Haridra – Curcuma longa


Haridra, commonly known as ‘Turmeric’ is a tall herb, rootstock large, ovoid, with sessile cylindrical tubers orange-colored inside and cultivated throughout the tropical and other regions in India. The name ‘Haridra’ indicates the yellow colour of rhizomes of the plant. The word ‘Curcuma’ came from its Arabic name Kurkum and ‘longa’ indicates that it is long or tall.  Haridra is one of the most commonly used drugs in bothAyurvedic and Allopathic medical field. The plant have many therapeutic actions.

IAFA conducted various studies in Turmeric to find out the therapeutic actions of the herb. Our experts have successfully proven the activities like hepatoprotective, antiallergic, immunostimulant, anticancer, antitumor, antihyperlipidimic, antioxidant and antimicrobial  property of Haridra. The experienced scholars of IAFA found out that the active phytoconstituent curcumin induces permanent growth arrest of human colon cancer cells. Bisabolene sesquiterpenoids of Haridra is proven to possess anticonvulsant activity with which it extends its therapeutic use in seizures and epilepsy. Curcuma is also proven to possess antidiabetic activity by promoting glucose uptake with increased insulin sensitivity in muscle cells. Curcuma also have antistress and antidepressant activities.  Curcuma have preventive effect on acute pancreatitis. It is brought into action by decreasing pancreas injury and reversing the elevation of serum amylase. 

Action of Haridra – Curcuma longa in Allergies

IAFA experts are putting continuous efforts to prove the antiallergic property of Haridra. The plant contains phytoconstituents like volatile oil, resin, starch grains, curcuminoids, curcumin and volatile oil contains mono and sesquiterpenes such as camphor, camphene, zingiberene, curcumenes etc. These phytoconstituents contribute to its antiallergic and antimicrobial actions. Juice or decoction prepared from this herb can be used to pacify kapha and pitta doshas, and can be used against allergic reactions caused by these doshas.

Vernacular Names

Sanskrit Name Haridra, Nisa,  Krmighna
Hindi Name Haldi
English Name Turmeric 
Malayalam Name Manjal
Kannada Name Arishina
Marathi name Halad

Botanical Name

Curcuma longa



Morphology of Haridra – Curcuma longa

  • Haridra is a tall herb
  • The rootstock large, ovoid, with sessile cylindrical tubers
  • The tubers are orange-colored inside.
  • Leaves very large in size
  • Leaves will grow up to 1.2 meters or more in length. 
  • Flowers in autumnal spikes.

Ayurveda reference of Haridra – Curcuma longa

Ayurveda reference of Haridra - Curcuma longa

Geographical distribution of Haridra – Curcuma longa

Haridra is cultivated throughout the tropical and other regions in India as a commercial crop.

Phytoconstituents of Haridra – Curcuma longa

The plant contains phytoconstituents like volatile oil, resin, starch grains, curcuminoids, curcumin and volatile oil contains mono and sesquiterpenes such as camphor, camphene, zingiberene, curcumenes etc.

Parts used of Haridra – Curcuma longa

  • Rhizome 

Dosage of Haridra – Curcuma longa

  • Decoction(Kwatham)- 50-100 ml 
  • Juice (Swarasa) – 10-20  ml
  • Powder(churna)- 2-4 g

Medicinal Properties of Haridra – Curcuma longa

  • Shotha hara – anti inflammatory 
  • Varnya – increases complexion 
  • Pramehahara – cures diabetes 
  • Vranahara – useful in ulcers and wounds
  • Kushtaghna – useful in skin diseases
  • Krimighna – useful in worm disease
  • Vishaghna – useful in poisoning 
  • Sitapittahara – cures Urticaria
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Home remedies of Haridra – Curcuma longa

  • In Diabetes (Prameha) – Powder of Haridra and Phyllanthus emblica are mixed together in equal quantity and taken in diabetes.  It is said to be the best medicine to control diabetes. 
  • In Ring worm infestation (Dadru kushta) – Haridra powder is taken with cow’s urine and jaggery. It is taken orally for a period of 5 days.
  • In Gout (Vatarakta) – Decoction prepared of Haridra and Tinospora cordifolia is taken with honey. Oral intake of this decoction at a dose of 60 ml per day will cure Gout.
  • In Filariasis (Slipada) – Haridra taken and is powdered well. This powder is taken with cow’s urine and jaggery. It is effective against filariasis.
  • In Thirst (Trisna) due to kapha dosha – Water processed with Haridra is taken with honey and sugar. The mixture can alleviate thirst instantaneously.
  • In Anaemia (Panduroga) – Haridra powder is mixed with powder of Terminalia chebula, Terminalia bellerica and Phyllanthus emblica and taken with ghee and honey.
  • In Insect bite (Visha) – Paste is made with Haridra and Ocimum sanctum and applied over bitten area.
  • In Skin diseases (Kushta) – Paste of Haridra is applied over skin. The paste have antiallergic and antimicrobial property and can cure skin infections.
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Dr.Gupta’sIAFAhas been conducting research programs to identity the phytoconstituents and actions of various drugs used in Ayurveda. IAFA is the provider of high quality medicines and treatment. Our system mainly aims in the growth of Ayurveda science. AIA maintains a strict protocol to ensure the safety of all consumers. The well experienced members of our team are consistently working to find out the most effective ways to cure all diseases especially Allergic disorders and Pediatric cases. All the herbs used in our system are mentioned in the basic texts of Ayurveda and are collected after high level quality check to assure good quality products to our costumers. 

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Dr. Sahil Gupta completed his Bachelor of Ayurveda in Medicine and Surgery (B.A.M.S.) and Master’s Degree in Health Administration (MHA) India. He is Registered Ayurvedic Doctor & Vaidya in India having Registration No. 23780. He is the CEO and founder of IAFA. After completing BAMS, Dr. Sahil Gupta started practicing Ayruveda by giving prime importance to allergic disorders management. He became the first Ayurvedic doctor to cure Food Allergies through Ayurveda. Read More About Dr. Sahil Gupta.

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