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Pippali – Piper longum

Pippali, commonly known as ‘ long pepper’ is one of the herbs with most therapeutic properties. The name ‘pippali’ indicates that the herb can act as a rejuvenative by increasing the depleted Dhatu (Tissue). The botanical name suggests the nature of the fruit of pippali,  which is longer in shape and also the properties of the herb resembles as that of Pepper. 


Pippali is used to treat many diseased conditions like Colic, Vomiting, Cough, Fever, Skin allergic conditions, Inflammatory conditions, Worm infestations etc. Pippali can also act as an appetizer, digestant, carminative, aphrodisiac, stimulant, diuretic and rubefacient. The root extracts of long pepper showed antihyperglycemic and antihyperlipidemic effects. The phytoconstituents in the plant like piperine, is found to be useful against Mycobacterium. Dr.Gupta’sIAFA experts are consistently working on the plant to bring out more therapeutic actions of Pippali.

Action of Pippali – Piper longum in Allergies

Pippali can be widely used for the treatment of Skin allergic conditions. The plant contains phytoconstituents like piperine, piplartine, pipernonaline, n-hexadecane, n-heptadecane, zingiberene etc which aids in it’s antiallergic properties. Pippali alleviates Kapha and Vata doshas and can be used to cure allergic conditions caused by these 2 doshas. Pippali also found to have antimicrobial activities against bacterial species and can be effectively used in inflammatory conditions also.

Vernacular Names and Botanical Classification

Botanical Name Piper longum
Family Piperaceae
Native Names
Sanskrit Name Pippali
Hindi Name Pipli
English Name Long pepper 
Malayalam Name Thippali
Kannada Name Hippali
Marathi name Pipli

Ayurvedic reference of Pippali – Piper longum

Morphology of Pippali – Piper longum

  • Pippali is an ascending or prostrate climber
  • Root stock is erect
  • Stem are stout and have nodes
  • Leaves are broadly ovate and have reticulate venation 
  • Inflorescence is spike
  • Fruits are small ovoid 

Geographical distribution of Pippali – Piper longum

Pippali is found through out India. It is seen abundantly in forests of South India, Central provinces and North India.

Phytoconstituents of Pippali – Piper longum

The plant contains phytoconstituents like  piperine, piplartine, pipernonaline, n-hexadecane, n-heptadecane, zingiberene, n-octadecane, n-nonadecane etc 

Parts used of Pippali – Piper longum

  • Fruits  

Dosage of Pippali – Piper longum

  • Powder(churna)- 5-10 g
  • Aqueous extract (swarasa) – 10-20 ml

Medicinal Properties of Pippali – Piper longum

  • Shothahara – anti inflammatory 
  • Rasayana – Rejuvenative
  • Medhya- promotes intelligence 
  • Deepana-carminative 
  • Vrishya-aphrodisiac 
  • Swasahara- cures asthmatic conditions 
  • Pramehahara – cures diabetes 
  • Vranahara – useful in ulcers and wounds
  • Kushtaghna – useful in skin diseases
  • Krimighna – useful in worm disease
  • Vishaghna – useful in poisoning 
  • Kasahara – cures Cough 
  • Sula hara- Relieves pain
  • Chardigna- cures vomiting

Dr. Sahil Gupta Allergy Specialist

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– Dr. Sahil Gupta (B.A.M.S., M.H.A.)

Ayurvedic Allergy Specialist
CEO & Founder of IAFA®

Home remedies of Pippali – Piper longum

Pippali is one among the most commonly used herb in Ayurveda treatments. The plant have many properties and also abundantly available in most areas. Classic texts have mentioned many usages of Pippali.

  • In Fever (Jwara) – 5-7 fruits of Pippali are collected and made into decoction by adding 4 times water. It is then taken orally.
  • In Colic pain (Sula) Pippali along with Zingiber officinale is made into decoction. Drinking this decoction at a dose of 60 ml can cure colic pain 
  • In vomiting (Chardi) Pippali is consumed along with ghee, honey and sugar. It can immediately alleviate vomiting 
  • In Cough (Kasa) 6-7 fruits of Pippali is taken and powdered well. It is then taken along with Solanumxanthocarpum and honey.
  • In Worm infestation (Krimiroga) Decoction prepared by crushing root of pippali is taken along with Goat’s urine.
  • In Diabetes (Prameha) Decoction made with Pippali and Phyllanthus emblica is taken internally at a dose of 60 ml.
  • As an Aphrodisiac (Vrishya) Daily intake of Pippali at a dose of 2 pippali per day can act as an Aphrodisiac 
  • As a carminative (Deepana) Eating 2-3 Pippali fruits can increase digestive capacity. 

Article Written By: Dr. Sahil Gupta, Ayurvedic Allergist

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