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Ardraka (Zingiber officinale)

Ardraka – Zingiber officinale

Ardraka commonly known as Ginger, is a perennial herb having root rhizomes as the most useful part. The word ‘Zingiber’ indicates the presence of aromatic rhizomes and ‘officinale’ indicates it is widely used as a medicine. Ginger is one of the most commonly used medicinal herb as well as food spicing agent.  When Ginger is dried, it is known as ‘Sunti’(as per Sanskrit).


Zingiber officinale or Ardraka is one of the most significant herb in Ayurveda as well as in allopathic science. Ginger have many pharmacological actions like Rubefacient, Stimulant, Carminative, Anti allergic and Anti microbial. Studies conducted by Dr. Gupta’s IAFA have proven that Ginger possess anti glycating potential and delays diabetic cataract. Ginger also acts as an immuno modulator and aids in cell mediated responses. The hydro alcoholic extract of Ginger rhizomes helps in alleviation of lung inflammation. Zingiber officinale also enhances the thermic effect of food and promotes quality of food thereby acting as a carminative. Ginger can act as a potential cognitive enhancer too. Many experiments conducted on effects of Ginger in gastric emptying and motility and found to be successful.

Action of Zingiber officinale or Ardraka in Allergies

The studies conducted by IAFA have shown that Ginger can be used as anti allergic herb. Ginger contains chemical constituents like Camphene, Phellandrene, Zingiberine, Cineol, Borneol, Gingerin etc. The phyto contents present in Ardraka helps in the antiallergic and antimicrobial activities of the herb. Consuming the extract of Zingiber officinale along with old jaggery is useful in the case of Urticaria (Sheetapitta or Sitapitha). The extract of the squeezed rhizome have found to be very useful against skin allergic conditions.

Vernacular Names and Botanical Classification

Botanical name Zingiber officinale
Family Scitamineae
Vernacular Names
Hindi name  Adrak (fresh), Aadi
Sanskrit name Ardraka, Moolaja, Ardra Shaka, Gulma moola, Anupama
English name  Zingiber officinale
Tamil name Inji
Bengali name Ada
Marathi name Aale
Kannada name Hasi Shunti, Shunti
Telgu name Alla, Allamu
Gujrati name Adu
Punjabi name Adrak, Ada, adrak, ad
Malayalam name Inchi 
Arabic name Janjabeele Ratab

Ayurvedic Reference of Ardraka

Parts and dosage Used of Ardraka – Zingiber officinale


  • Powder (choornam) – 1-2 gm per day
  • Juice (swaras)– 5-10 per day
  • Syrup-2.5ml per day

Medicinal Properties and Uses of Ardraka – Zingiber officinale

  • Food intolerances: In indigestion, vomiting, nausea, bloating anorexia, abdominal colicky pain, flatulence, IBS and other gastrointestinal ailments. 
  • Chest and nasal allergy: found very effective in cough and cold, asthma, rhinitis and sinusitis.
  • Skin allergy: used externally in insect sting allergy and urticarial rashes.
  • Immune-modulator: helps to strengthen immunity.
  • Throat disorders: relieves throat pain and swelling.

Dr. Sahil Gupta

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– Dr. Sahil Gupta (B.A.M.S., M.H.A.)

Ayurvedic Allergy Specialist
CEO & Founder of IAFA®

Home remedies of Zingiber officinale or Ardraka

Ayurveda has recorded evidence dates back from more than 3000 years. Herbal home remedies were popular from the origin of Ayurveda. Ginger is one among popular herb which is used a herb as well as food spicing agent at the same time. 

  • In case of Urticaria (Sheeta pitta): The rhizomes of Ardraka collected and squeezed to obtain the extract (swarasa) and old jaggery is added with this extract and consumed orally twice daily helps in the management of Urticaria.
  • In Loss of appetite (Agnimandya): Consuming a small piece of fresh Ginger along with a pinch of salt, before the intake of food is found to be useful in increasing appetite.
  • In Anorexia (Aruchi): Retaining luke warm Ginger juice added with a pinch of salt in mouth is useful in case of Anorexia.
  • In Haemorrhoids (Arsas): Ginger rhizomes are collected and cleaned well, and then it is cut into pieces. Decoction made with these pieces and Dolichos biflorus (Kulatta) is very useful in Haemorrhoids. Decoction can be taken daily at a dose of 60 ml.
  • In Duodenal Ulcers (Parinama sula): Ginger rhizomes are collected and dried well. The dried Ginger made into a paste and then added with Sesamum indicum (Tila) and Jaggery. The whole mixture again grinded well and consumed along with milk is beneficial in case of Duodenal ulcer.
  • In Oedema (Sotha or Sopha): Equal quantity of Zingiber officinale, Boerhavia diffusa (Punarnava) and Jaggery are taken and made into decoction. Consuming this decoction twice daily on a dose of 60 ml will cure Oedama.
  • In Diarrhoea (Visucika): Ginger dried and made into decoction with Aegle marmelos, drinking this decoction daily will alleviate Diarrhoea.

Article Written By: Dr. Sahil Gupta, Ayurvedic Allergist


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