Peanut Allergy – Causes, Symptoms & Ayurvedic Treatment

उपशेतेयदौचित्यादोकसात्म्यंतदुच्यते ||४९|| (च.सू.६/४९)

Peanut allergy is a type of food allergy to peanuts. It is different from tree nut allergies, with peanuts being legumes and not true nuts. It is due to a type I hypersensitivity reaction of the immune system in susceptible individuals. The allergy is recognized “as one of the most severe food allergies due to its prevalence, persistency, and potential severity of the allergic reaction. When a person with a peanut allergy is exposed to peanuts, proteins in the peanut bind to IgE antibodies of the person’s immune system. This triggers the person’s immune defenses, leading to reaction symptoms that can be mild or very severe.

Ayurveda Science explains that an object which is not familiar to body cells and tissues is regarded as Asatmya or unwholesome and Satmya means suitability to some things, which are favorable for one’s own self. Asatmya may be also called Anupashaya or Ahita or Apathya. In other words, it can be said that the factor or particles which disrupt normal physiological functions or damage the dhatus is known as Asatmya. This concept may be correlated to all types of food allergies.

Causes of Peanut Allergy

Peanuts can cause a severe, potentially life-threatening allergic reaction (anaphylaxis). Allergic reactions can be unpredictable, and even very small amounts of peanut can cause one.

Symptoms of Peanut Allergy

Signs and symptoms usually occur within minutes of contact with peanuts, but can also occur up to one hour later. Most allergic reactions are mild but they can also be moderate or severe. Anaphylaxis is the most severe form of allergic reaction which can be life-threatening.

Mild to moderate symptoms include:

  • Itchy mouth, tongue, and throat
  • Swelling of lips, around the eyes or face
  • Red raised itchy rash (often called nettle rash, hives, or urticaria)
  • Vomiting, nausea, abdominal pain, and diarrhea
  • Runny nose and sneezing

Severe symptoms of anaphylaxis include:

  • Swelling of the tongue and/or throat
  • Difficulty in swallowing or speaking
  • Change in voice (hoarse voice)
  • Wheeze (whistling noise) or persistent cough
  • Difficult or noisy breathing
  • Dizziness, collapse, loss of consciousness (due to a drop in blood pressure)
  • Pale, floppy, sudden sleepiness in babies

Ayurvedic Reference of Peanut Allergy

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Ayurvedic Treatment for Peanut Allergy

Any dietary substance will become Asatmya to a person if there is improper digestive fire or Agni. Digestive fire of the body (Agni) becomes weak due to ama visha (metabolic toxin) formation in the body and causes an imbalance of doshas (Vata, Pitta, Kapha are life forces) in the body. Treatment involves Shamana chikitsa (internal medicines), Shodhana chikitsa (Panchakarma therapy), lifestyle modifications, and a very strict diet regimen.

Internal Medicines for Peanut Allergy

  • Guluchyadi Kashaya
  • Drakshadi Kashaya
  • Hingvadi Vati
  • Kutaja ghana Vati
  • Chitrakadi Vati
  • Shivakshara Churna
  • Trikatu Churna
  • Dadimadi Ghritham
  • Guduchi Satva
  • Praval Panchamrit

Purificatory Therapies for Peanut Allergy

  • Vamana (emesis therapy), 
  • Virechna (purgation therapy),
  • Asthapanavasti (medicated enema)

Single Herbs Used in Peanut Allergy

  • Pippalimoola (Piper longum)
  • Chavya (Piper chaba)
  • Sunthi (Zingiber officinale)
  • Amlavetasa (Garcinia pedunculata)
  • Chitraka (Plumbago zeylanica)
  • Pippali (Piper longum)
  • Maricha (Piper nigrum)
  • Haridra (Curcuma longa)
  • Kutaja (Holarrhena Antidysenterica)
  • Bilwa (Aegle marmelos)
  • Musta (Cyperus rotundus)
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Diet Management in Peanut Allergy

Pathya (Do’s)

Foods that can be included in a patient having Peanut allergy are:-

  • Bread products made without peanuts.
  • Candy without peanuts or peanut butter.
  • Desserts made without peanut protein.
  • All fats and oils, except extruded, cold-pressed, or expelled peanut oil.
  • All milk, yogurt, cheese, and eggs.
  • Avoid foods that cause a reaction. Sometimes just touching foods can cause a reaction. Wash hands often. 
  • Read the ingredients lists on food labels to make sure peanuts are not present. Read the list even if you have had the product before. Ingredients may change
  • When you travel bring along some food. 
  • When you eat out, always ask restaurant staff about ingredients in food and how it was prepared. Cooking oils can have allergens.

