves of Drum stick are collected and mixed with Jaggery. By the application of this mixture as nasal medication with a dose of 2-4 ml in each nostril can cure headache. 
  • Used as Carminative – Drum stick can increase digestive capacity. Decoction made with seeds of Drum stick has carminative property. 
  • In Swelling and Inflammatory conditions (Svayathu) – The bark of Drum stick plant is collected and crushed well. It is then made into a paste and applying this paste on swelling can reduce inflammation. 
  • In treating Ulcers (Vrana hara) – Applying the paste of bark of Sigru and drinking decoction made with 10-20 leaves of Drum stick can heal ulcers quickly, relieve itching and swelling over wounds.
  • In relieving pain (Sula hara) – Fleshly collected leaves of Sigru are crushed well and made into decoction. Drinking this decoction along with honey can immediately relieve pain
  • In Asthma (Swasa hara) – Decoction made with fruits of Drum stick can ease Asthmatic conditions. 60 ml of decoction can be taken on daily basis to cure Asthma.
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Dr. Sahil Gupta completed his Bachelor of Ayurveda in Medicine and Surgery (B.A.M.S.) and Master’s Degree in Health Administration (MHA) India. He is Registered Ayurvedic Doctor & Vaidya in India having Registration No. 23780. He is the CEO and founder of IAFA. After completing BAMS, Dr. Sahil Gupta started practicing Ayruveda by giving prime importance to allergic disorders management. He became the first Ayurvedic doctor to cure Food Allergies through Ayurveda. Read More About Dr. Sahil Gupta.

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