SARPAGANDHA –Rauwolfia serpentine


It is an important plant used in the Ayurvedic treatments. It is commonly known as snake dog bane. It is also known as Small moon plant. The plant prefers to grow in mountain or hilly areas, so it is called as Nakuli in Sanskrit. It has antitoxic property, hence it is known as Vishanasini.

Dr.Gupta’s IAFA has been constantly working on the plantSarpagandha for discovering more medicinal properties the plant. Through the various studies done by our experts found out that the plant possesses antihypertensive, anti diabetic, hypolipidemic, antimicrobial, antioxidant, anticancer and anti-inflammatory properties. The methanolic extract of leaves shows antioxidant activity. The aqueous extracts of the leaves of the plant shows antihypertensive property.

Action of Sarpagandha – Rauwolfia serpentina in Allergies

IAFA has been conducting various studies on Sarpagandha found out the antiallergic and anti-inflammatory actions of the plant. The various chemical constituents present in this plant shows anti-inflammatory activity. Sarpagandha is very useful in skin diseases by its anti-inflammatory and anti-histamine activity.

Vernacular Names

Sanskrit Name Sarpagandha Nakuli
Hindi Name Nagulakand 
English Name Snake dog bane, Small moon plant
Malayalam Name chuvannavilpuri
Kannada Name Sarpagandha 
Telungu Name Dumparasna 

Botanical Name

Rauwolfia serpentina



Morphology of Sarpagandha – Rauwolfia serpentina

  • Small erect shrub
  • Bark – pale rarely lenticellate
  • Leaves – whorls of three, lanceolate, acute acuminate, bright green
  • Flowers- white, often tinged with violet, corymbose cyme
  • Calyx – glabrous, bright red, segments 2-5 mm long and lanceolate
  • Corolla –1 cm long, tube slender, swollen a little above the middle.
  • Fruits – drupe, purplish black when ripe.

Ayurveda reference of Sarpagandha – Rauwolfia serpentine

Ayurveda reference of Sarpagandha – Rauwolfia serpentine

Geographical distribution of Sarpagandha – Rauwolfia serpentina

The plant Sarpagandha grows in mountains and hilly regions. It is distributed in India, China, Thailand, Bangladesh, Japan etc.

Phytoconstituents of Sarpagandha – Rauwolfia serpentina

The phytoconstituents present in the plant Sarpagandha are reserpine, reserpiline, serpentine, deserpidine, ajmaline, rescinnamine etc.

Parts used of Sarpagandha – Rauwolfia serpentina

  • Root  

Dosage of Sarpagandha – Rauwolfia serpentina

  • Root powder – 3-5 gms

Medicinal Properties of Sarpagandha – Rauwolfia serpentina

  • Dipana – increases digestive fire
  • Pachana – digests undigested food
  • Krimighna – relieves worm infestation
  • Vedanasthapana- relieves pain
  • Nidrajanana- induces sleep
  • Jvaraghna – relieves fever
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Home remedies ofSarpagandha – Rauwolfia serpentina

In Ayurveda the treatment of different kinds of diseases are done by naturally availing non toxic drugs. We are continuously working on these plants to find out its pharmacological actions. IAFA have done so many studies on the plant Sarpagandha and found out that it has wide range of actions. Some of the home remedies are given below.

  • Hypertension – 5 gm of root powder is taken along with hot water in the early morning.
  • Diarrhea – 10 gm of root powder taken along with honey for 3 days.
  • Fever – 40 gm of root powder mixed with 200 ml of water, boiled and reduced to 100 ml and taken internally for 5 days along with ½ teaspoon of ginger juice.
  • Poisonous insect’s sting –Paste made with root of Sarpagandha and turmeric is applied over affected part.
  • Skin diseases –15 gm of root powder is mixed with 2 glass of water, boiled and reduced to 1 glass and taken internally for 7 days along with Tulasi juice.
  • Constipation –10 gm of root powder mixed with ½ glass of luke warm water taken internally for 3 days.
  • Insomnia – 10gm of root powder is taken along with cold water at night.
  • Goiter- 5 gm of root powder is taken internally along with 10 ml of juice of Kanchanara for 9 days.
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Dr. Gupta’s IAFA provides safe, pure and non toxic Ayurvedic medicines. Our treatment protocols are completely based on Ayurvedic principles. According to Ayurveda each and every plants in the world has its own medicinal properties. Samhitas, Ayurvedic texts explains the properties and actions of almost all the plants. We are mainly focus on alleviating allergic disorders by using naturally available herbs which have less to no side effects. We can assure the safety of our customers as we are subjecting our products to various tests. 

Reach IAFA for safe herbal remedies for all your ailments!!!

Dr. Sahil Gupta completed his Bachelor of Ayurveda in Medicine and Surgery (B.A.M.S.) and Master’s Degree in Health Administration (MHA) India. He is Registered Ayurvedic Doctor & Vaidya in India having Registration No. 23780. He is the CEO and founder of IAFA. After completing BAMS, Dr. Sahil Gupta started practicing Ayruveda by giving prime importance to allergic disorders management. He became the first Ayurvedic doctor to cure Food Allergies through Ayurveda. Read More About Dr. Sahil Gupta.

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