Home Herbs A to Z Parpata (Fumariaparviflora)

Parpata (Fumariaparviflora)

Parpata – Fumariaparviflora

Parpata, commonly known as Fine leaved fumitory is one among the most common herbs seen in India. The plant reduces temperature hence the name Parpata given. The word fumaria means unpleasant odour and parviflora indicates the small flowers of the plant. 


Dr.Gupta’s Institute of Applied Food and Allergy have been studying on readily available herbs for the purpose of alleviating allergic condition. Our experts have conducted studies on Parpata and proven the plant’s therapeutic activities like Antiviral, Antipyretic, Hepatoprotective , Diuretic, Astringent, Aphrodisiac, Anthelmintic and Antiallergic actions etc. Parpata can be used in various diseases like burning sensation, fever, Vomiting , hemorrhage, ulcers etc.  Secondary metabolites of Parpata can be used in diabetic retinopathy. Extract of fractions of Parpata shows both protective and curative effects on Liver diseases. Methanolic extract of Parpata also shows aphrodisiac actions. Extract of aerial parts of this plant is used as a potent anthelmintic. Nowadays Parpata is also used in treatment of allergic diseases. 

Action of Parpata – Fumariaparviflorain Allergies

IAFA experts have successfully proven the antiallergic property of the plantParpata. The plant contains phytoconstituentsFumaramine, Fumaricine, Fumaridine, Fumariflorines, Fumariline,Fumaritine, Parfumidine, Parfumine, Parviflorine,Stigmasterol, Adlumidieciene, Adlumine, Adlumidine  etc. These phytoconstituents aids the antiallergic and antiviral property of Parpata. It can be used effectively in allergies in form of decoction or paste.

Vernacular names and Classification

Botanical NameFumariaparviflora
Native Names
Sanskrit NameParpata, Sukshmapatra, Pragandha
Hindi NamePitpapara
English NameFine leaved fumitory
Malayalam NameParpatakapullu
Kannada NameKallusabbasige
Marathi NamePitpapara

Ayurveda reference of Parpata – Fumariaparviflora

Morphology of Parpata – Fumariaparviflora

  • Annual herb 
  • Taproot system present 
  • Stem is herbaceous, erect
  • Leaves are simple, narrow 
  • Inflorescence is raceme
  • Flowers are small
  • Fruits are globose nut

Geographical distribution of Parpata – Fumariaparviflora

It is a cosmopolitan plant. Very commonly found herb, everywhere in country.

Phytoconstituents of Parpata – Fumariaparviflora

The plant contains phytoconstituentsFumaramine, Fumaricine, Fumaridine, Fumariflorines,Fumariline,Fumaritine, Parfumidine, Parfumine, Parviflorine,Stigmasterol, Adlumidieciene, Adlumine, Adlumidine and Sanguinarine. etc.

Parts used of Parpata – Fumariaparviflora

  • Whole plant 

Dosage of Parpata – Fumariaparviflora

  • Decoction ( kwatha) – 50-100 ml
  • Paste (Kalka) – 1-3 g

Medicinal Properties of Parpata – Fumariaparviflora

  • Trsnahara – relieves excessive thirst 
  • Dahasamaka – relieves burning sensation 
  • Twakrogahara – relieves diseases of skin 
  • Jwarahara – relieves fever 
  • Varnya – promote skin complexion 
  • Rucya – useful in anorexia
  • Kushtaghna- relieves infectious skin diseases 
  • Chardighna – useful in vomiting 

Home remedies of Parpata – Fumariaparviflora

Ayurveda is an ancient system of medicine popular in India. The treatment system adopted by Ayurveda is purely based on naturally available herbs. Parpata is one of the most widely used herb. Due to its high medicinal value it is used in treating many diseases like, 

  • In Vomiting (Chardi) – Decoction of whole parts of Parpata taken will check vomiting. 
  • In Fever (Jwara) – Parpata is taken, crushed and made into a decoction. Is taken to cure fever.
  • .In Intrinsic haemorrhage (Raktapitta) – Juice of Parpata, Ficusbengalensis leaves and Clitoriaternatea is mixed together and taken with honey.
  • In Bleeding piles (Raktarsas)  – Parpata is processed with ghee and washed over the pile mass to check bleeding. 
  • In Erysipelas (Visarpa) – Juice of Parpata is processed with ghee and applied over wounds occurred because of erysipelas. 
  • In Ulcers (Vrna)  – Oil processed with juice of Parpata is useful in vrna.
  • In Excessive thirst (Trisna) – Water processed with Parpata is used to drink repeatedly. 
  • In Burning sensation (Daha) – Ghee processed with Parpata is applied over areas with burning sensation. 

Article Written By: Dr. Sahil Gupta, Ayurvedic Allergist

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