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Pitpapra (Fumaria indica)

Pitpapra (Fumaria indica) - Uses, Benefits and Medicinal Properties

Pitpapra (Fumaria indica) is an essential curative herb used in high Pitta conditions such as fever, gastritis, diarrhea, excessive thirst, etc. The entire plant is popularly employed in conventional systems of medicine for its therapeutic activities. It is also known as Parpata in Sanskrit.


Dr. Gupta’s Institute of Applied Food and Allergy have been studying on readily available herbs for the purpose of alleviating allergic condition. Our experts have conducted studies on Pitpapra and proven the plant’s therapeutic activities like Antiviral, Antipyretic, Hepatoprotective, Diuretic, Astringent, Aphrodisiac, Anthelmintic and Antiallergic actions, etc. Pitpapra can be used in various diseases like burning sensation, fever, vomiting, hemorrhage, ulcers, etc.  Secondary metabolites of Pitpapra can be used in diabetic retinopathy. Extract of fractions of Parpata shows both protective and curative effects on Liver diseases. Methanolic extract of Parpata also shows aphrodisiac actions. Extract of aerial parts of this plant is used as a potent anthelmintic. Nowadays Pitpapra is also used in the treatment of allergic diseases. 

Pitpapra Capsules

Pitpapra Capsules

Pitpapra Swaras

Pitpapra Swaras

Action of Pitpapra (Fumaria indica) in Allergies

IAFA experts have successfully proven the anti-allergic property of the plant Pitpapra. The plant contains phytoconstituents Fumaramine, Fumaricine, Fumaridine, Fumariflorines, Fumariline, Fumaritine, Parfumidine, Parfumine, Parviflorine, Stigmasterol, Adlumidieciene, Adlumine, Adlumidine, etc. These phytoconstituents aids the antiallergic and antiviral properties of Parpata. It can be used effectively in allergies in form of decoction or paste.

Vernacular Names and Classification

Botanical Name Fumaria Indica
Family Fumariaceae
Synonyms Fumaria parviflora var. indica, Fumaria vaillantii var. indica
Native Names
Sanskrit Name Parpata, Parpatakah, Parpataka
Hindi Name Pitta Papada, Dham Gajara, Pitpapra, Pitpapda
English Name Fine Leaf Fumitory, Fine-Leaved Fumitory, Indian fumitory
Malayalam Name Parpataka Pullu
Kannada Name Kallu Sabasige
Marathi Name Pitpapra

Ayurvedic Reference of Pitpapra (Fumaria indica)

Morphology of Pitpapra (Fumaria indica)

  • Annual herb 
  • Taproot system present 
  • Stem is herbaceous, erect
  • Leaves are simple, narrow 
  • Inflorescence is raceme
  • Flowers are small
  • Fruits are globose nut

Geographical Distribution of Pitpapra (Fumaria indica)

It is a cosmopolitan plant. Very commonly found herb, everywhere in the country.

Phytoconstituents of Pitpapra (Fumaria indica)

The plant contains phytoconstituents Fumaramine, Fumaricine, Fumaridine, Fumariflorines, Fumariline, Fumaritine, Parfumidine, Parfumine, Parviflorine, Stigmasterol, Adlumidieciene, Adlumine, Adlumidine, and Sanguinarine, etc.

Parts Used of Pitpapra (Fumaria indica)

  • Whole plant 

Dosage of Pitpapra (Fumaria indica)

  • Decoction (Kwatha) – 50-100 ml
  • Paste (Kalka) – 1-3 g

Medicinal Properties of Pitpapra (Fumaria indica)

  • Trsnahara – Relieves excessive thirst 
  • Dahasamaka – Relieves burning sensation 
  • Twakrogahara – Relieves diseases of the skin 
  • Jwarahara – Relieves fever 
  • Varnya – Promote skin complexion 
  • Rucya – Useful in anorexia
  • Kushtaghna – Relieves infectious skin diseases 
  • Chardighna – Useful in vomiting 

Dr. Sahil Gupta Allergy Specialist

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– Dr. Sahil Gupta (B.A.M.S., M.H.A.)

Ayurvedic Allergy Specialist
CEO & Founder of IAFA®

Home Remedies of Pitpapra (Fumaria indica)

Ayurveda is an ancient system of medicine popular in India. The treatment system adopted by Ayurveda is purely based on naturally available herbs. Pitpapra is one of the most widely used herb. Due to its high medicinal value, it is used in treating many diseases like:-

  • In Vomiting (Chardi) – Decoction of whole parts of Pitpapra taken will check vomiting.
  • In Fever (Jwara) – Pitpapra is taken, crushed, and made into a decoction. It is taken to cure fever.
  • In Intrinsic hemorrhage (Raktapitta) – Juice of Pitpapra, Ficus benghalensis leaves and Clitoria ternatea is mixed together and taken with honey.
  • In Bleeding piles (Raktarsas)  – Pitpapra is processed with ghee and washed over the pile mass to check bleeding.
  • In Erysipelas (Visarpa) – Juice of Pitpapra is processed with ghee and applied over wounds that occurred because of erysipelas.
  • In Ulcers (Vrna)  – Oil processed with the juice of Pitpapra is useful in vrna.
  • In Excessive thirst (Trisna) – Water processed with Pitpapra is used to drink repeatedly.
  • In Burning sensation (Daha) – Ghee processed with Pitpapra is applied over areas with a burning sensation. 

Article Written By: Dr. Sahil Gupta (B.A.M.S., M.H.A.)

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