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Agnimantha (Premna integrifolia)

Agnimantha – Premna integrifolia

Agnimantha,  is one of the most widely used herb in Ayurvedic treatments. Theplant is commonly known as Wind killer.The nameAgnimantha means that when two dried sticks of the plant rubbed each otherwill produce fire and when administered internally stimulates digestive fire.The word premna indicates the low stature of the species and integrifolia means whole leaves. Agnimantha have many therapeutic actions.

 

Agnimantha is one of the major herbs used in Ayurvedafor antiallergic, antiinflammatory andantimicrobial purposes. Dr.Gupta’s IAFA has been consistently working on the plant for knowing more medicinal properties of Agnimantha. Wind killer plant can be used as a hypoglycemic , anthelmintic , aphrodisiac, anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antimicrobial agent. Agnimantha can cure diseases like Urticaria, Asthma, Piles, Erysipelas , Fever, Worm infestations, Allergies etc. The methanolic extract of the plant have hypoglycemic actions as well as inhibitory effect against castor oil induced diarrhoea. The plant also have analgesic action due to the presence of extracts like petroleum ether, ethyl acetate and methanol.

Action of Agnimantha – Premna integrifolia in Allergies

IAFA experts, byconducting many experiments, have successfully proven the antiallergic and anti-inflammatory properties of the plant Agnimantha. The plant contains phytoconstituents likePremnine (Alkaloid), Ganiarine, Ganikarine, B-sitosterol, Ceryl alcohol, Triterpenes, Clerodin, Polyphenols,Clerodendrin A, Essential oil andthese aids in the antiallergic property of the plant. The crude ethanolic extracts of the plant have anti-inflammatory effects. The Decoction prepared from root of the plant can be used fort treating skin allergic conditions.

Vernacular Names and Botanical Classification

Botanical NamePremna integrifolia 
FamilyVerbinaceae
Native Names
Sanskrit NameArani, Arani, Ganakarika, Jaya, Tarkari, Vataghni, Vaijayanthi, sriparna.
Hindi NameArani
English NameWind killer
Malayalam NameThiruthali
Kannada NameTaggi
Marathi NameAiran

Ayurveda reference of Agnimantha – Premna integrifolia

Morphology of Agnimantha – Premna integrifolia

  • Large shrub or small tree
  • Bark yellowish
  • Leaves wide, broadly elliptical, obtuse 
  • Inflorescence terminal paniculate corymbose cyme
  • Flower greenish yellow

Geographical distribution of Agnimantha – Premna integrifolia

Agnimanthais found throughout India especially in forest areas.

Phytoconstituents of Agnimantha – Premna integrifolia

  • Root-Premnine (Alkaloid), Ganiarine, Ganikarine, B-sitosterol, Ceryl alcohol, Triterpenes, Clerodin, Polyphenols,Clerodendrin A, Essential oil.
  • Stem bark-Betulin, B-sitosteroal, Aphelandrine, D-mannitol.
  • Leaves -Essential oil, Palmitic acid, B-sitosterl. 

Parts used of Agnimantha – Premna integrifolia

  • Root

 

Dosage of Agnimantha – Premna integrifolia

  • Powder -3-5gm (churnam)  
  • Decoction – 50-90ml (kwatha ) 

Medicinal Properties of Agnimantha – Premna integrifolia

  • Jwarahara-alleviates fever
  • Kasahara – relieves cough
  • Sulahara-relieves pain
  • Sophahara – relieves swelling 
  • Swasahara – relieves asthma 
  • Kushtaghna-alleviateskindisorders 
  • Krimighna – useful in worm infestations  
  • Agnivardhaka-Improves digestive fire
  • Vishaghna – useful in poisoning 
  • Vranahara – useful in wounds 

Home remedies of Agnimantha – Premna integrifolia

Ayurveda is a treatment branch that is purely based on naturally available herbs for the alleviation of diseases .The medicines in Ayurveda are completely devoid of any side effects. Agnimantha is a readily available herb .Asit is readily available, it can be used in treating many diseases like, 

  • In Piles (Arsas) – Decoction is prepared from the leaves of Agnimantha and Drum stick plant. This decoction is then used for tub bath for haemorrhoid patients.
  • In Urticaria (Sitapitta) –The roots of Agnimantha taken and crushed to make fine powder. This churna is taken internally at a dose of 5g per day for a period of 7 days.
  • In skin diseases (Kushta)– Agnimantha roots are collected and crushed well. It is then added with water to prepare decoction. Oral intake of this will cure skin diseases.
  • In Diabetes (Prameha) – Decoction of Eranda is taken along with Gooseberry and honey at a dose of 50 ml. It is good for alleviating Diabetes.
  • In Lipuria(Vasameha)- Decoction of Agnimantha is taken at a dose of 60ml per day.
  • In Fever (Jwara) – Decoction made with leaves of Agnimantha and Vasa taken internally at a dose of 60 ml for a period of 3 days.
    In Inflammation (Sopha) – Paste prepared from Agnimantharoot and ghee is applied over the skin part.
  • In Erysipelas (Visarpa) – Paste prepared from leaves of Agnimantha and Vamsa is applied in Erysipelas.

Article Written By: Dr. Sahil Gupta, Ayurvedic Allergist

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