Apathya (Don’ts)

Foods that should be avoided include:-

  • Arachis oil (another name for peanut oil)
  • Artificial nuts
  • Beer nuts
  • Cold-pressed, expelled, or extruded peanut oil
  • Goobers
  • Groundnuts
  • Lupin (or lupine)—which is becoming a common flour substitute in gluten-free food. A study showed a strong possibility of cross-reaction between peanuts and this legume, unlike other legumes.
  • Mandelonas (peanuts soaked in almond flavoring)
  • Mixed nuts
  • Monkey nuts
  • Nut meat
  • Nut pieces
  • Peanut butter
  • Peanut flour

Yoga Therapy for Peanut Allergy

Yogasanas and pranayama are very effective in Peanut Allergy.

Postures include:-

  • Matsyasana 
  • Paschitmoasana
  • Sarvangasana
  • Pavanamukthasana 
  • Sirsasana 
  • Bhujangasana 

Pranayama include,

  • Kapalbhati
  • Nadishodhana Pranayama 
  • Bhastrika Pranayama

Frequently Asked Questions

Question: What is Peanut allergy?

Answer: Peanuts are a common cause of food allergy, caused when the immune system reacts to the protein found in peanuts.

Question: What are the causes of Peanut allergy?

Answer: Peanut allergy occurs when the immune system of the body mistakenly identifies peanut proteins as something harmful. Direct or indirect contact with peanuts causes the immune system to release symptom-causing chemicals into your bloodstream.

Question: What is the Ayurveda treatment of Peanut allergy?

Answer: If a patient is healthy then sodhan chikitsa (purificatory) should be done with vamana, virechan, and then shaman (palliative) chikitsa should be done with advised diet and medicines.

Question: How Ayurveda treats peanut allergy?

Answer: Ayurvedic treatment of food allergy including peanut allergy includes shaman chikitsa (internal medicines), shodhan chikitsa (panchakarma therapy), lifestyle modifications and a strict diet regimen.

Question: What is peanut allergy according to Ayurveda?

Answer: Due to the accumulation of ama visha (toxins), agni (digestive fire) of the body becomes weak and causes an imbalance of the doshas in the body.

Question: What is the recommended diet for peanut allergy?

Answer: Foods that can be included in the diet are all milk, yogurt, cheese and eggs, desserts with peanuts or peanut butter. Foods that should be avoided include arachis oil, artificial nuts, beer nuts, groundnuts, goobers, mixed nuts etc.

Question: What are the herbs useful in peanut allergy?

Answer: Some herbs that can improve digestion and provide relief in peanut allergy are – turmeric, cumin, coriander, fennel, ginger, black pepper etc. Make sure the food is warm and cooked with these spices.


  1. Charak Samhita Sutra Sthana, Tasyasiteeya, Chapter 6, Sloka 49.
  2. Agnivesha. In: Charaka, Dridhabala, Charak Samhita, Sutra Sthana, 26/81. Reprint. Vaidya Jadavaji Trikamaji Acharaya., editor. Varanasi: Krishnadas Academy; 2000. p. 149.
  3. Ibid. Charak Samhita, Sutra Sthana, 26/84.: 150.

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Dr. Sahil Gupta completed his Bachelor of Ayurveda in Medicine and Surgery (B.A.M.S.) and Master’s Degree in Health Administration (MHA) India. He is Registered Ayurvedic Doctor & Vaidya in India having Registration No. 23780. He is the CEO and founder of IAFA. After completing BAMS, Dr. Sahil Gupta started practicing Ayruveda by giving prime importance to allergic disorders management. He became the first Ayurvedic doctor to cure Food Allergies through Ayurveda. Read More About Dr. Sahil Gupta.

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