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    Tvak (Cinnamomum zeylanicum)

    Tvak – Cinnamomum zeylanicum

    Tvak is commonly known as Cinnamon bark. Tvak is a Sanskrit name. The useful part of the plant is bark hence got the name Tvak.  It is theone of the main spices in India. It can acts as an appetizer and also helps in the proper digestion of indigested food by stimulating the secretion of digestive enzymes. It has many medicinal values and it is an important drug in Ayurveda. The inner bark of the plant is mainly used for the medicinal and cooking purposes.


    Dr. Gupta’s IAFA has been consistently working on Tvak plant for discovering more medicinal properties. Our experts found out that the plant can act as an antiallergic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antibacterial, antifungal, antidiabetic, anticancer, hypolipidemic agent. Our experts have conducted many studies on this plant and found out that Cinnamomumzeylanicum contains aldehydes, acetate, alcohol, terpinenes, flavonoids, alkaloids, anthraquinone, coumarins, phenols, steroids etc.

    Action of Tvak–Cinnamomum zeylanicum in Allergies

    IAFA has been conducting various studies on Tvak to find out the antiallergic and antiinflammatory properties of the plant. It acts as an expectorant.The plant contains phytoconstituents like aldehydes, acetate,  alcohol, terpinenes, flavonoids, alkaloids, anthraquinones, coumarins, phenols, saponins, tannins, carboxylic acid, hydrocarbons, camphene, fattyacids, lignans, steroids, propenoides etc . Bythe presence of these phytoconstituents it shows anti-inflammatory ,antioxidant properties.

    Vernacular Names and Botanical Classification

    Botanical NameCinnomomum zeylanicum
    Native Names
    Sanskrit Nameत्वक्, स्वाद्वी, किंवा त्वक्स्वाद्वी, तनुत्वक् तथा दारुसिता
    Hindi NameDalchini
    English NameCinnamon
    Malayalam NameKaruvapatta
    Kannada NameChakke
    Telungu NameDalchinichakka

    Ayurveda reference ofTvak–Cinnamomum zeylanicum

    Morphology ofTvak–Cinnamomum zeylanicum

    • Grows upto 10-15 metres.
    • Bark – thick ,smooth
    • Bark peeled off when tree gets matured.
    • Leaves – ovate, dark green in colour
    • Flowers – numerous, in silky pubescent panicles
    • Fruit – dark purple colored, oblong or ovoid oblong 

    Geographical distribution ofTvak–Cinnamomum zeylanicum

    The plant is distributed in different parts of the world. It is commonly found in Srilanka, Western Ghats, Malaysia, Myanmar and other South Eastern countries.

    Phytoconstituents ofTvak–Cinnamomum zeylanicum

    The plant contains phytoconstituentslike Essentialoils,Cinnamaldehyde ,Eugenol in leaves and bark ; Camphor in root bark; trans-Cinnamyl acetate and caryophyllene in fruits ; terpene hydrocarbons oxygenated terpenoides in buds.

    Parts used ofTvak–Cinnamomum zeylanicum

    • Stem bark 
    • Leaves
    • Oil 


    Dosage ofTvak–Cinnamomum zeylanicum

    • Stem bark powder –    1-3 gms
    • Leaves powder    –   500 mg -1 gm
    • Oil  –        2-5 drops

    Medicinal Properties ofTvak–Cinnamomum zeylanicum

    • Sugandhi-aromatic
    • Sukrajanaka- increases the transformation of sukradhatu
    • Balya –gives body strength
    • Varnya- improves skin complexion 
    • Mughasosaghna –relieves dryness of mouth
    • Trusnanigraha – alleviates thirst
    • Grahi -absorbent
    • Dipana -appetizer
    • Pacaka- digestant
    • Sonitasthapana– stops bleeding
    • Krmighna- anti microbial action

    Home remedies of Tvak–Cinnamomum zeylanicum

    Treatments in Ayurveda is based on naturally available drugs without any side effects. Dr. Gupta’s IAFAis conducting many studies on the drugs described in Ayurvedic texts and found out wide spectrum of uses of these plants. The plant Tvak also possesses many medicinal properties. Some of the medicinal uses of the plant are decribed below.

    • In Dryness of mouth (Mukhasosa) –   Tvak, Musta and Ela are taken in equal quantity of 20 gms and crushed, added to 200 ml of water and reduced to 60 ml . Then the filtered  solution is used  for holding inside mouth( gandusha) for 5-10 minutes.
    • In Indigestion (Ajirna)-5 gms of powder of Tvak is taken orally with honey.
    • In vomiting (Vamana)-  A small piece of Tvak is kept in mouth for half an hour
    • In Diarrhea (Atisara) – 50 gm of Tvak is taken ,added with 200 ml of water ,boiled and reduced to 60 ml . This decoction is taken orally .
    • In excess menustrual bleeding (Pradara)- 10 gm of Tvak powder is mixed with 20 ml juice of flowers of the plant  Asoka and taken internally.
    • In cough (Kasa) –Tvak (2gm), Ela(4 gm ),Pippali (8 gm) and Sugar (16 gms) powdered and taken with honey and ghee.
    • In diabetes (Prameha) – Intake of 1 -3 gms of Tvak powder daily lowers blood sugar level.
    • In Acne (Mukhadushika)- Powder of Tvak along with honey is applied over face and remove after 20 minutes.

    Article Written By: Dr. Sahil Gupta, Ayurvedic Allergist


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