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Mandukaparni (Centella asiatica)

Mandukaparni – Centella asiatica

Mandukaparni, commonly known as Indian penny wort is one of the most commonly found weed in India. The leaves of Mandukaparni resembles frog in shape and hence got the name. The word centella means “many “ and the word asiatica indicates its Asian origin. The plant mainly grows in moist areas and have many therapeutic actions. 

 

Institute of Applied food Allergyguided by Dr.Gupta, have been studying on readily available herbs for the purpose of alleviating allergic condition. Our experts studied on Mandukaparni and proven the plant’s therapeutic activities like anti-inflammatory, memory enhancer, CNS depressant, sedative etc. The plant can be used to treat diseases like Cough, Diabetes, Inflammation, Fever, Allergic conditions etc. Our experts conducted many studies on Mandukaparni and proven the activities anticancerous properties. The water extracts of Mandukaparni can improve memory capacity and is nowadays used for rejuvenation therapy. The methanol extract of the plant helps in the anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties of the plant. 

Action of Mandukaparni – Centella asiatica in Allergies

IAFA experts have successfully proven the antiallergic andanti-inflammatory property of the plant Mandukaparni. The plant contains phytoconstituents like Asiaticoside, Brahmoside, Brahminoside, Hydrocotylin,Thankuniside, Thankunic acid, Madegascaric acid, Brahmic acid Centelloside, Centic acid, Centellic acid and Centoic acid. These aids in the antiallergic property of the plant. The decoction prepared from the leaves of Mandukaparni can alleviate skin allergic conditions. 

Vernacular names and Classification

Botanical NameCentella asiatica
FamilyApiaceae
Native Names
Sanskrit NameMandukaparni  ,Saraswathi, Divya
Hindi NameKhulakudi
English NameIndian penny wort
Malayalam NameKutakam
Kannada NameVondelaga
Marathi NameKarivana

Ayurveda reference of Mandukaparni – Centella asiatica

Morphology of Mandukaparni – Centella asiatica

  • Annual prostate herb
  • Taproot system present
  • Stems are herbaceous , fistular
  • Leaves are simple type, orbicular
  • Inflorescence is racemose 
  • Fruits are cremocarp

Geographical distribution of Mandukaparni – Centella asiatica

Mandukaparniis found throughout India  in moist places.

Phytoconstituents of Mandukaparni – Centella asiatica

The plant contains phytoconstituents like Asiaticoside, Brahmoside, Brahminoside, Hydrocotylin,Thankuniside, Thankunic acid, Madegascaric acid, Brahmic acid Centelloside, Centic acid, Centellic acid and Centoic acid.

Parts used of Mandukaparni – Centella asiatica

  • Whole plant mainly leaves 

Dosage of Mandukaparni – Centella asiatica

  • Powder(churna)- 5-10 g
  • Juice (swarasa)- 10-20 ml
  • Decoction (kwatha)- 50-100 ml

Medicinal Properties of Mandukaparni – Centella asiatica

  • Kasa hara – relieves cough
  • Medhya – enhances memory 
  • Sophahara – relieves swelling 
  • Swasahara – relieves asthma 
  • Rasayana – rejuvenative  
  • Visaghna – useful in poisoning 
  • Kandughna- relieves itching 
  • Kushtaghna – relieves skin diseases
  • Swarya – help to increase clarity of voice

Home remedies of Mandukaparni – Centella asiatica

Ayurveda is an ancient system of medicine, extensively popular in India. More than medical care, Ayurveda advices lifestyle modifications which helps in relieving diseases and promoting immunity. Ayurveda uses herbs that are commonly seen around. Mandukaparni is a major herb used in Ayurveda and is used in many diseases like, 

  • To promote intellect (Medhya) – Herb is collected and used continuously for 1 month along with ghee. 
  • In Epilepsy (Apasmara) – Juice of Mandukaparni and Brahmi is processed with ghee and given in epilepsy. 
  • In Diabetes (Prameha) – Decoction of Mandukaparniis taken at a dose of 60ml per day to cure diabetes. 
  • In Cough (Kasa) – Powder of Mandukaparni is mixed with Ginger and taken repeatedly to cure cough.
  • In disorders of voice(Vagvikara)- Mandukaparni and sausserea lappa is mixed with honey and taken internally. 
  • In Fever (Jwara) – Decoction of Brahmi and Mandukaparni is taken to cure fever at a dose of 60ml. 
  • In Insanity (Unmada)  – Freshly collected juice of Mandukaparni and Acorus calamus is mixed with powder of Sausserealappa and honey relieves insanity. 
  • In Anorexia (Aruci) – Juice of Mandukaparni is mixed with honey and taken.

Article Written By: Dr. Sahil Gupta, Ayurvedic Allergist

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