Home Herbs A to Z Kumari (Aloe vera)

Kumari (Aloe vera)

Kumari – Aloe vera

Kumari,  commonly known as ‘Indian aloe’ is a perennial dwarf fleshy leaved plant having many therapeutic actions. The name Kumari means that the plant can survive with little quantity of water and it has cooling effects. It is cultivated in many regions owing to its medicinal properties and commercial value. The species name ‘vera’ indicates that the plant is native of India. Kumari is one of the most commonly used herb in Ayurveda and Allopathy.

 

Kumari have many therapeutic actions including antiinflammatory, coolant, laxative, diuretic, aphrodisiac etc. Dr.Gupta’s IAFAhas conducted many studies on Kumari and proven that the plant can be used to treat diseases like Jaundice, Splenomegaly, Anemia, Skin allergies, Hemorrhoids, Fever etc. Kumari is found to have excellent wound healing effects. Studies have proven that the plant have antiinflammatory and immunostimulant effects.IAFA experts discovered that intake of Aloe vera gel can reduce body fat and can be used as an anti obesity agent. The aqueous extract of the plant have antiinflammatory actions and helps to cure the wound quickly. Kumari is used extensively in patients of Liver fibrosis due to its antioxidative and antifibrotic effects. Our experts have also proven the effect of Kumari in Skin allergic conditions.

Action of Kumari – Aloe verain Allergies

Kumari has been traditionally used as an antiallergic agent. The extracts of the plant is useful in alleviating skin allergic conditions. The aqueous extract of the leaves can be directly applied on the skin to relieve skin allergy. According to ancient Ayurvedic text books, Kumari is used to treat Skin allergies (Twak vikara) and Leprosy (Kushta). The plant contains phytoconstituents like anthraquinone glycosides, aloin barbaloin, isobarbaloin, homonataloin etc which aids it’s antiallergic actions. IAFA scientists are consistently working on Kumari to bring about new combination to cure skin allergic conditions. 

Vernacular Names and Botanical Classification

Botanical NameAloe vera
FamilyLiliaceae
Native Names
Sanskrit NameKumari
Hindi NameGhikanvar
English NameIndian aloe
Malayalam NameKattar vazha
Kannada NameLolesara
Marathi namePivalaboel

Ayurveda reference of Kumari – Aloe vera

Morphology of Kumari – Aloe vera

  • Kumari is a perennial dwarf fleshy leaved plant
  • The stem is short and thick
  • The leaves are sessile, lanceolate shaped, and spiny toothed at the margin
  • The racemes are long and dense
  • Flowers are pendulous and have yellow or orange color
  • Fruit is locculicidal

Geographical distribution of Kumari – Aloe vera

As it’s common name indicates, Kumari is native to India and is found through out the nation. It is nowadays cultivated because of it’s high medicinal value. 

Phytoconstituents of Kumari – Aloe vera

The plant contains phytoconstituents like anthraquinone glycosides, aloin barbaloin, isobarbaloin, beta barbaloin, aloe emodin, resin, aloetic acid, homonataloin, glucosamine, hexuronic acid, chrysophanic acid and aloesone

Parts used of Kumari – Aloe vera

  • Leaves

Dosage of Kumari – Aloe vera

  • Juice (Swarasa) – 10-20 ml

Medicinal Properties of Kumari – Aloe vera

  • Shotha hara – anti inflammatory 
  • Sula hara- relieves pain
  • Bramhana- promotes strength 
  • Vrshya- aphrodisiac 
  • Kushtaghna – useful in skin diseases
  • Krimighna – useful in worm disease
  • Jwaraghna- cures fever
  • Arsoghna – cures piles

Home remedies of Kumari – Aloe vera

  • In Jaundice (Kamala) – Fresh juice extracted from Kumari is used for nasal medication (Nasya) for a period of 7 days. It can be used effectively to treat Jaundice 
  • In Urticaria (Sitapitta) – Juice of Kumari is extracted and applied along with honey and ghee on skin. 10-20 leaves are squeezed well to obtain the juice. 
  • In Splenomegaly (Pleeha vrdhi) – Juice of Aloe vera  and powder of Curcuma longa are mixed well. It is then taken internally. 
  • In Insect bites (Vishavikara) – Kumari is dried and made into paste with fresh Curcuma longa rhizomes and applied over the bitten area.
  • In Wound (Vrana) – Paste prepared from juice of Aloe and Cuminum cyminum  is applied on the skin. It can heal wound quickly. 
  • In worm infestations (Krimi) – Juice of Kumari is taken with honey can kill harmful worms lying inside the body. The dose should be 10-20 ml
  • In Inflammation (Sodha) – Aloe is dried under sunlight and is made into powder from. Applying this powdered Aloe along with honey will reduce Inflammatory conditions. 
  • In Fever (Jwara) – Oral intake of mixture of Kumari and Tinospora cordifolia leaves in powder form will alleviate fever in 3 days.

Article Written By: Dr. Sahil Gupta, Ayurvedic Allergist

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