Home Herbs A to Z Bhallataka (Semecarpusanacardium)

Bhallataka (Semecarpusanacardium)

Bhallataka – Semecarpusanacardium

Bhallataka, commonly known as Marking nut is one of the most widely used herb in Ayurvedic treatments. The name Bhallataka means that the plant is very sharp like that of spear.  The word semecarpus meant for the black juice of the nut which is used for making or tracing designs upon clothes. Anacardium indicates the heart like shape of seed. 

 

Bhallataka is one of the major herbs used by our Acharyasfor anti-inflammatory purposes. Dr.Gupta’s IAFA has been consistently working on the plant for knowing more medicinal properties of Bhallataka. Our experts found out that the plant can act as an antiallergic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, analgesic, and anti cancerous agent. Bhallataka can also be used for diseases like Piles, Scrofula, Worm infestations etc. The milk extract of Bhallataka have anti cancerous effects. The nut milk extract also possess hypolipidemic action and anti diabetic action. The stem bark of Bhallataka contains methanol and the methanol extract can act as wound healing promoter.

Action of Bhallataka - Semecarpusanacardiumin Allergies

IAFA experts have successfully proven the antiallergic and anti-inflammatory properties of the plant Bhallataka . The plant contains phytoconstituents like bhilawanol, biflavinoids A, B, C, Anacardiac acid, anacordoside, cardol, catechol, semecarpol etc and these aids in the antiallergic property of the plant Bhallataka. The seed of the plant can be used for the treatment of skin allergic diseases.

Vernacular Names and Botanical Classification

Botanical NameSemecarpusanacardium
FamilyAnacardiaceae
Native Names
Sanskrit NameBhallataka
Hindi NameBhilawa
English NameMarking nut
Malayalam NameTenparaka
Kannada NameGeru
Marathi NameBibha

Ayurveda reference of Bhallataka – Semecarpusanacardium

Morphology of Bhallataka - Semecarpusanacardium

  • Large to medium sized tree
  • Bark is grey in color 
  • Leaves are simple and oblong 
  • Inflorescence is compound panicle 
  • Flowers are small greenish yellow 
  • Fruits are drupaceous nut

Geographical distribution of Bhallataka - Semecarpusanacardium

Vidanga found throughout India especially in forest and hilly areas . 

Phytoconstituents of Bhallataka - Semecarpusanacardium

The plant contains phytoconstituents like bhilawanol, biflavinoids A, B, C, Anacardiac acid, anacordoside, cardol, catechol, semecarpol etc

Parts used of Bhallataka - Semecarpusanacardium

  • Fruit

Dosage of Bhallataka - Semecarpusanacardium

  • Oil extract( Taila)  – 10 drops
  • Powder (churna)- 5 g

Medicinal Properties of Bhallataka - Semecarpusanacardium

  • Kasahara – relieves cough
  • Sulahara-relieves pain
  • Sophahara – relieves swelling 
  • Swasahara – relieves asthma 
  • Kushtaghna-alleviateskindisorders 
  • Krimighna – useful in worm infestations  
  • Kandughan- relieves itching 
  • Vishaghna – useful in poisoning 
  • Vranahara – useful in wounds 

Home remedies of Bhallataka - Semecarpusanacardium

Ayurveda is purely based on naturally available herbs whichare toxic free and have no side effects at all. Bhallataka is one of the most widely used herb. Due to its high medicinal value it is used in treating many diseases like,

  • In Piles (Arsas) – Bhallataka is taken and processed with buttermilk. It is then taken orally. 
  • In Worm infestations (Krimi)  – Freshly collected Bhallataka seeds are squeezed to obtain oils. Then this Bhallataka taila is internally taken or applied as enema. 
  • In skin diseases (Kushta) – Ghee processed with Bhallataka, Gooseberry, Neem and Terminalia belericais taken internally. 
  • In Diabetes (Prameha)  –  Powder of Bhallatakais taken along with Gooseberry and honey at a dose of 5g.
  • As a carminative (Deepana) – Bhallataka powdered and taken before food. It can act as a carminative. 
  • In Scrofula (Apachi) paste prepared from burning Sarsapa and Bhallataka is mixed with goat’s urine and applied over the Scrofula.
  • In Fever (Jwara) Decoction made with leaves of Bhallataka and Neem taken internally at a dose of 60 ml.
  • In Inflammation (Sopha) – Paste prepared from Bhallataka seed and ghee is applied over the skin part. 

Article Written By: Dr. Sahil Gupta, Ayurvedic Allergist

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