Home Herbs A to Z Hingu (Ferula foetida)

    Hingu (Ferula foetida)

    Hingu – Ferula foetida

    Hingu, commonly known as Asafetida or Devil’s dung is one of most commonly found herb in India. It is widely used as an antimicrobial, anthelmintic and antiallergic agent. The name Hingu means that it will be perceived quickly by nose because of its penetrating quality. It is otherwise called Janthughna or Janthunasaka which means it kill worms. 

     

    Dr.Gupta’s IAFA have been studying on readily available herbs for the purpose of alleviating allergic condition. Our experts studied on Hingu and proven the plant’s therapeutic activities like Anthelmintic, Carminative, Nurvine stimulant, Antimicrobial, Antiepileptic, Anthelmintic, Contraceptive, Diaphoretic, Antiallergic actions etc. Hingu can be used in various conditions like alcoholism, insanity, earache etc.  Essential oils obtained from Hingu are potent antimicrobial and antioxidants in nature. Gum extract of this herb shows promotive effect on learning and memory. The phenols and flavanoids present in flower, stem and leaf extract of Hingu shows antioxidant and antihaemolytic activities. 

    Action of Hingu – Ferula foetidain Allergies

    IAFA experts have successfully proven the antiallergic property of the plant Hingu. The plant contains 40-65% resin, 20-25% gum and 4-20% volatile oil. Resin mainly contains asaresinotanol and volatile oil contains butyl propanyl disulphate, disulphides, trisulphides, pinene, terpenes etc. These phytoconstituents aids the antiallergic and antimicrobial property of Hingu. It can be effectively used against allergic reactions in the form of Hingu powder. 

    Vernacular names and Classification

    Botanical NameFerula foetida
    FamilyApiaceae 
    Native Names
    Sanskrit Nameसहस्रवेधि, जतुक, बारीक, हिङ्गु, रामठ
    Hindi NameHing
    English NameAsafetida, Devil’s dung
    Malayalam NameKayam
    Kannada NameIngu, Hingu 
    Marathi NameHing

    Ayurveda reference of Hingu – Ferula foetida

    Morphology of Hingu – Ferula foetida

    • A tall perennial plant.
    • Carrot-shaped rhizome stems 1.5-2.4 meters.
    • Leaves pubescent.
    • Fruit 8 by 5 mm. 

    Geographical distribution of Hingu – Ferula foetida

    It is cultivated in Persia, Iran and Afghanisran. In India it is found growing in Kashmir and Punjab.

    Phytoconstituents of Hingu – Ferula foetida

    The plant contains 40-65% resin, 20-25% gum and 4-20% volatile oil. Resin mainly contains asaresinotanol and volatile oil contains butyl propanyl disulphate, disulphides, trisulphides, pinene, terpenes etc.

    Parts used of Hingu – Ferula foetida

    • Gummy exudate

    Dosage of Hingu – Ferula foetida

    • Powder(churna)- 125-500 mg

    Medicinal Properties of Hingu – Ferula foetida

    • Kasa hara – relieves cough
    • Sulahara- relieves pain
    • Dipana – carminative 
    • Swasahara – relieves asthma 
    • Pacana – digestant 
    • Krimighna – useful in worm infestations  
    • Chakshushya – promote vision 
    • Rucya – useful anorexia 
    • Hridrogahara – useful in heart diseases 

    Home remedies of Hingu – Ferula foetida

     Ayurveda is not only a treatment system but also a lifestyle. The treatment system provided by Ayurveda uses herbs that are commonly seen around. Hingu is one of the commonly seen herb and is used in different diseases like, 

    • In Alcoholism (Madatyaya) – Salt is mixed with Hingu and Piper nigrum and given with wine and sour gruel. 
    • In Insanity (Unmada)  – Ghee processed with latex and leaves of hingu and leaves of Cardamom is used.
    • In Ear ache (Karna sula) – Oil is processed with Hingu and used in ear ache.
    • As Digestant (Pacana)  – Powder of Hingu is mixed with honey and taken will promote digestion. 
    • In Cough (Kasa) – The gummy exudate of Hingu is heated and powdered. It is then taken to cure cough. 
    • As a carminative (Deepana) – Vidanga powdered and taken before food. It can act as a carminative. 
    • In abdominal distension (Anaha) – Powdered Hingu is mixed with hot water and taken.
    • In indigestion (Ajirna) -Hingu is powdered and taken after food.

    Article Written By: Dr. Sahil Gupta, Ayurvedic Allergist

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