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Svarnakshiri (Euphorbia thomsoniana)

Svarnakshiri – Euphorbia thomsoniana

Svarnakshiri is a perennial herb commonly seen in Kashmir,at a height of 10000 ft. The plant is commonly known as Hirbi. The plant’s latex have golden yellow colour and hence the name Svarnakshiri. The chemical constituents of the plant have not been screened. 

 

Institute of Applied food Allergyguided by Dr.Gupta, have been studying on readily available herbs for the purpose of alleviating allergic condition. Our experts studied on Svarnakshiri and proven many therapeutic activities ofthe plant like, anti-inflammatory, Muscle relaxant, Sedative, Antinociceptive, Spasmodic, Lithotriptic, Antipyretic etc. The plant can be used to treat diseases like Anemia,Cough, Diabetes, Inflammation, Fever, Allergic conditions etc. Our experts have also found out that the stem bark of Svarnakshiri have antidiabetic activities. The petroleum ether extract and ethanolic extract of the plant showed significant antidiabetic activities. 

Action of Svarnakshiri – Euphorbia thomsonianain Allergies

IAFA experts have successfully proven the antiallergic andanti-inflammatory property of the plant Svarnakshiri. The plant contains phytoconstituents like Methanol, ethanol, kaempferol etc. These aids in the antiallergic property of the plant. The decoction prepared from the leaves of Svarnakshiri can alleviate skin allergic conditions and worm infestations .

Vernacular names and Classification

Botanical NameEuphorbia thomsoniana, Argemone Mexicana Linn
FamilyEuphorbiaceae 
Native Names
Sanskrit NameSvarnakshiri ,Haimavati, Hemadugdha, Tikta Dugdha
Hindi NameSatyanashi, Kataila
English NameMexican poppy, Mexican prickly poppy
Malayalam NamePonnummattam
Kannada NameDatturi
Marathi NameKantai
Punjabi NameBhatkatheya

Ayurveda reference of Svarnakshiri – Euphorbia thomsoniana

Morphology of Svarnakshiri – Euphorbia thomsoniana

  • Perennial herb
  • Stem is simple and unbranched
  • Leaves are sessile and elliptic ovate

Geographical distribution of Svarnakshiri – Euphorbia thomsoniana

Svarnakshiriis found in high altitude in India especially in Kashmir . 

Phytoconstituents of Svarnakshiri – Euphorbia thomsoniana

Methanolic extract, ethanolic extract, kaempferol 

Parts used of Svarnakshiri – Euphorbia thomsoniana

  • Root
  • Latex

Dosage of Svarnakshiri – Euphorbia thomsoniana

  • Juice (swarasa)- 10-20 ml
  • Decoction (kwatha)- 50-100 ml

Medicinal Properties of Svarnakshiri – Euphorbia thomsoniana

  • Hrdrogahara-cardio protective 
  • Sophahara – relieves swelling 
  • Swasahara – relieves asthma 
  • Krimighna-alleviates worm  infestations
  • Visaghna – useful in poisoning 
  • Kandughna- relieves itching 
  • Kushtaghna – relieves skin diseases

Home remedies of Svarnakshiri – Euphorbia thomsoniana

Ayurveda is an ancient system of medicine, extensively popular in India. More than medical care, Ayurveda advices lifestyle modifications which helps in relieving diseases and promoting immunity. Ayurveda uses herbs that are commonly seen around. Svarnakshiri is a major herb used in Ayurveda and is used in many diseases like, 

  • In Urinary calculus (Asmari) – Decoction is prepared from the root  of Svarnakshiri and to it add paste of root bark. It is then taken internally.
  • In Diabetes (Prameha) – Decoction of Svarnakshiriis taken at a dose of 60ml per day to cure diabetes.
  • In Goitre(Gandamala)- Decoction prepared from root bark of Svarnakshiri is taken internally.
  • In digestive disorders (Agnimandhya) –Root bark crushed and Decoction made. Oral intake of this will cure digestive disorders.
  • In Cough (Kasa) – Powder of Barkof Svarnakshiriis mixed with Ginger and taken repeatedly to cure cough.
  • In worm infestations (krimi roga) – Decoction prepared from root bark of Svarnakshiri is taken at a dose of 60ml per day.
  • In Fever (Jwara) – Decoction of Svarnakshiri and Mandukaparni is taken to cure fever at a dose of 60ml.
  • In Heart diseases (Hrdroga) – Dailyusage of Svarnakshiri can act as cardioprotective.

Article Written By: Dr. Sahil Gupta, Ayurvedic Allergist

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