Devadaru (Cedrus deodara)
Devadaru – Cedrus deodara
Devadaru is one of the most widely used and readily available herb in Ayurvedic treatment purposes. Thetree is commonly known as Cedar. The nameDevadaru itself means that the treeis very auspicious and alleviate all diseases.The Cedar is considered as the best among trees. The word Cedrus indicates the fragrance of the tree which is like that of Cedar. Devadaru have pleasant aroma and can cure diseases caused by aggravation of Vata dosha.
Devadaru is one of the major herbs used by our Acharyasfor antiallergic andantimicrobial purposes. Dr.Gupta’s IAFA has been consistently working on the plant for knowing more medicinal properties of Devadaru.The plant can be used as ananticonvulsant , antiulcer, carminative, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antimicrobial agent. Devadaru can cure diseases like Filariasis, Cough, Asthma, Piles, Anaemia, Fever, Worm infestations, Allergies etc. The ethanolic extract of the plant contains 3, 4-bis furan-2 and have excellent anticonvulsant activities. The water soluble extract of pine needles of Cedar have antibacterial properties. Our experts also found out that the volatile oil Devadaru can be used for curing ulcer conditions.
Action of Devadaru – Cedrus deodarain Allergies
IAFA experts have successfully proven the antiallergic and anti-inflammatory properties of the plant Devadaru. The plant contains phytoconstituents like p-methyl acetophenone, atlantone, two new sequiterpenes designated as a and B-himachalene, himachalol, cedrinoside, taxifolin and cedrusinin. These constituents aids in the antiallergic property of the plant. The decoction prepared from the bark of Devadaru can be used to treat allergies caused by aggravation of Vata dosha.
Vernacular Names and Botanical Classification
|Sanskrit Name||देवदारु, दारुभद्र, दारु, इन्द्रदारु, मस्तदारु, दुकिलिम, किलिम सुरभी|
|English Name||Himalayan Cedar|
Ayurveda reference of Devadaru – Cedrus deodara
Morphology of Devadaru – Cedrus deodara
- Large evergreen tree
- Branches not whorled
- Bark is dark in color
- Leaves are needle like, sharp pointed
- Fruits are cone like
Geographical distribution of Devadaru – Cedrus deodara
Devadaru found throughout India especially in forest areas .
Phytoconstituents of Devadaru – Cedrus deodara
- Heartwood contains mainly essential oil which afforded p-methylacetophenone, atlantone, two new sequiterpenes designatedas a and B-himachalene, himachalol, cedrinoside, taxifolin andcedrusinin
- Plant contains allohimachalol, deodarone, a-pinese,cedrol and a-humulene.
Parts used of Devadaru – Cedrus deodara
- Heart wood
Dosage of Devadaru – Cedrus deodara
- Powder -3-5gm (churnam)
- Decoction – 60-90ml (kwatha )
- Oil -20-40 drops (Taila)
Medicinal Properties of Devadaru – Cedrus deodara
- Sothahara-alleviates inflammation
- Jwarahara-alleviates fever
- Kasahara – relieves cough
- Sulahara-relieves pain
- Sophahara – relieves swelling
- Swasahara – relieves asthma
- Krimighna – useful in worm infestations
- Kandughna- relieves itching
- Vishaghna – useful in poisoning
- Vranahara – useful in wounds
Home remedies of Devadaru – Cedrus deodara
Ayurveda is purely based on naturally available herbs whichare toxic free and have no side effects at all. Devadaruis one of the most widely used herb . The plant have many used and it can be used in treating many diseases like,
- In Filariasis (Slipada) –Devadaru and Citraka are collected and grinded well with water to make a paste . This paste is applied externally daily to cure Filariasis.
- In Abdominal pain(Adhmana) – Decoction prepared from Heartwood of Devadaru is taken daily at a dose of 60 ml.
- In skin diseases (Kushta)– Devadaruheartwood collected and crushed well. It is then added with ghee to prepare paste. Externalapplication of this will cure skin diseases.
- In Diabetes (Prameha) – Decoction of Devadaruis taken along with Gooseberry and honey at a dose of 60 ml twice daily.
- In Constipation (Vibandha) – Oil extracted from Devadaruis mixed with milk. It is then taken internally. It will induce purgation.
- In Cough (Kasa) – Oil extracted from burnt wood of Devadaru is mixed with pepper and is taken internally.
- In Fever (Jwara) – Decoction made with heartwood of Devadaru and Vasa taken internally at a dose of 60 ml.
- In Inflammation (Sopha) – Paste prepared from Devadaruheartwood and ghee is applied over the skin part.
Article Written By: Dr. Sahil Gupta, Ayurvedic Allergist