Durva – Cynodondactylon
Durva, commonly known as Conch grass is one of most commonly used herb for the alleviation of many diseases including viral infections and allergic conditions. The name Durva itself means that the plant alleviate many diseases. It is also known as Sathaveerya because it has many actions. It alleviate aggravated Kapha and Pitta doshas and is used to cure different diseases.
Dr.Gupta’s Institute of Applied Food and Allergy have been studying on readily available herbs for the purpose of alleviating allergic condition. Our experts have conducted studies on Durva and proven the plant’s therapeutic activities like Antiviral, Hemostatic, Diuretic, Astringent, Aphrodisiac, Anthelmintic and Antiallergic actions etc. Durva can be used in various diseases like herpes, hemorrhage, ulcers etc. Secondary metabolites of Durva can be used in diabetic retinopathy. Extract of fractions of Durva shows both protective and curative effects on renal calculi. Methanolic extract of Durva also shows aphrodisiac actions. Extract of aerial parts of this plant is used as a potent anthelmintic. Nowadays Durva is also used in treatment of allergic diseases.
Action of Durva – Cynodondactylonin Allergies
IAFA experts have successfully proven the antiallergic property of the plant Durva. The plant contains phytoconstituents like beta corotene, carotene, vitamine-C, palmitic acid, triterpenoids, arundoin, friedelin, selenium, ergonovine etc. These phytoconstituents aids the antiallergic and antiviral property of Durva. It can be used effectively in allergies in form of decoction or paste.
Vernacular names and Classification
|Sanskrit Name||Durva, Ananta, Sataveerya|
|English Name||Conch grass|
|Malayalam Name||Karukapullu, Belikaraka|
Ayurveda reference of Durva – Cynodondactylon
Morphology of Durva – Cynodondactylon
- Perennial glabrous grass.
- Stem slender, prostrate, widely creeping.
- Leaves 2-10 cm by 1.25-3 mm, narrowly linear or lanceolate, finely acute to pungent.
- Inflorescence spike.
Geographical distribution of Durva – Cynodondactylon
It is a cosmopolitan plant. Very commonly found grass, everywhere in country.
Phytoconstituents of Durva – Cynodondactylon
The plant contains phytoconstituents like beta corotene, carotene, vitamine-C, palmitic acid, triterpenoids, arundoin, friedelin, selenium, ergonovine etc.
Parts used of Durva – Cynodondactylon
- Whole plant
Dosage of Durva – Cynodondactylon
- Juice (Swarasa) – 10-20 ml
- Decoction (Pancangakwatha) – 50-100 ml
- Paste (Kalka) – 1-3 g
Medicinal Properties of Durva – Cynodondactylon
- Trsnahara – relieves excessive thirst
- Dahasamaka – relieves burning sensation
- Twakrogahara – relieves diseases of skin
- Jwarahara – relieves fever
- Varnya – promote skin complexion
- Rucya – useful in anorexia
- Kushtaghna- relieves infectious skin diseases
- Chardighna – useful in vomiting
Home remedies of Durva – Cynodondactylon
Ayurveda is an ancient system of medicine popular in India. The treatment system adopted by Ayurveda is purely based on naturally available herbs. Durva is one of the most widely used herb. Due to its high medicinal value it is used in treating many diseases like,
- In Intrinsic haemorrhage (Raktapitta) – Juice of Durva, Ficusbengalensis leaves and Clitoriaternatea is mixed together and taken with honey.
- In Bleeding piles (Raktarsas) – Durva is processed with ghee and washed over the pile mass to check bleeding.
- In Erysipelas (Visarpa) – Juice of Durva is processed with ghee and applied over wounds occurred because of erysipelas.
- In Ulcers (Vrna) – Oil processed with juice of Durva is useful in vrna.
- In Excessive thirst (Trisna) – Water processed with Durva is used to drink repeatedly.
- In Burning sensation (Daha) – Ghee processed with Durva is applied over areas with burning sensation.
- In Vomiting (Chardi) – Decoction of whole parts of Durva taken will check vomiting.
- In Fever (Jwara) – Durva is taken, crushed and made into a decoction. Is taken to cure fever.
Article Written By: Dr. Sahil Gupta, Ayurvedic Allergist