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Citraka (Plumbagozeylanica)

Citraka –Plumbagozeylanica

Citraka, commonly known as Ceylon lead wort is one of the most widely used herb in Ayurvedic treatment purposes. The name Citraka means that the plant is very potent that it tears of unwanted growth and is sharp like a spotted Leopard. The plant is very hot in nature and can be used to treat a number of diseases. The word Plumbagoindicates that the plant can cure lead palsy. 

 

Dr.Gupta’s IAFA has been consistently working on Citraka to find out more medicinal properties of the plant. Our experts have successfully proven the activities like Antiallergic, anti-inflammatory, appetizer, digestant, irritant properties of Ceylon. Citraka can be used to treat diseases like Skin disorders, Worn infestations, Cough, Itching, Piles etc. Our IAFA experts are also studying on the antifertility activity of plumbagin free alcohol extract of the plant and found to be successful in initial stages. The root extract of Ceylon can be effectively used as a antimicrobial agent. The crude extracts also have mosquito larvicidal property. Nowadays studies are also conducting to prove the antitumor property of Citraka.

Action of Citraka – Plumbagozeylanicain Allergies

IAFA experts have successfully proven the antiallergic ,antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties of the plant Citraka. The plant contains phytoconstituents like Yielded plumbagin (A naphthoquinone derivative) isozeylinone, chitranone, zeylinone, elliptinone, droserone, B-sitosterol, vanillic acid, plumbagic acid, steroidal glycoside, catechol, tannin, plumbazeylanoneandnaphthalenone and these helps in it’s antiallergic action. Citraka can be used to treat skin allergic conditions. 

Vernacular Names and Botanical Classification

Botanical NamePlumbagozeylanica
FamilyPlumbaginaceae
Native Names
Sanskrit NameCitraka
Hindi NameChita
English NameCeylon lead wort
Malayalam NameVellakkoduveli
Kannada NameChitramula
Marathi NameChitramula

Ayurveda reference of Citraka – Plumbagozeylanica

Morphology of Citraka – Plumbagozeylanica

  • Stem- 1.5-4 ft. long, somewhat woody, spreading,  and glabrous.
  • Leaves -Thin. 4-7 cm long, 2-4 cm wide, ovate, sub acute, entire, glabrous, glaucous beneath, reticulate veined, shortly and abruptly attenuated into a short petiole.
  • Inflorescence- Elongated spike
  • Flowers- Arranged in glandular rachis, white in color
  • Fruit- Capsule, oblong, pointed, pericarp is thin below and hardened .

Geographical distribution of Citraka – Plumbagozeylanica

South Indian  states like Karnataka, Kerala, Tamilnadu & Andhra Pradesh also in West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh.

Phytoconstituents of Citraka – Plumbagozeylanica

Yielded plumbagin (A naphthoquinone derivative) isozeylinone, chitranone, zeylinone, elliptinone, droserone, B-sitosterol, vanillic acid, plumbagic acid, steroidal glycoside, catechol, tannin, plumbazeylanoneandnaphthalenone. 

Parts used of Citraka – Plumbagozeylanica

  • Root 
  • Root bark

 

Dosage of Citraka – Plumbagozeylanica

  • Decoction (kwatha)  – 60 ml
  • Powder (churna)- 5 g

Medicinal Properties of Citraka – Plumbagozeylanica

  • Kushtaghna-alleviate skin disorders 
  • Krimighna – useful in worm infestations  
  • Kandughan- relieves itching 
  • Vishaghna – useful in poisoning 
  • Vranahara – useful in wounds 
  • Kasahara – relieves cough
  • Sulahara-relieves pain
  • Sophahara – relieves swelling 
  • Swasahara – relieves asthma .

Home remedies of Citraka – Plumbagozeylanica

Ayurveda is an ancient treatment system which uses naturally available herbs and materials for the purpose of alleviating diseases. The herbs used in Ayurvedic treatments are toxic free andhave no side effects at all. Citraka is one of the most commonly available herb and can be used to treat diseases like –

  • In Piles (Arsas) – Citraka root is taken and grinded well along with water to obtain paste form. This paste is applied to the vessels and then curd or buttermilk is prepared in this vessel is taken internally. 
  • In Worm infestations (Krimi) –  The root of Citraka is powdered and taken internally along with honey at a dose of 5g daily. 
  • In skin diseases (Kushta) –  Finely powdered Citraka is taken along with urine orally. Drinking this for a period of 7 days can cure skin diseases. 
  • In Diabetes (Prameha)    Decoction prepared with Citraka and Amalaki can be used to control diabetes. 
  • In Vitiligo(Swithra) –  in a jar, Citraka and Piper longum, Piper nigrumand Zingiber officinale taken. To this, cow’s urine and ghee added and kept for 15 days. Then it is taken internally. 
  • In Diarrhoea (Atisara) – Regular usage of Citraka with buttermilk will prevent Diarrhoea. 
  • In Fever (Jwara) – Decoction made with leaves of Citraka and Tulsi taken internally at a dose of 60 ml. 
  • In Inflammation (Sopha) – Paste prepared from Citrakaroot and ghee is applied over the skin part.

Article Written By: Dr. Sahil Gupta, Ayurvedic Allergist

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