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ASWATHA (Ficus religiosa)

ASWATHA –Ficus religiosa

It is commonly known as Sacred fig. It is also known as Peepal tree. This plant has religious significance in India.  In Sanskrit it is also known as Pippala. 

Dr.Gupta’s IAFA has been continuously working on the plant Aswatha for discovering more medicinal properties the plant. Our experts found out that the plant can act as antiulcer, antibacterial, antidiabetic, antibacterial, antidiarrhoeal, antiprotozoal, antiviral agent. It is used in the treatment of gonorrhea and skin diseases, cancer, inflammation, or infectious diseases, fever, asthma etc.

Action of Aswatha – Ficus religiosainAllergies

IAFA has been conducting various studies on Aswatha found out the antiallergic and anti-inflammatory actions of the plant. The various chemical constituents present in this plant shows anti-inflammatory activity. Aswatha is very useful in skin diseases by its anti-inflammatory and anti-histamine activity.

Vernacular names and Classification

Botanical Name Ficus religiosa 
Family Moraceae 
Native Names
Sanskrit Name Pippala,Aswatha
Hindi Name Pipal
English Name Sacred fig
Malayalam Name Arrayal 
Kannada Name Aralimara 
Telungu Name Ravichettu 

Ayurveda reference of Aswatha – Ficus religiosa

Morphology of Aswatha – Ficus religiosa

  • Large, deciduous tree 
  • Leaves –simple, alternate, coriaceous, shining, long petioled, ovate – rotund, new leaves are coppery coloured
  • Flowers – unisexual, inflorescence a syconia, receptacles in pairs,axillary and sessile
  • Fruits – small fig

Geographical distribution ofAswatha – Ficus religiosa

Aswatha is found all over India especially in sub tropical and tropical forests and sub Himalayan tracks.

Phytoconstituents of Aswatha – Ficus religiosa

The phytoconstituents found in Aswatha are phenols, tannins, steroids, alkaloids and flavonoids, β-sitosteryl-D-glucoside, vitamin K, n-octacosanol, methyl oleanolate, lanosterol, stigmasterol, lupen-3-one, essential amino acids, isoleucine, and phenylalanine, phytosterolin, albuminoids, carbohydrate, fatty matter, kaempeferol, quercetin, and myricetin, carbohydrate, protein, lipid, calcium, sodium, potassium, and phosphorus. The aqueous extract of bark of Aswatha contains phytosterols, flavonoids, tannins, bergapten and begaptol.

Parts used of Aswatha – Ficus religiosa

  • Bark 
  • Fruit 
  • Leaves 

Dosage of Aswatha – Ficus religiosa

  • Decoction – 50 – 100 ml
  • Powder      -3-6 gms

Medicinal Properties of Aswatha – Ficus religiosa

  • Varnya – Improves body complexion
  • Vrunaropana – Relieves ulcers 
  • Rakthasamgrahana – Arrest bleeding
  • Yonivisodhana – Cleanses uterus
  • Kaphaghna –Pacifies Kpha dosha
  • Pittaghna –Pacifies Pitta dosha 

Home remedies ofAswatha – Ficus religiosa

In Ayurveda the treatment of different kinds of diseases are done by naturally availing non toxic drugs. We are continuously working on these plants to find out its pharmacological actions. IAFA have done so many studies on the plant Aswatha and found out that it has wide range of actions. Some of the home remedies are given below.

  • Heart diseases (Hrudroga) – Soaking of leaves overnight and consumption of its extracts thrice a day.
  • Wound healing (Vruna ropana) – Leaves are tied over wound.
  • Constipation – 5 gm of powder of leaves taken along with jaggery and Hingu for 3 days.
  • Fever (Jvara) –Jucice from 5 leaves of Aswatha is taken and mixed ½ glass of milk and taken internally for 3 days.
  • Jaundice – The extract of leaves of Aswatha is taken along with Tippali powder for 7 days.
  • Nasal bleeding – Few drops of leaves sap is putted on the nostrils.
  • Skin diseases – Paste of bark powder is mixed with honey is applied externally for 7 days.
  • Mumps – Bandage of leaves coated with ghee for 3 days 

Article Written By: Dr. Sahil Gupta, Ayurvedic Allergist

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