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Prisniparni (Uraria Picta)

Prisniparni – Uraria Picta

It is an important plant used in the Ayurvedic treatments. It is a small plant having linear and long leaves, hence got the name Prisniparni. The meaning of ‘Parni’ is leaves. It is also known as Chitraparni as the leaves possess variegated stripes. The inflorescence of the plant looks like the tail of lion, so it is called as Simhapucchi.

 

Dr.Gupta’s IAFA has been continuously working on Prisniparniplant for discovering more medicinal properties the plant. Our experts found out that the plant can act ascardiotonic,  lipid  lowering,  antiulcer,hepatoprotective, anti-inflammatory, antineoplastic, antimicrobial,  antioxidant, hypoglycemic, hypocholesterolemic and antidiabetic activity. It also possessesantiarrhythmic, anticholinergic,  analgesic,  antitumor, antihypertensive, antipyretics, antimalarial, stimulant, anti-HIV, antileukmic properties.

Action of Prisniparni–Uraria picta in Allergies

IAFA has been conducting various studies on Prusniparni found out the antiallergic and anti-inflammatory actions of the plant. The various chemical constituents present in this plant shows anti-inflammatory activity. Prusniparni is very useful in skin diseases by its anti-inflammatory and anti-histamine activity.

Vernacular names and Classification

Botanical NameUraria picta
FamilyFabaceae 
Native Names
Sanskrit NamePrusniparni 
Hindi NamePithavan ,Dabra
English NamePrsniparni 
Malayalam NameOrila 
Kannada NameNarichaladagida, Nadyala bone
Telungu NameKolaku panna

Ayurveda reference of Prisniparni–Uraria picta

Morphology of Prisniparni–Uraria picta

  • Small herb
  • Stem – stout
  • Leaves – striped, 3-5 in number.
  • Leaflets – imparipinnate, linear –oblong, obtuse
  • Flowers- puple coloured, cylindrical raceme
  • Fruit – 3-6 joints, glabrous

Geographical distribution of Prisniparni–Uraria picta

The plant prusniparni is found in all over the India. Also found in tropical Africa, Malaysia etc.

Phytoconstituents of Prisniparni–Uraria picta

The phytoconstituents found in the plant Prusniparni are alkaloids, flavonoids, steroids, terpenoids, phenols, saponins tannins and glycosides. It also possesses macro elements like Na, K etc.

Parts used of Prisniparni–Uraria picta

  • Root  
  • Whole pant

Dosage of Prisniparni–Uraria picta

  • Decoction – 50 – 100 ml

Medicinal Properties of Prisniparni–Uraria picta

  • Dipaniya – Increases the secreation of digestive juices
  • Vrshya – Aphrodisiac
  • Samgrahi – Absorbent
  • Sothahara – Alleviates swelling
  • Angamarda prasamana- Relieves body pain
  • Dahaprasamana – Relieves burning sensation
  • Jvaraghna – Relieves fever
  • Hrdya – Goods to heart
  • Balya – Gives strength

Home remedies of Prisniparni–Uraria picta

In Ayurveda the treatment of different kinds of diseases are done by naturally availing non toxic drugs. We are continuously working on these plants to find out its pharmacological actions. IAFA have done so many studies on the plant Prisniparni and found out that it has wide range of actions. Some of the home remedies are given below.

  • Bony fracture (Asthi bhanga)- 5 gm root powder and turmeric powder mixed with hot water is taken internally for 21 days.
  • Fever (Jvara)- 20 gms of root powder is mixed with 400 ml of water, boiled and reduced to 60 ml and taken internally for 3 days.
  • Gonorrhea – Poundered leaves are applied over affected area.
  • Snake poison (sarpa visha)- 20-30 ml of juice of whole plant is taken internally for 3 adys.
  • Ulcer (vruna)- 10 gm of root powder is taken along with honey for 7 days.
  • Bleeding piles (raktharsas) – 20 gms of root of Prsniparni and Bala is taken, mixed with400 ml of water boiled and reduced to 100 ml and taken internally for 5 days. 
  • Ulcerative colitis – gruel cooked with prisniparni is given.
  • Joint pain – 40 gm of root powder is mixed with 200 ml of water, boiled and reduced to 100 ml and taken internally with sugar for 3 days.

Article Written By: Dr. Sahil Gupta, Ayurvedic Allergist

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