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Bhumi Amla (Phyllanthus Niruri)

Bhumi Amla or Bhumi Amalaki - Phyllanthus niruri

Bhumi Amla or Bhumi Amalaki scientifically known as Phyllanthus niruri is a tropical herb that grows up to the height of 70 centimeters. The presence of Amla ( Indian gooseberry) like fruits under the leaves are the main feature of this herb. The herb got its name -Bhumi Amla -because, compared to other Amla (Indian gooseberry), this herb is close to the Earth or Bhumi.

 

Dr.Gupta’s Ayurvedic research unveiled various action of this herb. Our specialists have attained splendid results in allergic disorders by using this herb as the main ingredient. This herb is one among the multipotent Ayurvedic medicine which is having great actions like anti-allergic, anti-fungal, anti-viral, febrifugal, anti-viral, anodyne, astringent, appetizer, lithotriptic and laxative. The extract of this medicine is used in managing Hepatitis and HIV cases.

Importance of Bhumi Amla In Allergies

Phyllanthus niruri has extensive anti- allergic properties and has clinically proven history in pharmacological immunomodulatory action. Arabinogalactan(AG, a biopolymer obtained from Bhumi Amla aqueous herbal preparations is found to having immunological properties.

 

Ayurvedic researches and evidences prove the  Kapha and Pitta balancing quality of Bhumi Amla. It is beneficial in the conditions of allergies, cough, bronchitis, asthma and conjunctivitis. In combination with other herbs it is also used  skin disease like scabies and ring worms. Phyllanthus niruri due to its multiple pharmacological actions  is the prime drug of choice in our different type of anti-allergic preparations.

Botanical Classification and Native Names

Botanical NamePhyllanthus  Niruri
FamilyMalpighiales – Phyllanthaceae
Native Names
Common Name Phyllanthus, Stonebreaker
Sanskrit NameBahupatra, Tamalaki
Hindi NameBhumi Amla, Jangli Amla
Urdu NameBhumi Amala
Spanish NameChanca Piedra
Gujrati NameBhanya Amli
Delhi NameDhadhan, Monk
Telugu NameNela Usirikaya
Tamil NameKeelanelli
Kannada NameBhu Nelli, Nelli Nelli
Marathi NameBhui Avla, Bhui Amla

Phytomorphology of Bhumi Amla Phyllanthus niruri

Phyllanthus niruri is commonly known as “Chanca piedra” is an annual weed, growing up to 2 -3 feet height and having ascending hairless branching with small leaves at the base. The leafs are decorated with flowers and fruits.

 

Bhumi Amla is  identified by the small green elliptical shaped leaves having no stalk that is growing from the stem. The leaves are arranged  alternatively and closely on either side of the stem having two short petiole and stipules. The small, unisexual, monoecious flowers of yellow color often added with red tone are present on Phyllanthis niruri.  Male flowers are having 1 to 3 sessile stamens and female flowers are having solitary nature. Fruit are in the form of smooth and tiny capsule of 2 to 3 millimeter in diameter. Stem is moderately hard. The whole plant can be taken for attaining juice for treatment purposes.

Phytogeography of Bhumi Amla Phyllanthus Niruri

Bhumi Amla is a widespread herb which is distributed all over the coastal of India. It is a common species seen worldwide in the tropical countries. In the sub-ranges of the Himalayas,   Phyllanthus niruri is found up to the height of  nearly 1200 feet.

Phytoconstituents of Bhumi Amla Phyllanthus Niruri

Different classes of organic compounds with various medicinal uses have been found in Phyllanthus niruri. Lignans, tannins, polyphenols, alkaloids, flavonoids, terpenoids and steroid phyllanthin, hypophyllanthin, glycosides, ellagitannins, ricinoleic acid, niruriside & phyltetralin, acidic arabinogalactan and diterpenes can be found in this herb. The presence of all the above mentioned chemical constituents makes it a prime herb in treating skin allergy, food allergy and nasal allergy along with various other diseases.

Ayurvedic Reference of Bhumi Amla -Phyllanthus niruri

Parts Used of Bhumi Amla Phyllanthus Niruri

Bhumi Amla whole Plant is used as an internal medication for oral intake generally. Its paste is also applied in various skin ailments.

  • Stems 
  • Leaves
  • Fruits 
  • Flowers 
  • Roots

Dosage of Bhumi Amla Phyllanthus Niruri

  • POWDER (CHOORNAM) – 3-6 gm per day
  • JUICES (SWARAS)- 20-30 ml two times a day

Medicinal Properties and Uses of
Bhumi Amla Phyllanthus Niruri

  • Rochak- improves taste and appetite hence useful in anorexia and indicated in Pandu (anemia)
  • Pittashamak- recommended in bleeding disorders with increased Pitta dosha level,  such as nasal bleeding (Raktapitta) and menorrhagia (heavy and prolonged menstrual bleeding)
  • Kaphaja Kushta- useful skin diseases 
  • Vishaghan- cures toxic conditions like food and drug poisoning 
  • Shwasahari- used in treating chronic respiratory disorders like asthma 
  • Trishna shamana – used in excessive thirst and dry mouth 
  • Dahahar- Cures Pitta dosha predominant allergies causing symptoms like burning sensation and gastritis 
  • Hidhma shamaka- relieves from hiccough
  • Kasa hara-  curescommon cold and cough
  • Pittamehahara- used in treating diabetes predominant with Pitta dosha vitiation
  • Mutrarogahara– used in  urinary tract disorders

Home Remedies of Bhumi Amla Phyllanthus Niruri

Phyllanthus niruri  is used in Ayurveda from the ancient times (more than 2000 years) as a medicine.

  • Bhumi Amla in food allergies: Fresh cold press juice (Swaras) 5 to 10 ml of leaves is given to the children below 7 early in the morning to treat food intolerance.
  • Bhumi Amla in fever: Herbal tea preparation of Bhumi Amla leaves are useful in enteric fever relapse.
  • Bhumi Amla in eye allergies: Fine crushed paste of this plant centrifuged and   applied over the eye lids to treat conjunctivitis and blepharitis. 
  • Bhumi Amla in nasal alergies: Fresh juice of whole plant is recommended as a nasal drop to cure nasal allergies and infections. 
  • Bhumi Amla in skin allergies: Fine paste of Bhumi Amla leaves are applied over the affected part of skin in case of infections and allergies. Leaf decoction (60 ml dose per day) is widely use as a blood purifier to treat skin diseases.

Article Written By: Dr. Sahil Gupta, Ayurvedic Allergist

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