Home Herbs A to Z Patola (Trichosanthes dioica)

Patola (Trichosanthes dioica)

Patola -Trichosanthes dioica

Patola is commonly known as pointed gourd. It is also called as Parwal. It looks like Ivy gourd, but it is a little bigger than Ivy gourd.Patola is used as a vegetable in Bengladesh and Northern part of India. It is cultivated mostly during rainy seasons. Leaves and fruits are mainly used for the cooking purposes. It is a good source of vitamins and minerals. Because of its valuable medicinal properties, it is one of the most important drugs in Ayurveda.


Dr.Gupta’s IAFA has been consistently working on Patola for discovering more medicinal properties of the plant. Our experts found out that the plant can act as antipyretic, diuretic, cardiotonic, laxative, antiulcer, anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic, antihyperlipidemic, antihelminthic agent. The roots of the plant contain trichosanthins, saponins, fixed oil, essential oil and tannins. Fatty acids like linolenic acid, oleic acid, oleostearic acid, trichosanic acid, curcubita-5,24 dienol are present in stem of the plant. The leaves contains carbohydrates, fat , fiber and minerals- calcium and phosphorous. Fruit contains  vitamin A, vitamin C, nicotinic acid and thiamin.

Action of Patola–Trichosanthes dioica in Allergies

IAFA has been conducting various studies on Patola to found out the antiallergic and anti-inflammatory actions of the plant. The various chemical constituents present in the plant shows anti-inflammatory activity. Patola is very useful in skin diseases by its anti-inflammatory and anti-histamine activity.

Vernacular Names and Botanical Classification

Botanical NameTrichosanthes dioica
Native Names
Sanskrit Nameपटोलः, कुलकस्तिक्तः, पाण्डुकः, कर्कशच्छदः
Hindi NameLavang, Laung
English NamePointed gourd
Malayalam NameKattupadavalam
Kannada NameKadupadavala 
Telungu NameKambupotala

Ayurveda reference ofPatola–Trichosanthes dioica

Morphology of Patola– Trichosanthes dioica

  • Perennial herb
  • Climber
  • Roots – tuberous taproot system
  • Stem- slender, climbing,seabrous 
  • Leaves –ovate, oblong, cordate, dark green colored
  • Flowers – dioecious type, white colored,tubular
  • Fruits – green with white stripes,orange-red when ripe.
  • Seeds – ellipsoid

Geographical distribution of Patola – Trichosanthes dioica

It is distributed in India especially in Australia, Northern part of India , Bengladesh, West Bengal,Pakistan,Nepal and Sri Lanka etc. 

Phytoconstituents of Patola –Trichosanthes dioica

The phytoconstituents found in the plant Trichosanthes dioica arevitamin A, vitamin C,tannins,saponins,alkaloids etc.

Parts used of Patola – Trichosanthes dioica

  • Whole plant

Dosage of Patola– Trichosanthes dioica

  • Juice  (swarasa)  – 10-20 ml
  • Decoction  (kwatha)- 50- 100 ml

Medicinal Properties of Patola –Trichosanthes dioica

  • Pacaka – helps to digest undigested food
  • Hrdya  – good forheart 
  • Agnidipaka – increases the secretion of digestive enzymes
  • Kasaghna – relieves cough
  • Jvaraghna- relieves fever
  • Krimighna – removes worms
  • Balya- gives strength to the body
  • Visaghna- antitoxic activity

Home remedies of Patola –Trichosanthes dioica

In Ayurveda the treatment of different kinds of diseases are done by naturally availing non toxic drugs. We are continuously working on these plants to find out its  pharmacological actions. IAFA have done so many studies on the plant Patola and foud out that it has wide range of actions. Some of the home remedies are given below.

  • In Fever –25 gm each ofLeaves of Patola and Dhanyaka are taken and added with 200 ml of water ,boiled and reduced to 50 ml. Take this decoction internally for 3 days.
  • In Skin disease – juice prepared from 10 gms of Guduchi and leaves of Patola are taken, applied over the affected part externally.
  • In cough – 10 ml of juice prepared from leaves of Vasa and stalk of Patola along with honey is taken orally for  5 days.
  • In Jaundice – 10 ml of  juice prepared from  leaves and fruits of Patola is taken internally for 7 days.
  • In Alopecia – the paste made from leaves of Patola and Brungaraja is applied over affected area for 20 inutes.
  • For Purgation – In Pitta predominant diseases, patola decoction is used for purgative purpose. 60 gm of roots and leaves of Patola is taken, added with 200 ml of water ,boiled and reduced to 40 ml and taken internally before food in the morning.
  • In Diabetes– 15 ml  juice of leaves of Patola is taken internally 7 days.
  • In Indigestion – 10 ml juice of leaves of Patola is taken internally with honey.

Article Written By: Dr. Sahil Gupta, Ayurvedic Allergist

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