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DATURA (Datura metel)

DATURA – Datura metel

Datura is an important medicinal plant used in Ayurveda. In Ayurveda it is incuded in Upavisha category. Even thoughit possesses some toxic properties, it is used to cure many diseases. It depletes the Dhatu of the body, hence it is known as Datura.  It is also known as Kanaka as the seeds of the palnt is yellow in colour. It causes intoxication, so it is known as Unmatta.

 

Dr.Gupta’s IAFA has been continuously working on the plant Datura for discovering more medicinal properties the plant. Our experts found out that the plant can act as anti-inflammatory, expectorant, antispasmodic, antioxidant, cardioprotective agent.  The phytoconstituents found in Datura are Daturine, Daturadiol, Hyoscine, Atropine, Noratropine, Fastudine, Allantoin, Hypocyamine, Norhyosciamine, Tropans, Meteolodine, Scopolamide, Mucilage, Albumin, Vitamin C, Niacin, Malic acid etc.

Action of Datura- Datura metel in Allergies

IAFA has been conducting various studies on Datura found out the antiallergic and anti-inflammatory actions of the plant. The various chemical constituents present in this plant shows anti-inflammatory activity. Datura is very useful in skin diseases by its anti-inflammatory and anti-histamine activity.

Vernacular names and Classification

Botanical Name Datura metel 
Family Solanaceae
Native Names
Sanskrit Name Datura
Hindi Name Dhatura 
English Name Thorn apple
Malayalam Name Ummam 
Kannada Name Ummatte 
Telungu Name Ummetha 

Ayurveda reference of Datura- Datura metel

Morphology of Datura- Datura metel

  • Annual herb, erect, bushy type plant
  • Stem – puplish yellow in colour
  • Leaves- oval shaped and arranged in alternate manner
  • Flowers – funnel shaped and looks like trumpet  yellow, red, violet or greenish white coloured, bisexual, hypogynous
  • Fruit – spinous and hanging downwards, ovate, covered with spikes
  • Seed – spiny
  • Root – cylindrical, branched

Geographical distribution of Datura- Datura metel

It is distributed in hilly districts of Central and South parts of India,
especially in temperate and warmer regions. It also found in Mexico, Tanzania, Uganda, Kenya, Bengladesh, America.

Phytoconstituents of Datura- Datura metel

The phytoconstituents found in Datura are Daturine, Daturadiol, Hyoscine, Atropine, Noratropine, Fastudine, Allantoin, Hypocyamine, Norhyosciamine, Tropans, Meteolodine, Scopolamide, Mucilage, Albumin, Vitamin C, Niacin, Malic acid etc.

Parts used of Datura- Datura metel

  • Seed
  • Flower 
  • Leaves

Dosage of Datura- Datura metel

  • Seed powder –  50 100 mg
  • Leaves powder – 50 – 200 mg

Medicinal Properties of Datura- Datura metel

  • Varnya- Increases body complexion
  • Jataragnivardaka- Increases digestive fire
  • Jwaraghna- Relieves fever
  • Kușthaghna – Relieves skin diseases
  • Visaghna – Helps in detoxification 
  • Krimighna- Relieves worm infestation
  • Swasaghna- Relieves asthma
  • Vedanasthapana- Relieves pain
  • Kasahara- Relieves cough

Home remedies ofDatura- Datura metel

In Ayurveda the treatment of different kinds of diseases are done by naturally availing non toxic drugs. We are continuously working on these plants to find out its pharmacological actions. IAFA have done so many studies on the plant Datura and found out that it has wide range of actions. Some of the home remedies are given below.

  • Swelling (Sopha)- Paste of leaves of Datura is applied over affected area.
  • Fever (Jvara)- 20 gm powder of leaves of Datura is added with 2 glass of water, boiled and reduced to one glass and taken internally for 3 days along with curd.
  • Dandruff – Fruit juice of Datura is applied over scalp and washed out after 20 minutes.
  • Asthma (Swasa)- Smoke from the burning leaves are inhaled for 3 days.
  • Abscess- poultice of leaves of Datura is applied over affected area.
  • Skin disease (Tvak roga)- 20 gm of seeds of Datura is added with 400 ml of water boiled and reduced to 100 ml and taken internally along with ¼ tea spoon of turmeric powder for 7 days.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis – Paste leaves of  of Datura, Castor and Calotropis are applied over inflamed joints for 7 days.
  • Hair fall – Juice of Datura plant applied over scalp and washed out after 20 minutes.

Article Written By: Dr. Sahil Gupta, Ayurvedic Allergist

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