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Madanaphala (Randia dumetorum)

Madanaphala – Randia dumetorum

Madanaphala, commonly known as Emetic nut is one of the commonly used herb as antiinflammatory, antiviral, antifungal and antibacterial agents. The name Madana means it produce horripulation and discomfort. It is also known as Vamana, because it is the best emetic drug. It is the most commonly used emetic drug in Ayurveda used in thirteen different forms. It is also known for its antiinflammatory and antimicrobial actions.


Dr.Gupta’s IAFA have been studying on readily available herbs for the purpose of alleviating allergic condition. Our experts studied on Madanaphala and proven the plant’s therapeutic activities like Emetic, Diaphoretic, Antispasmodic, Antiinflammatory, Antibacterial, Antifungal, Antifungal actions etc. Madanaphala can be used in various diseases like pain, fever, inflammation, skin diseases etc.  Methanolic and ethanolic extract of fruits of Madana posess antiinflammatory and antiasthmatic actions. It also have hepatoprotective action and can be used in alcohol induced liver damage. The extract of Madana also have anti-implantation activity. Nowadays Madanaphala is also used for treating allergic conditions.

Action of Madanaphala – Randia dumetorum in Allergies

IAFA experts have successfully proven the antiallergic property of Madanaphala. The plant contains phytoconstituents like dumetoronin A, B, C, D, E&F, randialic acid A, randialic acid B, citric acid, tartaric acid, tannins, pectin, mucilage etc. These phytoconstituents aids the antiallergic, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial property of Madanaphala. It can be effectively used to cure allergic conditions.

Vernacular names and Classification

Botanical Name Randia dumetorum 
Family Rubiaceae
Native Names
Sanskrit Name मदन, गर्दन, पिण्ड, नट, पिण्डीतक, करहाट, मरुवक, शल्यक, विषपुष्पक
Hindi Name Mainphal
English Name Emetic nut
Malayalam Name Manga-kai
Kannada Name Maggarekayi
Marathi Name Gelaphal

Ayurveda reference of Madanaphala – Randia dumetorum

Morphology of Madanaphala – Randia dumetorum

  • Large shrub or small tree
  • Branches are horizontal and rigid 
  • Leaves are obovate and opposite 
  • Inflorescence is leaf opposed cyme, solitary 
  • Flowers are white or yellowish 
  • Fruits are globose, berry
  • Seeds are often immersed in pulp and angled

Geographical distribution of Madanaphala – Randia dumetorum

Madanaphala plant grows throughout India but very common in hilly areas. 

Phytoconstituents of Madanaphala – Randia dumetorum

The plant contains phytoconstituents like dumetoronin A, B, C, D, E&F, randialic acid A, randialic acid B, citric acid, tartaric acid, tannins, pectin, mucilage etc.

Parts used of Madanaphala – Randia dumetorum

  • Fruit 
  • Seeds

Dosage of Madanaphala – Randia dumetorum

  • Powder(churna)- 3-6 g

Medicinal Properties of Madanaphala – Randia dumetorum

  • Jwaraghna – relieves fever 
  • Sulahara-relieves pain
  • Sophahara – relieves swelling 
  • Vamaka – induces vomiting 
  • Pakwasaya sodhaka – cleanses intestine
  • Kushtaghna –  useful in skin diseases  
  • Amasaya sodhaka- cleanses stomach 
  • Vranahara – useful in wounds 

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Ayurvedic Allergy Specialist
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Home remedies of Madanaphala – Randia dumetorum

Ayurveda is an ancient system of medicine popular in India. The treatment system adopted by Ayurveda is purely based on naturally available plants and plant products. Madanaphala is one of the most widely used plant part. Due to its high medicinal value it is used in treating many diseases like,

  • To induce vomiting (Vamanartha) – Madanaphala is made into decoction and taken to induce vomiting. 
  • In Fever (Jwara)  – Madanaphala is mixed with Piper longum and is administered with hot water.
  • Pain in flanks (Parsva sula) – Paste of Madanaphala is prepared from sour gruel and applied over naval to relieve pain in flanks. 
  • In Skin diseases (Kushta)  – Madanaphala is taken and made into a paste. It is then applied over skin.
  • In Swelling (Sotha) – The Madanaphala is made into a paste with sour gruel and applied over area of swelling.  
  • In Wounds (Vrana) – Madanaphala powder is used to apply over wounds.
  • In Abdominal pain (Udarasula) – Powdered Madanaphala along with honeyis administered .
  • In Cold (Pratisyaya) -Decoction of Madanaphala is taken to cure cold.

Article Written By: Dr. Sahil Gupta, Ayurvedic Allergist

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